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Nazi Party Leaders and Officials Glossary

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A list of Nazi Party (NSDAP) leaders and officials.

 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T  | V | WZ

 

A

  • Gunter d'Alquen - Chief Editor of the SS official newspaper, Das Schwarze Korps ("The Black Corps"), and commander of the SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers.
  • Ludolf von Alvensleben - commander of the SS and police in Crimea and commander of the Selbstschutz (self-defense) of the Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia.
  • Max Amann - Head of Nazi publishing house Eher-Verlag
  • Benno von Arent - Responsible for art, theatres, and movies in the Third Reich.
  • Heinz Auerswald - Commissioner for the Jewish residential district in Warsaw from April 1941 to November 1942.
  • Hans Aumeier - deputy commandant at Auschwitz
  • Artur Axmann - Chief of the Social Office of the Reich Youth Leadership. Leader of the Hitler Youth from 1940 through war's end in 1945.

B

  • Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski - Commander of the "Bandenkämpfverbände" SS units responsible for the mass murder of 35,000 civilians in Riga and more than 200,000 in Belarus and eastern Poland.
  • Herbert Backe - Minister of Food (appointed 1942) and Minister of Agriculture (appointed 1943).
  • Richard Baer - Commander of the Auschwitz I concentration camp from May 1944 to February 1945.
  • Alfred Baeumler - Philosopher who interpreted the works of Friedrich Nietzsche in order to legitimize Nazism.
  • Klaus Barbie - Head of the Gestapo in Lyon. Nicknamed "the Butcher of Lyon" for his use of torture on prisoners.
  • Josef Berchtold - Very early Party member, and the second Reichsführer-SS from 1926-27.
  • Gottlob Berger - Chief of Staff for Waffen SS and head of the SS's main leadership office.
  • Werner Best - SS-Obergruppenführer and Civilian administrator of Nazi occupied France and Denmark.
  • Hans Biebow - Chief of Administration of the Łódź Ghetto.
  • Paul Blobel - SS commander primarily responsible for the Babi Yar massacre at Kiev.
  • Werner von Blomberg - Generalfeldmarschall, Defence Minister 1933-1935, Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces 1935-1938. Forced out in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair
  • Hans-Friedrich Blunck - Propagandist and head of the Reich Literature Chamber between 1933 and 1935.
  • Ernst Boepple - State Secretary of the General Government in Poland, serving as deputy to Deputy Governor Josef Bühler. Deeply implicated in the "Final Solution"
  • Ernst Wilhelm Bohle - leader of the Foreign Organization of the German Nazi Party from 1933 until 1945.
  • Martin Bormann - Head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and private secretary to Adolf Hitler.
  • Philipp Bouhler - Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP and leader of the Action T4 euthanasia program.
  • Viktor Brack - Organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Operation T4 and one of the men responsible for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps.
  • Otto Bradfisch - Commander of the Security Police in Łódź and Potsdam.
  • Karl Brandt - Personal physician of Adolf Hitler in August 1944 and headed the administration of the Nazi euthanasia program from 1939.
  • Walther von Brauchitsch - Generalfeldmarschall, Commander-in-Chief of the German Army 1938-1941.
  • Wernher von Braun - Aerospace engineer; head of the V-2 rocket program at Peenemunde. Subsequenly worked for the US Army and NASA, designing America's pioneering rockets including the Redstone, Atlas and Saturn V
  • Alois Brunner - Commander of the Drancy internment camp outside Paris from June 1943 to August 1944. Reportedly "the world's highest-ranking Nazi fugitive believed still alive."
  • Walter Buch - Jurist and supreme magistrate of the Nazi party.
  • Josef Bühler - State secretary for the Nazi-controlled General Government in Kraków during World War II.
  • Josef Bürckel - Politician and leading member of the Schutzstaffel from November 1937.
  • Anton Burger - Commandant of Concentration camp Theresienstadt between 1943 and 1944.

C

  • Herr Carlton - Noted Nazi Liberal professor of politics.
  • Werner Catel - Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Leipzig, considered an expert on the programme of euthanasia for children and participated in the T-4 Program.
  • Carl Clauberg - Doctor who conducted medical experiments on human beings in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
  • Leonardo Conti - Head of the Reich Physicians' Chamber (Reichsärztekammer) and leader of the National Socialist German Doctors' League (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Ärztebund or NSDÄB).

