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Sawmills eTool: Glossary



By U.S. Department of Labor,
Occupational Safety & Health Administration,
Constitution Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20210, U.S.A.

http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/sawmills/definitions.html






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A-frame. The term "A-frame" means a structure made of two independent columns fastened together at the top and separated at the bottom for stability.


Annealing. The term "annealing" means heating then cooling to soften and render less brittle.


Binder. The term "binder" means a chain, cable, rope, or other approved material used for binding loads.


Boom. The term "boom" means logs or timbers fastened together end to end and used to contain floating logs. The term includes enclosed logs.


Brow log. The term "brow log" means a log placed parallel to a roadway at a landing or dump to protect vehicles while loading or unloading.


Bunk. The term "bunk" means a cross support for a load.


Cant. The term "cant" means a log slabbed on one or more sides.


Carriage (log carriage). The term "carriage" means a framework mounted on wheels which runs on tracks or in grooves in a direction parallel to the face of the saw, and which contains apparatus to hold a log securely and advance it towards the saw.


Carrier. The term "carrier" means an industrial truck so designed and constructed that it straddles the load to be transported with mechanisms to pick up the load and support it during transportation.


Chipper. The term "chipper" means a machine which cuts material into chips.


Chock (bunk block) (cheese block). The terms "chock", "bunk block", and "cheese block" mean a wedge that prevents logs or loads from moving.


Cold deck. The term "cold deck" means a pile of logs stored for future removal.


Crotch lines. The term "crotch lines" means two short lines attached to a hoisting line by a ring or shackle, the lower ends being attached to loading hooks.


Dog (carriage dog). The term "dog" means a steel tooth, one or more of which are attached to each carriage knee to hold log firmly in place on carriage.


Drag saw. The term "drag saw" means a power-driven, reciprocating crosscut saw mounted on suitable frame and used for bucking logs.


Head block. The term "head block" means that part of a carriage which holds the log and upon which it rests. It generally consists of base, knee, taper set, and mechanism.


Head rig. The term "head rig" means a combination of head saw and log carriage used for the initial breakdown of logs into timbers, cants, and boards.


Hog. The term "hog" means a machine for cutting or grinding slabs and other coarse residue from the mill.


Husk. The term "husk" means a head saw framework on a circular mill.


Industrial truck. The term "industrial truck" means a mobile power driven truck or tractor.


Kiln tender. The term "kiln tender" means the operator of a kiln.


Lift truck. The term "lift truck" means an industrial truck used for lateral transportation and equipped with a power-operated lifting device, usually in the form of forks, for piling or unpiling lumber units or packages.


Live rolls. The term "live rolls" means cylinders of wood or metal mounted on horizontal axes and rotated by power, which are used to convey slabs, lumber, and other wood products.


Loading boom. The term "loading boom" means any structure projecting from a pivot point to guide a log when lifted.


Log deck. The term "Log deck" means a platform in the sawmill on which the logs remain until needed for sawing.


Lumber hauling truck. The term "lumber hauling truck" means an industrial truck, other than a lift truck or a carrier, used for the transport of lumber.


Log haul. The term "log haul" means a conveyor for transferring logs to mill.


Package. The term "package" means a unit of lumber.


Peavy. The term "peavy" means a stout wooden handle fitted with a spike and hook and used for rolling logs.


Pike pole. The term "pike pole" means a long pole whose end is shod with a sharp pointed spike.


Pitman rod. The term "pitman rod" means connecting rod.


Resaw. The term "resaw" means band, circular, or sash gang saws used to break down slabs, cants, or flitches into lumber.


Running line. The term "running line" means any moving rope as distinguished from a stationary rope such as a guyline.


Safety factor. The term "safety factor" means a calculated reduction factor which may be applied to laboratory test values to obtain safe working stresses for wooden beams and other mechanical members; ratio of breaking load to safe load.


Saw guide. The term "saw guide" means a device for steadying a circular or band saw.


Setwork. The term "setwork" means a mechanism on a sawmill carriage which enables an operator to move the log into position for another cut.


Sorting gaps. The term "sorting gaps" means the areas on a log pond enclosed by boom sticks into which logs are sorted.


Spreader wheel. The term "spreader wheel" means a metal wheel that separates the board from the log in back of circular saws to prevent binding.


Splitter. The term "splitter" means a knife-type, non-rotating spreader.


Sticker. The term "sticker" means a strip of wood or other material used to separate layers of lumber.


Stiff boom. The term "stiff boom" means the anchored, stationary boom sticks which are tied together and on which boom men work.


Swifter. The term "swifter" is a means of tying boom sticks together to prevent them from spreading while being towed.


Telltale. The term "telltale" means a device used to serve as a warning for overhead objects.


Top saw. The term "top saw" means the upper of two circular saws on a head rig, both being on the same husk.


Tramway. The term "tramway" means a way for trams, usually consisting of parallel tracks laid on wooden beams.


Trestle. The term "trestle" means a braced framework of timbers, piles or steelwork for carrying a road or railroad over a depression.




Source: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/sawmills/definitions.html






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