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English words of Hebrew origin



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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Hebrew_origin






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This is a list of English words of Hebrew origin. Transliterated pronunciations follow Sephardic/Modern Israeli pronunciations as opposed to Ashkenazi pronunciations, with the major difference being that the letter tav (ת) is transliterated as a "t" as opposed to an "s."

Contents

English words of Hebrew origin

Abacus 
perhaps from אבק dust
Amen 
from אמן amen ("so be it; truly")
Armageddon 
from הר מגידו har megido ("megido mountain", the biblical location of an apocalyptic battle)
Behemoth 
from בהמות behemot ("beasts, cattle")
Bedlam 
from בית לחם bet lehem ("Bethlehem")
Brouhaha 
suggested by some to be from barukh habba ("blessed be the one who comes")
Cabal
from קַבָּלָה qabbalah , literally meaning a "receiving", in the sense of a "received tradition"
Cherub
from כרוב kerubh
Cider 
perhaps from Hebrew שכר shekhar ("intoxicating liquor")
Chutzpah 
from hutspah
Eden 
from edhen ("pleasure, delight")
Golem 
from גולם golem ("unformed, incomplete")
Gun moll 
first element perhaps from ganabh ("thief"), second element from Miryam
Hallelujah 
from הללויה halleluyah ("praise Yahweh")
Jeremiad 
from Yarimiyah (Jeremiah)
Jezebel 
from Izebehl
Jubilee 
from יובל yovel (Jubilee year)
Kosher 
from כשר kasher ("fit, acceptable")
Klezmer 
from כלי זמר kley zemer ("musical instruments")
Leviathan 
from לויתן livyatan ("whale, sea monster")
Mazuma 
from מזומן mezumman ("ready")
Manna 
from man
Maven 
from מבין mevin ("one who understands")
Meshuga 
from משוגע meshugga
Messiah 
from משיח mashiach ("anointed")
Methuselah 
from Methushelah, the Bible's longest-lived human (969 years)
Nimrod 
from נמרוד, a mighty hunter, specifically the ancient King Nimrod (mentioned in the Book of Genesis)
Pharaoh 
from par'oh
Sabbath 
from שׁבת "Shabbat" ("rest")
Sack 
from שק saq ("sackcloth") or its Phoenician cognate
Satan 
from שטן satan ("adversary")
Schmooze 
from shemu'oth ("news, rumours")
Schwa 
from שווא sheva ("a neutral vowel quality")
Shamus 
perhaps from שמש shamash ("servant")
Shekel 
from שקל sheqel
Shibboleth 
from שיבולת shibbolet ("ear of grain")
Sodomy 
from סדום s'dom ("Sodom")
Tush 
from תחת tahat ("beneath")

See also

External links






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Published - January 2009


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