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This is a list of bodies that regulate standard languages.


Natural languages

Languages Regulators
Afrikaans Die Taalkommissie, South Africa
Arabic Academy of the Arabic Language (مجمع اللغة العربية, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq)
Aragonese Academia de l'Aragonés [1], Aragon, Spain
Armenian Armenian Academy of Sciences
Asturian Academia de la Llingua Asturiana
Bangla / Bengali Bangla Academy, Dhaka, Bangladesh,

or Paschimbanga Bangla Academy, Kolkata, West Bengal

Basque Euskaltzaindia
Belarusian Iнстытут мовы i лiтаратуры iмя Я. Коласа і Я. Купалы Нацыянальнай Акадэміі навук БеларусіJ. Kolas and J. Kupala Institute of Language and Literature at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Bulgarian Institute for Bulgarian Language [2] at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Burmese Myanmar Language Commission
Catalan Institut d'Estudis Catalans and Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua (for the valencian standard)
Mandarin Chinese State Language and Letters Committee of the PRC (国家语言文字工作委员会); Standard Mandarin is also regulated by the Mandarin Promotion Council (國語推行委員會) of the Republic of China
Cornish Agan Tavas - Our Language (Unified Cornish and Unified Cornish Revised);

Cussel an Tavas Kernuak - Cornish Language Council (Revived Late Cornish); Kesva an Taves Kernewek - Cornish Language Board (Kernewek Kemmyn)

Croatian Vijeće za normu hrvatskoga standardnog jezika (Council for Standard Croatian Language Norm)

attached to the Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje [3] (Institute of Croatian Language and Linguistics)

Czech Czech Language Institute (Ústav pro jazyk česky)
Danish Dansk Sprogn?vn (Danish Language Board)
Dalecarlian Ulum Dalska
Dutch Nederlandse Taalunie (Dutch Language Union)
Estonian Language Board at the Mother Tongue Society [4] (Emakeele Seltsi keeletoimkond) sets rules and standards, authoritative advice is given by the Institute of the Estonian Language [5]
Faroese Faroese Language Board (Føroyska málnevndin)
Filipino Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino [6]
Finnish Kielitoimisto (Language Planning Department of the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland)
French Académie française (French Academy), Office québécois de la langue française (Quebec Office of the French Language), Conseil pour le développement du Français en Louisiane (Council for the Development of French in Louisiana)
Frisian Fryske Akademy (Frisian Academy)
Galician Real Academia Gallega (Royal Galician Academy, official)
German Rat für deutsche Rechtschreibung [7] (Council for German Spelling)
Hebrew Academy of the Hebrew Language (האקדמיה ללשון העברית)
Hindi Central Hindi Directorate (regulates use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India.[1])
Hungarian Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelvtudományi Intézete (Research Institute for Linguistics at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)
Icelandic Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies
Indonesian Pusat Bahasa (Language Center)
Irish Foras na Gaeilge
Italian Accademia della Crusca
Japanese No official centralized regulation, but de facto regulations by Agency for Cultural Affairs (文化庁) at the Ministry of Education of Japan (文部科学省)
Kannada Various academies and Government of Karnataka
Kashubian Radzëzna Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka (Commission of the Kashubian Language) [8]
Korean The National Institute of the Korean Language [9] (국립국어원)
Latin Opus Fundatum Latinitas
Latvian Latvian State Language Center (Valsts Valodas Centrs)
Limburgish Differs from town to town. Most regulators use Veldeke as a base.
Lithuanian Commission of the Lithuanian Language (Valstybinė lietuvių kalbos komisija)
Lusoga Lusoga Language Authority, (LULA) (Uganda)
Macedonian Macedonian Language Institute "Krste Misirkov",
Malay Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (The Institute of Language and Literature)
Maltese Akkademja tal-Malti
Maori Maori Language Commission
Mixtec Ve'e Tu'un Sávi (Academy of the Mixtec Language)
Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk) Norwegian Language Council
Occitan Conselh de la Lenga Occitana (Occitan Language Council)
Persian Academy of Persian Language and Literature, Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Polish Rada Języka Polskiego (Polish Language Council)
Portuguese (Brazil) Academia Brasileira de Letras
Portuguese (Portugal) Academia das Ciências de Lisboa, Classe de Letras
Romanian (Romania) Institutul de Lingvisticǎ al Academiei Române (Institute for Linguistics of the Romanian Academy)
Romanian (Moldova) Academia de Ştiinţe a Moldovei
Russian Russian Language Institute [10] at the Russian Academy of Sciences
Scots Scotland: Scots Tung, promotes Lowland Scots.

Ireland: the Ulster-Scots Agency, a cross-border agency, promotes Ulster Scots.

Scottish Gaelic Bòrd na Gaidhlig maintains the national plan for Gaelic, to promote its use and make Gaelic culture accessible
Serbian Matica Srpska, Board for Standardization of the Serbian Language, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Sindhi Sindhi Language Authority[11]
Slovak Slovak Academy of Sciences (Slovenská akadémia vied)
Slovene Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts
Spanish Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (constituted by the Real Academia Española plus 21 other separate national academies in the Spanish speaking world)
Swahili Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa
Swedish Swedish Language Council (semi-official)
Swedish (Finland) Svenska språkbyrån (Swedish Language Department of the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland)
Tamil Various academics and Government of Tamilnadu, Tamil_University and Tamil_Open_University
Telugu Telugu Academy and Official Language Comission of Government of Andhra Pradesh
Tetum National Institute of Linguistics at the National University of East Timor
Thai The Royal Institute (Thailand) (ราชบัณฑิตยสถาน)
Turkish Turkish Language Association
Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Urdu National Language Authority, Pakistan
Võro Võro Institute
Waray Sanghiran San Binisaya ha Samar ug Leyte (Academy for Samar-Leyte Visayan) [12] defunct
Welsh Welsh Language Board (Bwrdd yr Iaith Gymraeg) [13]
West Frisian Fryske Akademy (Frisian Academy)
Wolof Centre de linguistique appliquée de Dakar (Center of Applied Linguistics of Dakar at the Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal)
Yiddish YIVO [14]
Yoruba The Yoruba Academy

Auxiliary languages


The auxiliary language Interlingua has no regulating body, as its vocabulary, grammar, and orthography are viewed as a product of ongoing social forces. In theory, Interlingua therefore evolves independent from any human regulator. Interlingua's vocabulary is verified and recorded by dynamically applying certain general principles to an existing set of natural languages and their etymologies.

Constructed languages

With the exception of Interlingua, all other auxiliary languages have been constructed by a person or small group. Constructed languages are by definition their inventors' regulations, so language planning, as known in natural languages, does not exist independent of the language itself.

Languages Regulators
Esperanto Akademio de Esperanto
Ido Uniono por la Linguo Internaciona Ido
Klingon Marc Okrand and Klingon Language Institute
Lojban Logical Language Group

See also



Published - December 2008

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