D

  • Kurt Daluege - was a SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst der Polizei as chief of the Ordnungspolizei (Order/uniformed Police) and ruled the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia as Acting Protector after Reinhard Heydrich's assassination.
  • Richard Walther Darré - Minister of Food and Agriculture from 1933 to 1942.
  • Rudolf Diels - was a German politician. A protégé of Hermann Göring, Diels was the first director of the Gestapo from 1933 to 1 April 1934.
  • Josef "Sepp" Dietrich - rose to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer in the Waffen-SS; was the original commander of Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH), and later commander of the 6th SS Panzer Army.
  • Otto Dietrich - Press Chief of the Third Reich.
  • Oskar Dirlewanger - Commanded the infamous SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger unit made out of amnestied Germans convicted of major crimes.
  • Karl DönitzGroßadmiral, Führer der Unterseeboote (Commander of Submarines) 1936-1943, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1943-1945, last President of the Third Reich following Hitler's suicide.
  • Anton Drexler - Politician and member of the Nazi party through the 1920s. Responsible for changing the name of the Party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) early in 1920.

E

  • Irmfried Eberl - Commandant of Treblinka, July to September 1942.
  • Dietrich Eckart - Important early member of the National-Socialist German Workers' Party and a participant of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch.
  • Adolf Eichmann - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Official in charge of the facilitation and transportation of the Jews to ghettos and extermination camps.
  • Theodor Eicke - SS-Obergruppenführer. He was a leading figure in the establishment of the concentration camps in Nazi Germany and later the commander of the 3rd Waffen-SS Division Totenkopf.
  • August Eigruber - Gauleiter of Oberdonau (Upper Danube) and Landeshauptmann of Upper Austria
  • Hermann Esser - Propagandist and editor of Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter.
  • Richard Euringer - Writer who selected 18,000 "unsuitable" books which did not conform to Nazi ideology and were publicly burned.
  • Franz Ritter von Epp - General of the German army.

F

  • Gottfried Feder - Economic theorist and one of the early leaders of the NSDAP.
  • Karl Fiehler - Lord Mayor of Munich from 1933 until 1945.
  • Albert Forster - Politician and governor of the province Danzig-West Prussia from 1939-1945
  • Hans Frank - Governor-General of occupied Poland and involved in perpetration of the Holocaust.
  • Karl Hermann Frank - SS-Obergruppenführer and prominent Sudeten-German Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II.
  • Roland Freisler - State Secretary of Adolf Hitler's Reich Ministry of Justice and President of the Volksgerichtshof. He sentenced hundreds of people to their deaths, including Sophie Scholl, and various members of the July 20 Plot. He was killed while returning to collect some files during an air raid on Berlin.
  • Wilhelm Frick - Minister of the Interior until August 1943 and later appointed to the ceremonial post of Protector of Bohemia and Moravia.
  • Werner von Fritsch - Generaloberst, Commander-in-Chief of the Army 1935-1938. Forced out in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair.
  • Hans Fritzsche - Senior official at the Ministry for Propaganda.
  • Walther Funk - Minister for Economic Affairs from 1937 to 1945.

G

  • Karl Gebhardt - Personal physician of Heinrich Himmler and one of the main perpetrators of surgical experiments performed on inmates of the concentration camps at Ravensbrück and Auschwitz.
  • Achim Gercke - Expert of racial matters at the Ministry of the Interior. Devised the system of "racial prophylaxis" forbidding the intermarriage between Jews and Aryans.
  • Kurt Gerstein - SS officer and member of the Institute for Hygiene of the Waffen-SS. He witnessed mass murders in the Nazi extermination camps. He gave information to the Swedish diplomat Göran von Otter as well as members of the Roman Catholic Church in order to inform the international public about the Holocaust. In 1945 he authored the Gerstein Report about the Holocaust. Afterward he allegedly committed suicide while in French custody.
  • Herbert Otto Gille - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. As a winner of the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds and the German Cross in Gold, he became the most highly decorated member of the Waffen SS during World War II.
  • Odilo Globocnik - SS-Obergruppenführer. He was a prominent Austrian Nazi and later an SS leader in Poland. Head of "Operation Reinhard" and one of the persons responsible for the murder of millions of people during the Holocaust.
  • Richard Glücks - SS officer and inspector of concentration camps.
  • Joseph Goebbels - One of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devout followers, he was known for his zealous oratory and anti-Semitism. Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda throughout the Third Reich and World War II. Named Chancellor of the Reich in Hitler's will, a position he held for only one day before his own suicide.
  • Hermann Göring - He was Hitler's designated successor (until expelled from office in April 1945), and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). As Reichsmarschall he was the highest-ranking military officer in the Third Reich; he was also the sole holder of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross. He was sentenced to death by the Nuremburg Tribunal but committed suicide before he could be hanged. He was a veteran of the First World War as an ace fighter pilot, a participant in the Beer Hall Putsch, and the founder of the Gestapo.
  • Amon Göth - SS-Hauptsturmführer. He was the commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at Płaszów, General Government (a German occupied area of Poland).
  • Robert Ritter von Greim - German Field Marshal, pilot and the last commander of the Luftwaffe succeeding Hermann Göring in the last days of World War II.
  • Arthur Greiser - Chief of Civil Administration and Gauleiter in the military district of Greater Poland.
  • Walter Groß - He was chief of the Racial Policy Office of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Implicated in the Final Solution.
  • Kurt Gruber - First chairman of the Hitler Youth (1926-1931).
  • Hans Friedrich Karl Günther - Academic teaching racial theories and eugenics.
  • Franz Gürtner - Minister of Justice responsible for co-ordinating jurisprudence in the Third Reich.
  • Werner von Gilsa - Infantry General.

