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English words of Māori origin



By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Maori_origin






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Words of (New Zealand) Māori origin have entered many languages. Many such words have entered New Zealand English and are considered native words. Some of those words have in turn been exported from New Zealand English to other branches of the English language and to other languages.

Flora and fauna

The accepted English common names of a number of species of animal and plant endemic to New Zealand are simply their Māori names or a very close equivalent:

kauri
a large conifer in the Araucariaceae
kea
the alpine parrot
kiwi
the bird, a New Zealander, or sometimes (not in New Zealand) the kiwi fruit
mako 
the shark considered a magnificent fighter by game-fisherman
moa
the extinct giant flightless bird
tuatara
rare lizard-like reptile, not closely related to any other species currently alive

Placenames

Thousands of Māori placenames (or very close equivalents) are now official; These include

Other words and phrases

aroha 
love and compassion
haka 
traditional Māori dance, not always a war-dance, often performed by New Zealand sports teams, both local and international, to 'intimidate' opponents
hāngi 
traditional feast prepared in earth-oven
hikoi 
march or walk
hui 
meeting
iwi 
tribe
kai 
meaning "food"; also "kai moana" meaning "sea food"
kia kaha 
an expression of support, literally "be strong"
kia ora 
a greeting, literally be healthy
koha 
a gift or donation
mahinga maataitai/mataitai 
traditional seafood gathering place
mana 
very roughly, the regard in which someone is held; respect of their authority; reputation
mihi 
literally meaning hommage or respect, sometimes used in sense of internet board or forum message
moko 
facial tattoo
 
a hill fort
Pākehā 
New Zealander of non-Māori descent, usually European
Papakāinga 
Land utilised for housing for an iwi/hapu or whanau group
Ngaire 
silver fern

pounamu : Greenstone

puku 
tummy
tangata whenua 
literally people of the land, an alternative name for Māori
tangi 
funeral and/or wake
taonga 
sacred treasure or gift
tauranga waka 
landing places where waka were drawn out of the water
utu 
retribution

waahi tapu : sacred sites

waka 
canoe
whānau
family





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Published - January 2009


This glossary is available under the terms
of the GNU Free Documentation






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