English words of Malay origin
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Loan words from Malay in English
- Agar (also 'agar-agar')
- a gelatinous substance obtained from various kinds of red seaweed and used in biological culture media and as a thickener in foods.
- ('berserk'), as in 'to run amok'
- from bambu
- from "banteng", 'a SE Asian forest ox that resembles the domestic cow, domesticated in Bali [Bos javanicus.]'
- from kati (a measurement unit, whereby 1 kati = approximately 600 g)
- from kakak or sister and tua or older (burung kakaktua lit. the elder sister bird))
- Compound (enclosed group of buildings)
- by folk etymology from kampung or 'village'
- from kutu, 'lice'
- from damar, 'resin; resin obtained from various mainly Indo-Malaysian trees, used to make varnish.'
- from duyung, 'mermaid'
- from duri 'thorns', hence durian, 'thorny'
- from gambir(the name of the plant), an astringent extract of a tropical Asian plant, used in tanning'
- from geko,gekok
- from ginggang
- (a type of tree whose sap is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber) from getah, 'rubber' and perca, 'scrap/piece'; hence getah perca, 'a scrap/piece of rubber'
- Junk (type of boat)
- from jong
- from kapuk, 'a fine fibrous substance which grows around the seeds of a ceiba or silk-cotton tree, used as stuffing for cushions'
- from kapur a large tropical tree which yields light brown wood, edible fruit, and camphor [Genus Dryobalanops.]
- from komodo
- Kris (also archaic 'creese')
- from keris, 'a Malay/Indonesian dagger with a wavy-edged blade'
- from manggustan
- from meranti, 'white, red, or yellow hardwood from a SE Asian tree (genus Shorea)'
- from merbau, 'the hardwood of a SE Asian tree (genus Intsia)'
- from orang hutan or 'people of the jungle'
- as in 'paddy-field' or 'rice paddy', from padi, referring to the rice plant Oryza sativa.
- from pandan, 'a tropical tree or shrub with a twisted stem, long spiny leaves, and fibrous edible fruit.[Genus Pandanus.]'
- from pengguling, 'one that rolls/curls'
- from parang, 'a Malayan machete',
- Proa (also 'prahu' or 'prau')
- from perahu, 'a Malaysian or Indonesian sailing boat, typically having a large triangular sail and an outrigger'
- from rambut 'hair', hence rambutan, 'hairy'
- from rami, 'the plant of the nettle family which yields this fibre, native to tropical Asia. [Boehmeria nivea.]'
- from rotan
- from sagu, '(sago palm) the palm from which most sago is obtained, growing in freshwater swamps in SE Asia. [Metroxylon sagu.]; any of a number of other palms or cycads which yield a similar starch.'
- from sarung, 'wrap/sheath'
- Satay (also 'sate')
- from Malay satai, Javanese/Indonesian "sate", 'an Indonesian and Malaysian dish consisting of small pieces of meat grilled on a skewer and served with spiced sauce.'
- from teripang/trepang
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Published - January 2009
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