H

  • Eugen Hadamovsky - National programming director for German radio and chief of staff in the Nazi Party's Central Propaganda Office (Reichspropagandaleitung) in Berlin from 1942-1944.
  • Ernst Hanfstaengl - Confidante and early supporter of Adolf Hitler.
  • Karl Hanke - He served as Governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945 and as the final Reichsführer-SS (after Himmler was expelled by Hitler) for a few days in 1945.
  • Fritz Hartjenstein - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Concentration camp commandant at Birkenau, Natzweiler and Flossenbürg.
  • Paul Hausser - SS-Oberstgruppenführer und Generaloberst der Waffen-SS. First commander of the military SS-Verfügungstruppe that grew into the Waffen-SS, in which Hausser was a prominent field commander.
  • Franz Hayler - State Secretary and acting Reich Economics Minister during the latter part of World War II.
  • Martin Heidegger - Eminent philosopher, NSDAP member and outspoken Hitler supporter
  • Erhard Heiden - Founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS), and its third Reichsführer from 1927-29.
  • August Heißmeyer - Leading member of the SS.
  • Rudolf Hess (not to be confused with Rudolf Höß) - Deputy Führer to Hitler until his flight to Scotland on the eve of war with the Soviet Union in 1941.
  • Walther Hewel - Diplomat and personal friend of Hitler.
  • Werner Heyde - Psychiatrist and one of the main organizers of the T-4 Euthanasia Program.
  • Reinhard Heydrich - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei, chief of the RSHA or Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office: including the Gestapo, SD and Kripo police agencies) and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia. He was the "right-hand man" to Himmler, and considered a principal architect of the Night of the Long Knives and the Final Solution. Assassinated in 1942 by British-trained Czech commandos.
  • Konstantin Hierl - Head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst and an associate of Adolf Hitler before he came to power.
  • Erich Hilgenfeldt - Head of the Nazi's Office For People's Welfare.
  • Heinrich Himmler - Reichsführer-SS. As head of the SS, Chief of the German Police and later the Minister of the Interior, he was one of the most powerful men in the Third Reich.
  • Hans Hinkel Journalist and commissioner at the Reich Ministry for the People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
  • August Hirt - Chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg during World War II.
  • Adolf Hitler - politician and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with the title of Chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and with the title head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
  • Hermann Höfle - Deputy to Odilo Globocnik in the Aktion Reinhard program. Played a key role in the "Harvest Festival" massacre of Jewish inmates of the various labour camps in the Lublin district in early November 1943.
  • Rudolf Höß (not to be confused with Rudolf Hess) - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • Franz Hofer - Gauleiter of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg regions.
  • Adolf Hühnlein - Korpsführer (Corps Leader) of the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), from 1934 until his death in 1942.
  • Karl Holz - protege of Julius Streicher, succeeded Streichetr as Gauleiter of Franconia.

J

  • Karl Jäger - SS officer and Einsatzkommando leader and author of the "Jäger Report" detailing reports of mass murder in Lithuania between July and December 1941.
  • Friedrich Jeckeln - Leader of one of the largest collection of Einsatzgruppen and personally responsible for ordering the deaths of over 100,000 Jews, Slavs, Roma, and other "undesirables."
  • Alfred Jodl - Generaloberst and Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, or OKW) during World War II, acting as deputy to Wilhelm Keitel.
  • Hanns Johst - Playwright and Poet Laureate of the Nazi party.
  • Hans Jüttner - SS-Obergruppenführer. Head of the SS-Führungshauptamt (SS Leadership Main Office) or SS-FHA.
  • Rudolf Jung - An instrumental force and agitator of German-Czech National Socialism and, later on, a member of the German Nazi Party.

