Fall Protection Glossary
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The fall protection industry is full of complex terminology that at times
can be perplexing. The Rigid Lifelines™ glossary provides definitions
to a variety of fall protection industry and Rigid Lifelines™ fall protection
Acronym that stands for the American National Standards Institute. Founded
in 1918, ANSI oversees the implementation of thousands of directives for
the U.S. marketplace. ANSI issues the nationally recognized Fall Protection
Code ANSI Z359, written by the ASSE Z359 Fall Protection Code committee.
Ceiling Mounted Monorail -
A ceiling installed horizontal fall arrest system that utilizes a rolling
trolley attachment point that moves back and forth inside of an enclosed
track or rail.
Enclosed Track -
Refers to a fall protection system component that has been manufactured
by rolling metal through sequential dyes to form an enclosed shape. The
shape captures the trolley within a defined path, making it a track.
Fall Arrest -
A type of fall protection that stops (hopefully safely) a freefall through
Fall Arrester -
A slang term used by workers to describe a fall arrest system or some
Fall Arrest Harness -
A body support designed to contain the torso and distribute the fall arrest
forces over at least the upper thighs, pelvis, chest, and shoulders.
Fall Arrest System -
An active fall protection system that stops a person’s fall that has already
occurred, preventing impact at a lower level.
Fall Protection -
The backup system planned for a worker who could lose his or her balance
at a height; its purpose is to eliminate or control potential injury
Fall Protection Harness -
An umbrella term used to describe a body support designed for use as part
of fall arrest, or fall restraint, or work positioning system. The location
of the harness connector (like a D-ring) is a common differentiator between
styles of fall protection harnesses.
Fall Protection System -
A general term that covers all methods of protecting workers from falls
Fall Restraint -
A type of fall protection with a fixed length lanyard that keeps a worker’s
center of gravity from reaching a fall hazard.
Fall Restraint System -
An active fall protection system that prevents a person from reaching
a fall hazard. A fall restraint system would typically be provided by
a fixed-length lanyard and a body harness or body belt, where the lanyard
acts as a leash, preventing the worker from reaching the leading edge.
Fold-Away Fall Protection System -
A horizontal fall arrest system made up of two or more swinging cantilevered
arms that support an enclosed track or rail with a rolling trolley attachment
point. These systems can be mounted to walls, building columns, or freestanding
Freestanding Monorail -
A horizontal fall arrest system with single or multiple ground level foundational
supports. These systems are engineered with structural braces that accommodate
an enclosed track with a rolling trolley attachment point.
Horizontal Fall Arrest -
A style of fall arrest that involves using a horizontal system designed
to stop a fall from height. Other styles of fall arrest include vertical
and immovable point.
Horizontal Lifeline -
A generic term used to describe various types of horizontal fall protection
Industrial Fall Protection -
Used to describe approaches to protecting workers from falls in the industrial
Acronym that stands for Occupational Safety & Health Administration.
OSHA was formed in 1971 following Congress’s implementation of the OSHact
in 1970. OSHA’s mission is to prevent work-related deaths, injuries, and
illnesses by issuing and enforcing regulations geared toward promoting
Portable Gantry Fall Protection System -
A gantry style horizontal fall arrest system that provides moveable fall
protection over an open path. These systems are designed with two legs
and a beam that supports an enclosed track or rail with a rolling trolley
Portable Monorail -
A horizontal fall arrest system engineered with a cantilevered structure
that supports an enclosed track or rail with a rolling trolley attachment
point. The system is easily repositionable with a fork truck or some other
Safety Lanyard -
Component of a fall protection system that lessens fall forces generated
during a fall. Safety lanyards come in different styles and lengths. The
two most common types of safety lanyards include “ripstitch” energy absorbing
Energy Absorbing Lanyard -
A type of safety lanyard that lessens fall forces by ripping stitched
Swing Arm Fall Protection System -
A horizontal fall arrest system that utilizes an enclosed track or rail
with a rolling trolley attachment point that is mounted on the underside
of a single swinging cantilever arm. Swing arm systems can be mounted
to walls and columns, or they can be mounted to the floor in a freestanding
Swing Fall Hazard -
A type of fall hazard encountered when the potential exists for an individual
to walk away from their overhead attachment point and fall, causing them
to swing back towards the attachment point and hit an obstacle.
Traveling Bridge Fall Protection System -
A horizontal fall arrest system made up of two runways and a bridge. The
bridge is attached to the runways with a pair of end trucks. The end trucks
have wheels on them that allow the bridge to move the entire length of
the runways. The bridge is traversed by a rolling trolley attachment point.
A dual axis of movement is provided by the bridge and runways and allows
for the fall arrest attachment point to be centered over the user’s head
at all times.
Wall Traveling Fall Protection Systems -
A horizontal fall arrest system designed with a tie rod supported arm
that is traversed by a rolling trolley attachment point. The entire assembly
can travel along runways attached to a support wall.
Published - August 2011
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