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English words of Malay origin



By Wikipedia,
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Malay_origin






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Loan words from Malay in English

Agar (also 'agar-agar')
a gelatinous substance obtained from various kinds of red seaweed and used in biological culture media and as a thickener in foods.
Amok 
('berserk'), as in 'to run amok'
Bamboo 
from bambu
Banteng 
from "banteng", 'a SE Asian forest ox that resembles the domestic cow, domesticated in Bali [Bos javanicus.]'
Caddy 
from kati (a measurement unit, whereby 1 kati = approximately 600 g)
Cockatoo 
from kakak or sister and tua or older (burung kakaktua lit. the elder sister bird))
Compound (enclosed group of buildings) 
by folk etymology from kampung or 'village'
Cooties 
from kutu, 'lice'
Dammar 
from damar, 'resin; resin obtained from various mainly Indo-Malaysian trees, used to make varnish.'
Dugong 
from duyung, 'mermaid'
Durian 
from duri 'thorns', hence durian, 'thorny'
Gambier 
from gambir(the name of the plant), an astringent extract of a tropical Asian plant, used in tanning'
Gecko 
from geko,gekok
Gingham 
from ginggang
Gutta-percha 
(a type of tree whose sap is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber) from getah, 'rubber' and perca, 'scrap/piece'; hence getah perca, 'a scrap/piece of rubber'
Junk (type of boat) 
from jong
Kapok 
from kapuk, 'a fine fibrous substance which grows around the seeds of a ceiba or silk-cotton tree, used as stuffing for cushions'
Kapur 
from kapur a large tropical tree which yields light brown wood, edible fruit, and camphor [Genus Dryobalanops.]
Komodo 
from komodo
Kris (also archaic 'creese') 
from keris, 'a Malay/Indonesian dagger with a wavy-edged blade'
Mangosteen 
from manggustan
Meranti  
from meranti, 'white, red, or yellow hardwood from a SE Asian tree (genus Shorea)'
Merbau  
from merbau, 'the hardwood of a SE Asian tree (genus Intsia)'
Orangutan 
from orang hutan or 'people of the jungle'
paddy 
as in 'paddy-field' or 'rice paddy', from padi, referring to the rice plant Oryza sativa.
Pandanus 
from pandan, 'a tropical tree or shrub with a twisted stem, long spiny leaves, and fibrous edible fruit.[Genus Pandanus.]'
Pangolin 
from pengguling, 'one that rolls/curls'
Parang 
from parang, 'a Malayan machete',
Proa (also 'prahu' or 'prau')
from perahu, 'a Malaysian or Indonesian sailing boat, typically having a large triangular sail and an outrigger'
Rambutan 
from rambut 'hair', hence rambutan, 'hairy'
Ramie 
from rami, 'the plant of the nettle family which yields this fibre, native to tropical Asia. [Boehmeria nivea.]'
Rattan 
from rotan
Sago 
from sagu, '(sago palm) the palm from which most sago is obtained, growing in freshwater swamps in SE Asia. [Metroxylon sagu.]; any of a number of other palms or cycads which yield a similar starch.'
Sarong 
from sarung, 'wrap/sheath'
Satay (also 'sate') 
from Malay satai, Javanese/Indonesian "sate", 'an Indonesian and Malaysian dish consisting of small pieces of meat grilled on a skewer and served with spiced sauce.'
Trepang 
from teripang/trepang

See also






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Published - January 2009


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