K

  • Ernst Kaltenbrunner - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei und Waffen-SS. Chief of the RSHA (Reich Main Security Office) a main section of the SS, after Heydrich's death in June 1942 to the end of World War II.
  • Hans Kammler- SS Construction projects and V-2 program
  • Herbert Ritter von Karajan - prominent Austrian-born musical conductor and DNSAP/NSDAP member. He conducted the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra for 35 years. He is the top-selling classical music recording artist of all time, having sold an estimated 200 million records.
  • Siegfried Kasche - German Minister Plenipotentiary to their ally the Independent State of Croatia.
  • Emil Kaschub - Doctor who conducted experiments on Nazi concentration camp prisoners.
  • Karl Kaufmann - Founding member of the Nazi party and Gauleiter of Hamburg.
  • Wilhelm Keitel - Field marshal (Generalfeldmarschall). Head of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High Command of the Armed Forces) during World War II.
  • Hanns Kerrl - Reichsminister of Church Affairs for the Third Reich.
  • Dietrich Klagges - Premier of the Duchy of Brunswick between 1933 and 1945.
  • Matthias Kleinheisterkamp
  • Hans Ulrich Klintzsch - Second head of the SA, 1921-23
  • Helmut Knochen - Senior commander of the Sicherheitspolizei (Security Police) in Paris during the Nazi occupation of France.
  • Erich Koch - Gauleiter of the NSDAP in East Prussia from 1928 until 1945, and Reichskomissar in Ukraine from 1941 until 1944.
  • Ilse Koch - Wife of Karl Koch. Infamous for taking tattooed skin from murdered prisoners as souvenirs.
  • Karl Otto Koch - Commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald (from 1937 to 1941), and later at Lublin (Majdanek camp).
  • Max Koegel - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Concentration camp commander at Majdanek and Flossenbürg.
  • Karl Koller - Chief of the General Staff of the Luftwaffe.
  • Josef Kramer - Commandant of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
  • Bernhard Krüger - Leader of the VI F 4a Unit in the Reichssicherheitshauptamt responsible for, among other things, falsifying passports and documents.
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger - High-ranking member of the SA and SS.
  • Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach - Ran the Friedrich Krupp AG heavy industry conglomerate from 1909 until 1941 and financier of the Nazi party. Succeeded by his son Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach - member of Freundeskreis der Wirtschaft; Colonel In NSDAP Flying Corps; ran the Friedrich Krupp AG heavy industry conglomerate from 1943 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1967

L

  • Hans Lammers - Head of the Reich Chancellery.
  • Herbert Lange - SS-Sturmbannführer and commandant of Chełmno extermination camp, where he was implicated in thousands of gassings. Also led the execution of 1,558 mental patients at the Soldau concentration camp.
  • Robert Ley - Head of the German Labour Front from 1933 to 1945.
  • Arthur Liebehenschel - Commandant of Auschwitz and Majdanek death camps during World War II.
  • Julius Lippert - Nazi activist and propaganda official.
  • Wilhelm Loeper - Gauleiter in the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.
  • Hinrich Lohse - Gauleiter for Schleswig-Holstein and Reich Commissar for the Ostland.
  • Werner Lorenz - Waffen-SS general and a leader of the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle, an organization charged with settling ethnic Germans in the Reich from other parts of Europe.
  • Hanns Ludin - Diplomat and ambassador to Slovakia.
  • Martin Luther - advisor to Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, and participant in the infamous Wannsee Conference.
  • Viktor Lutze - SA officer and important participant in the Night of the Long Knives. He succeeded Ernst Röhm as Stabschef (Commander of the SA).

M

  • Emil Maurice - Personal friend of Hitler, first head of the SA and one of the founding members of the SS.
  • Josef Mengele - SS-Hauptsturmführer and physician at the concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • Willy Messerschmitt - Aeronautical engineer and head of the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW, later Messerschmitt AG); designer of several famous aircraft including the Bf.109.
  • Alfred Meyer - Deputy Reichsminister in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories
  • Kurt Meyer - Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS noted for his command of 1st SS Reconnaissance Battalion (LSSAH) and later the division commander of 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend.
  • Erhard MilchGeneralfeldmarschall; Inspector-General of the Luftwaffe, responsible for aircraft production.
  • Wilhelm Mohnke - SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS. He was one of the original 120 members of the SS-Staff Guard (Stabswache) "Berlin" formed in March 1933. From those ranks, Mohnke rose to become the commander of the 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH) and later was one of Hitler's last remaining generals as commander of the Berlin government district, nicknamed Die Zitadelle (The Citadel), including the Reich Chancellery, Führerbunker and Reichstag.
  • Hermann Muhs - Minister responsible for church and religious affairs.
  • Heinrich Müller - SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. Head of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) under Reinhard Heydrich as chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA.

