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Abstract Art – Artistic movement that involves expression that is spontaneous and does not contain specific images or ideas, but instead utilizes abstract vision and thought.
Academic Art – Art that is created at or for an educational institution. Often, this form of art is considered less original and creative than most.
Achromatic – Lacking hue or color; art that is typically black, white, or grey in color scale.
Action Painting – A painting that reflects the artist's physical movement while painting such as bold brush strokes, etc.
Aesthetic – Term relating to the beauty or visual appeal of artwork.
Balance – Another word for symmetry when applied to art.
Baroque – Term used to describe 17th century European art movement.
Bauhaus – German art school of thought developed from 1919-1933.
Binder – Substance used in paint to help bond pigments and paint together.
Canvas – Material used to paint on; canvas can come in rolls or on stretched pieces of wood.
Calligraphy – The art of beautiful writing using a brush or special pen to create a flowing text type.
Caricature – A form of art where peoples’ portraits are painted in a cartoon-like manner.
Carving – Art form where a sculpture or relief is created using wood, clay, or other materials, using sharp tools.
Ceramic – Medium used to create sculptures; this substance is baked, painted and glazed.
Collage – The method of gluing or attaching items from a magazine or other format together to form many pictures onto one.
Curvilinear – Something created by using curved edges.
Dadaism – Artistic movement that has an anarchistic style and anti-militarism style, founded in Switzerland.
Design – The process of composition and style within the realm of artwork.
Dome – Architectural term referring to a half-moon roof or top of a building.
Earth Art – The creation of sculptures or other works of art using natural elements such as grass, rocks, etc.
Edition – Refers to the number of prints made of a certain piece of art, usually numbered individually and made in limited quantities.
Engraving – Process of carving into wood or rubber to create a print or sculpture.
Etching – Artistic process that involves carving into glass or wood, and using wax to protect the carved portion. Then, acid is poured onto the block, resulting in raised portions creating a stamp or template for printmaking.
Eye Level – The height at which someone can see an object without having to look up or down.
Façade – Term to describe the front side of a building.
Figure – An individual sculpture, or a shape that stands out from the background in a drawing or painting.
Folk Art – Handmade art or crafts that are created by everyday people.
Gouache – Paint that is both opaque and water soluble.
Glaze – Liquid used to cover ceramics or pottery that creates a shine. Glaze can be clear or contain pigments and colors.
Gothic – Architectural style that is typically European such as medieval castles or structures.
Hatching – The use of parallel lines to create shading or darker portions of a drawing.
Hue – Term used to describe various color combinations and tones such as violet or red.
Humanism – Art form that focuses on humanity and individuals versus simple abstract thought or landscapes.
Icon – A figure or symbol, often used to refer to religious themed subjects.
Intaglio – Printmaking term used to describe the transfer of ink onto paper that is below the printing plate such as an etching.
Intensity – The level of brightness or darkness of a color or shade.
Kiln – Oven used to fire pottery.
Kinetic Art – Term used to describe art that moves such as a mobile.
Lens – Part of the camera that allows the photographer to see and focus on an image.
Loom – Tool used in weaving and rug making that allows the artist to loop cloth or yarn together.
Lumina – The use of light to serve as an art medium.
Mass – Having bulk; In art, mass is used to signify a two-dimensional form.
Matte – A dull color or surface used in painting or ceramics; the opposite of shiny.
Medium – The material used to make art such as paint, ceramic, paper, etc.
Minimalism – Style of art that became popular in the 1960s and involves use of white space and less color or too many objects at once.
Mixed Media – The use of more than one medium to create a piece of art.
Modeling – Using clay or another medium to create a shape or rough sculpture.
Monochromatic – The use of one particular shade, color, or hue in a piece of art.
Mosaic – Use of many small stone or glass tiles or pieces put together to create a larger picture.
Mural – A very large painting, usually on a wall or side of a building.
Naïve Art – Term used to describe art created by people with no training or prior artistic experience.
Neutrals – Colors that do not adhere to a particular hue such as grays or blacks.
Offset Printing – Describes a printing process where images on plates transfer ink to a cylinder that offsets the ink onto the paper to create a print.
Oil Paint – Type of paint that contains linseed oil and produces textured paintings.
Opaque – Doe not allow light to come through; the opposite of translucent.
Pastel – A very pale color or tinted color.
Performance Art – Theater or dance, usually performed in a casual setting.
Photorealism – A style of painting that involves the use of photography, and painting the object just as it appears in the photo.
Pigment – A color or material used to create a color of paint.
Polychromatic – The use of several different colors within a painting or other form of art.
Pop Art – Style of art that was adopted in the 1960's and involves popular culture related themes. Andy Warhol is an example of an artist who creates pop art.
Primary Colors – Colors that are the most basic of all hues, i.e. blue, red, green, or yellow.
Print – A reproduction of an artist's original work, usually using a wood or rubber block , and typically numbered in limited editions.
Proportion – The ratio of an object in respect to other objects within the frame.
Realism – An artistic movement in which artists draw or paint whatever they see without adding any additional interpretation to it.
Relief Sculpture – A three-dimensional sculpture that arises out of a flat surface, often seen in old architecture.
Reproduction – A copy or reproduced piece of art. This is not the same as an art print.
Romanticism – European art movement that exhibited luaxurious and decadent themes in nature, beauty, and emotion.
Scale – The relationship between the size of the art object and its actual size, or the size in relationship to other objects within the painting or picture.
Screenprinting – Printing process that involves using a stencil and a frame in which the ink or paint is squeezed through onto the paper or fabric.
Secondary Color – A color that involves the combining of primary colors together to make it.
Shade – A hue or color with black added to change its depth or darkness.
Still-life – Any painting or drawing that represents an inanimate object such as food, vases, or other things that are not alive.
Stupa – Early form of Buddhist architecture.
Style – Descriptive term to define a type of art that reflects a time period, movement, emotion, or other type of culture.
Surrealism – Art movement that began in the 1920s and reflects the unconscious or dream state as reflected in art.
Symbol – Any item or object in art that represents something else other than what it literally appears as.
Symmetry – The evenness of an object in art from one side to the other; balance.
Texture – The touchable surface of artwork and how it feels to the hand, or applying this aspect to the appearance of the object.
Three-dimensional – Object that has depth, width, and height.
Tint – A color or hue that has white added to change its lightness or darkness.
Two-Dimensional – Object that only has height and width, but no depth.
Unity – Artwork that uses different factors, emotions, and objects to form one concept or theme.
Value – The lightness or darkness of an object's color.
Vantage Point – The perspective or angle from which one sees something.
Visualize – Tactic used in art to help imagine or "see" something within one's mind so it can be translated onto the artwork.
Warm Colors – A section of colors on the color wheel that fall into the browns and yellows section.
Watercolor – A water soluble paint.
Woodcut – A relief print made from blocks of wood.
Please feel free to print out any of these resources at home. Before you do, be sure to stock up on high quality remanufactured inkjet and toner cartridges.
Published - December 2011