N

  • Alfred Naujoks - SS-Sturmbannführer and leader of the attack on the Gleiwitz radio station on the eve of World War II.
  • Arthur Nebe - SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. Berlin Police Commissioner in the 1920s and an early member of both the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the Schutzstaffel (SS), as well as President of Interpol (from June 1942-43). Nebe was appointed head of the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police) or Kripo under Heydrich as chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA. Executed in 1944 for alleged involvement in the July 20 Plot.
  • Konstantin von Neurath - Foreign Minister of Germany (1932-1938) and Reichsprotektor (Governor) of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1941).
  • Hans Nieland - Lord Mayor of Dresden from 1940 until 1945.

O

  • Herta Oberheuser - Doctor at the Ravensbrück concentration camp from 1940 until 1943. Was the only female defendant in the Nuremberg Medical Trial.
  • Otto Ohlendorf - SS-Gruppenführer and head of Inland-SD. The Inland-SD was a department of the RSHA and responsible for intelligence and security within Nazi Germany.

P

  • Artur Phleps - SS-Obergruppenführer. He saw action with the 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking, and later was commander of the 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen and the V SS Mountain Corps. He was killed in September 1944.
  • Paul Pleiger - State adviser and corporate general director.
  • Oswald Pohl - SS-Obergruppenführer. Organized and administrator of the concentration camps.
  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon - Supreme Leader of the SA from its re-founding in 1925 until his removal in 1930 and Hitler's personal assumption of the title.
  • Erich Priebke - Participant in the Ardeatine massacre in Rome on March 24, 1944.
  • Hans-Adolf Prützmann - Superior SS and Police Leader, and an SS-Obergruppenführer.

R

  • Erich RaederGroßadmiral, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1936-1943.
  • Friedrich Rainer - (July 28, 1903 – July 19, 1947) was a leader in the Nazi Party, as well as an Austrian State governor of Salzburg and Carinthia. He is the only Austrian governor who has ever held the same office in two separate states. He was a native of Sankt Veit an der Glan, located in the Austrian state of Carinthia.
  • Sigmund Rascher - (born February 12, 1909 in Munich, executed April 26, 1945 in the Dachau concentration camp) was a German SS doctor.
  • Walter Rauff - (Köthen, Germany June 19, 1906 – Santiago de Chile, May 14, 1984), was an SS officer in Nazi Germany, attaining the grade of Colonel (Standartenführer) in June 1944. From January 1938 he was an aide of Reinhard Heydrich firstly in the Sicherheitsdienst or SD, the SS security service, later in the Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA, the Reich Security Main Office, a department created by Himmler in 1939 grouping the Gestapo, SD and Kripo, the criminal police.
  • Hermann Rauschning - Nazi leader in Danzig
  • Walter Reder - SS-Sturmbannführer (Major) Walter Reder (4 February 1915 - 26 April 1991) was a German Waffen-SS officer who served with the 3.SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf and the 16.SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Reichsführer-SS. He was a Knight's Cross and German Cross in Gold winner. After the war he was convicted of war crimes in Italy.
  • Wilhelm Rediess - (10 October 1900 – 8 May 1945) was the SS and Police Leader during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. He was also the commanding General (Obergruppenführer) of all SS troops stationed in occupied Norway, assuming command on 22 June 1940 until his death in 1945.
  • Walter von Reichenau - Generalfeldmarschall and committed Nazi; he joined the Party in 1932 in violation of regulations and was one of the few ardent National Socialists among the Army's senior officers.
  • Fritz Reinhardt - (3 April 1895 in Ilmenau – 17 June 1969 in Regensburg) was a state secretary in the German Finance Ministry in the time of the Third Reich.
  • Adrian von Renteln - (September 15, 1897 - 1946) was a Nazi politician in Germany and General Commissioner of Lithuania.
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop - Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until 1945.
  • Ernst Röhm - a co-founder of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Battalion) or SA, the Nazi Party militia and later was the SA commander. In 1934, as part of the Night of the Long Knives, he was executed on Hitler's orders as a potential rival.
  • Alfred Rosenberg - Nazi "philosopher"
  • Erwin Rösener - SS-Obergruppenführer, Higher SS and Police Leader, Commander SS Upper Division Alpenland (1941 - 1945)
  • Ernst Rüdin - (April 19, 1874 - October 22, 1952), was a Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist and eugenicist. Rüdin was born in St. Gallen, Switzerland. He is known as one of the fathers of racial hygiene.
  • Bernhard Rust - Dr. Bernhard Rust (30 September 1883 — 8 May 1945) was Minister of Science, Education and National Culture (Reichserziehungsminister) in Nazi Germany.

S

  • Fritz Sauckel - Gauleiter of Thuringia, General Plenipotentiary for Labour Deployment (1942-45)
  • Paul Schäfer - (December 4, 1921 – April 24, 2010) was the founder and former leader of a sect and agricultural commune of German immigrants called Colonia Dignidad ("Dignity Colony")—later renamed Villa Baviera—located in the south of Chile, about 340 km south of Santiago. Investigations by Amnesty International and the Chilean National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Report have verified that Colonia Dignidad was used by DINA, the Chilean secret police, as a torture and detention centre during Augusto Pinochet's military dictatorship.
  • Gustav Adolf Scheel - (November 22, 1907 in Rosenberg, Baden – March 25, 1979 in Hamburg) was a German physician and "multifunctionary" in the time of the Third Reich (SA and SS member, Leader of the National Socialist Students' Federation, Organizer of the SD in the southwest, Superior SS and Police Leader in Salzburg, Gauleiter in Salzburg from November 1941). As commander of the Security Police and the SD, he organized in October 1940 the deportation of Karlsruhe's Jews to the death camps in the east.
  • Walther Schellenberg - SS-Brigadeführer who rose through the SS as Heydrich's deputy. In March 1942, he became Chief of Amt VI, Ausland-SD, foreign intelligence branch of the SD (which, by then, was a department of the RSHA). Later, following the abolition of the Abwehr in 1944, he became head of all foreign intelligence.
  • Hans Schemm - (6 October 1891 in Bayreuth – 5 March 1935 in Bayreuth) was a Gauleiter in Nazi Germany.
  • Wilhelm Schepmann - (17 June 1894 - 26 July 1970) was an SA officer (Obergruppenführer) in Nazi Germany and the last Stabschef (Chief of Staff) of the Nazi Stormtroopers.
  • Max Scheubner-Richter - senior most Nazi killed during the Beer Hall Putsch, ideologue and mentor to Alfred Rosenberg.
  • Baldur von Schirach - leader of Hitler Youth (1931-40), Gauleiter of Vienna (1940-45).
  • Franz Schlegelberger - (23 October 1876 – 14 December 1970) was State Secretary in the German Reich Ministry of Justice (RMJ) and served awhile as Justice Minister during the Third Reich. He was the highest-ranking defendant at the Judges' Trial in Nuremberg.
  • Carl Schmitt - (July 11, 1888 – April 7, 1985) was a German jurist, Catholic philosopher, political theorist, and professor of law. Schmitt published several essays, influential in the 20th century and beyond, on the mentalities that surround the effective wielding of political power. His ideas have attracted the attention of numerous philosophers and political theorists, including Walter Benjamin, Leo Strauss, Jacques Derrida, Étienne Balibar, Hannah Arendt, Giorgio Agamben, Antonio Negri, Gianfranco Miglio, Paolo Virno, Slavoj Žižek, Alain Badiou, Jacob Taubes, Chantal Mouffe, Eric Voegelin, Reinhart Koselleck and Paul Gottfried. Much of his work, especially from the Weimar period, remains both influential and controversial today.
  • Kurt Schmitt - (7 October, 1886 in Heidelberg – 2 November, 1950 in Heidelberg) was a German economic leader and the Reich Economy Minister.
  • Paul Schmitthenner - (15 December 1884 - 11 November 1972) was a German architect and city planner from Lauterbourg, Alsace-Lorraine, one of Adolf Hitler's architects. He graduated from the University of Stuttgart and later became a Professor there, where he formed together with Paul Bonatz the architectural style of the Stuttgart School. His belief that the traditional methods and styles in architecture revealed best the German character led to his appointment as expert group leader for fine arts in the Kampfbund. He believed that Schönheit ruht in Ordnung ("beauty lies in (geometric) order"). Schmitthenner was in open opposition to modern architects like Walter Gropius. For him, Goethe's cottage at Weimar was still the ideal type of the German residential building. However, despite official approval, his enthusiasm did not bring many large commissions. He was author of the book "Baugestaltung. Das Deutsche Wohnhaus", 1932. He had to leave his chair at the University after war without a pension and worked as an architect till the end of his life. In Stuttgart he built the "Königin-Olga-Bau" for the Dresdner Bank 1950.
  • Gertrud Scholtz-Klink - (February 9, 1902 - March 24, 1999; née Treusch) was a fervent National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) member and Reich's Women's Leader.
  • Julius Schreck - Co-founder of the SA, first commander of the SS. Later Hitler's personal chauffeur.
  • Franz Xaver Schwarz - National Treasurer of the NSDAP 1925-1945 and head of the Reichszeugmeisterei or National Material Control Office. Promoted to SS-Oberstgruppenführer in 1944.
  • Heinrich Schwarz - (June 14, 1906 in Munich – March 20, 1947 in Sandweier, executed) was camp commandant of Auschwitz III (Monowitz) in Nazi-occupied Poland.
  • Siegfried Seidl - (August 24, 1911 in Tulln, Lower Austria; then Austria-Hungary – February 4, 1947 in Vienna) was a World War II Commandant of the Theresienstadt concentration camp located in the present-day Czech Republic. He was later a convicted war criminal.
  • Franz Seldte - (29 June 1882 – 1 April 1947) was cofounder of the German Stahlhelm paramilitary organization, a Nazi politician, and Minister for Labour of the German Reich from 1933 to 1945.
  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart - Austrian Nazi; upon being appointed Chancellor in 1938 he invited in German troops resulting in his country's annexation. Later deputy to Hans Frank in the General Government of occupied Poland (1939-40), and Reichskommissar of the Netherlands (1940-44). Convicted of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
  • Gustav Simon - (2 August 1900, Saarbrücken – 18 December 1945)[1] was, as the Nazi Gauleiter in the Moselland Gau from 1940 until 1944, the Chief of the Civil Administration in Luxembourg, which was occupied at that time by Nazi Germany.
  • Franz Six - Chief of Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) which dealt with ideological tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic, anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring of Nazi indoctrination by the public.
  • Albert Speer - architect for Nazis' offices and residences, Party rallies and State buildings (1932-42), Minister of Armaments and War Production (1942-45).
  • Franz Stangl - (March 26, 1908 – June 28, 1971) was an Austrian-born SS commandant of the Sobibor and Treblinka extermination camps during the Holocaust. He was arrested in Brazil in 1967, extradited and tried in West Germany for the mass murder of 900,000 people, and in 1970 was found guilty and sentenced to the maximum penalty, life imprisonment. He died of heart failure half a year later.
  • Johannes Stark - (15 April 1874 – 21 June 1957) was a German physicist, and Physics Nobel Prize laureate who was closely involved with the Deutsche Physik movement under the Nazi regime.
  • Otto Steinbrinck - (born 19 December 1888 in Lippstadt, died 16 August 1949 in Landsberg am Lech) was a German industrialist and an accused in the Nuremberg Flick Trial.
  • Felix Steiner - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. He was chosen by Himmler to oversee the creation of, and command the volunteer Waffen-SS Division, 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking.
  • Walter Stennes - the Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA), who in the summer of 1930 and again in the spring of 1931 led a revolt against the NSDAP in Berlin as these SA members saw their organization as a revolutionary group, the vanguard of a socialist order that would overthrow the hated Republic. Both revolts were put down and Stennes was expelled from the Nazi Party. He left Germany in 1933 and worked as a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek.
  • Gregor Strasser - (also Straßer, see ß) (May 31, 1892 – June 30, 1934) was a politician of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). He was murdered in Berlin during the Night of the Long Knives.
  • Otto Strasser - (September 10, 1897 in Windsheim – August 27, 1974 in Munich) was a German politician and 'left-wing' member of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) who rejected some of Adolf Hitler's ideas and more right-wing economic tendencies. Strasser subsequently formed his own faction within the Nazi Party, along with his brother, Gregor Strasser, and eventually broke away from the Nazi Party altogether, forming the Black Front.
  • Julius Streicher - founder and editor of anti-semitic Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (1923-1945), Gauleiter of Franconia (1929-40).
  • Jürgen Stroop - SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei. Stroop's most prominent role was the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an action which cost the lives of over 50,000 people.
  • Wilhelm Stuckart - (November 16, 1902 – November 15, 1953) was a Nazi Party lawyer and official, a state secretary in the German Interior Ministry and later, a convicted war criminal.
  • Otto von Stülpnagel - (16 June 1878 – 6 February 1948) was the German military commander of France during the Second World War.
  • Friedrich Syrup - (9 October 1881 – ca. 31 August 1945) was a German jurist and politician.

T

  • Josef Terboven - (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar during the German occupation of Norway.
  • Otto Georg Thierack - (19 April 1889 – 22 November 1946) was a Nazi jurist and politician.
  • Fritz Todt - civil engineer, Director of the Head Office for Engineering, General Commissioner for the Regulation of the Construction Industry, and founder and head of Organisation Todt. He died in a plane crash in February, 1942. He was (posthumously) the first recipient of the German Order.
  • Adolf von Trotha - (March 1, 1868, Koblenz – October 11, 1940) was a German admiral in the Kaiserliche Marine from Koblenz, Rhenish Prussia.
  • Hans von Tschammer und Osten - (25 October 1887 in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony - died 25 March 1943) was a German sport official, SA leader and a member of the Reichstag. He was married to Sophie Margarethe von Carlowitz.

V

  • Xavier Vallat - (July 7, 1891 - January 6, 1972), French politician, was Commissioner-General for Jewish Questions in the wartime Vichy collaborationist government, and was sentenced after World War II to ten years in prison for his part in the persecution of French Jews.

W

  • Otto Wagener, soldier and economist. Was successively Chief of Staff of the SA, head of the Party Economic Policy Section, and Reich Commissar for the Economy. Subsequently served at the front, reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
  • Adolf Wagner - Gauleiter of München-Oberbayern and Bavarian Interior Minister
  • Gerhard Wagner - (18 August 1888 in Neu-Heiduk, Upper Silesia, now in Poland – 25 March 1939 in Munich) was the first Reich Doctors' Leader (Reichsärzteführer) in the time of Nazi Germany.
  • Josef Wagner - (12 January 1899 – 22 April or 2 May 1945) was from 1928 the Nazi Gauleiter of the Gau of Westphalia-South, and as of January 1935 also of the Gau of Silesia.
  • Robert Heinrich Wagner - (13 October 1895 – 14 August 1946) was Gauleiter of Baden[1] and Head of the Civil Government of Alsace during the German occupation of France in World War II.
  • Wilhelm Weiß - (31 March 1892 in Stadtsteinach – 24 February 1950 in Wasserburg am Inn) was, in the time of the Third Reich, an SA Obergruppenführer as well as editor-in-chief of the Nazi Party's official newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter
  • Horst Wessel - Sturmführer in the Berlin SA and author of the Horst-Wessel-Lied ("Die Fahne Hoch"), the Party anthem. Elevated to martyr status by Nazi propaganda after his 1930 murder– by Communists, according to the Nazis, or by a rival pimp, according to their opponents.
  • Karl Maria Wiligut - (alias Weisthor, Jarl Widar, Lobesam and Karl Maria Weisthor) (December 10, 1866, Vienna - January 3, 1946) was an Austrian Ariosophist
  • Max Winkler - (7 September 1875 - 12 October 1961) was Mayor of Graudenz (now Grudziądz, Poland), Reich Trustee and Reich Commissioner for German Cinema.
  • Christian Wirth - SS-Obersturmführer. He was a senior German police and SS officer during the program to exterminate the Jewish people of occupied Poland during World War II, known as "Operation Reinhard". Wirth was a top aide of Odilo Globocnik, the overall director of "Operation Reinhard" (Aktion Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhard).
  • Hermann Wirth - (alternatively referred to as Herman Wirth Roeper Bosch, or Herman Felix Wirth or Hermann) (6 May 1885 Utrecht - 16 February 1981, Kusel) was a Dutch-German lay historian and scholar of ancient religions and symbols.
  • Eduard Wirths - (September 4, 1909 – September 20, 1945) was the Chief SS doctor (SS-Standortarzt) at the Auschwitz concentration camp from September 1942 to January 1945. Thus, Wirths had formal responsibility for everything undertaken by the nearly 20 SS doctors (including Josef Mengele, Horst Schumann and Carl Clauberg) who worked in the medical sections of Auschwitz between 1942–1945.
  • Karl Wolff - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender of all the forces in the Southwest Front.
  • Alfred Wünnenberg - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS und der Polizei. Commander of the SS-Polizei-Division, 1941-1943; Chief of the Ordnungspolizei, 1943–1945 after Kurt Daluege suffered a massive heart attack.

Z

  • Adolf Ziegler - (Bremen, 16 October 1892 – Varnhalt, today Baden-Baden, 18 September 1959) was a German painter and politician. He was tasked by the Nazi Party to oversee the purging of "Degenerate art", made by most of the German modern artists. He was the favoured painter of Hitler.
  • Franz Ziereis commandant Mauthausen concentration camp




A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T  | V | WZ



Published - June 2011






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