Nazi Party Leaders and Officials Glossary
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A list of Nazi Party (NSDAP) leaders and officials.
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- Gunter d'Alquen
- Chief Editor of the SS official newspaper, Das Schwarze Korps
("The Black Corps"), and commander of the SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers.
von Alvensleben - commander of the SS and police in Crimea and commander
of the Selbstschutz (self-defense) of the Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia.
- Max Amann - Head of Nazi publishing
- Benno von Arent - Responsible for art, theatres, and movies in the Third Reich.
- Heinz Auerswald
- Commissioner for the Jewish residential district in Warsaw from April
1941 to November 1942.
- Hans Aumeier - deputy
commandant at Auschwitz
- Artur Axmann - Chief
of the Social Office of the Reich Youth Leadership. Leader of the Hitler
Youth from 1940 through war's end in 1945.
- Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski - Commander of the "Bandenkämpfverbände" SS units responsible for the mass murder of 35,000 civilians in Riga and more than 200,000 in Belarus and eastern Poland.
- Herbert Backe - Minister of Food (appointed 1942) and Minister of Agriculture (appointed 1943).
- Richard Baer - Commander
of the Auschwitz I concentration camp from May 1944 to February 1945.
- Alfred Baeumler
- Philosopher who interpreted the works of Friedrich Nietzsche in order
to legitimize Nazism.
- Klaus Barbie - Head
of the Gestapo in Lyon. Nicknamed "the Butcher of Lyon" for his use
of torture on prisoners.
- Josef Berchtold - Very early Party member, and the second Reichsführer-SS from 1926-27.
- Gottlob Berger -
Chief of Staff for Waffen SS and head of the SS's main leadership office.
- Werner Best -
SS-Obergruppenführer and Civilian administrator of Nazi occupied France
- Hans Biebow - Chief of
Administration of the Łódź Ghetto.
- Paul Blobel -
SS commander primarily responsible for the Babi Yar massacre at Kiev.
von Blomberg - Generalfeldmarschall, Defence Minister 1933-1935,
Minister of War and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces 1935-1938.
Forced out in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair
- Hans-Friedrich Blunck - Propagandist and head of the Reich Literature Chamber between 1933 and 1935.
- Ernst Boepple
- State Secretary of the General Government in Poland, serving as deputy
to Deputy Governor Josef Bühler. Deeply implicated in the "Final Solution"
- Ernst Wilhelm Bohle - leader of the Foreign Organization of the German Nazi Party from 1933 until 1945.
- Martin Bormann
- Head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and private secretary
to Adolf Hitler.
- Philipp Bouhler
- Chief of the Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP and leader of
the Action T4 euthanasia program.
- Viktor Brack - Organiser
of the Euthanasia Programme, Operation T4 and one of the men responsible
for the gassing of Jews in the extermination camps.
- Otto Bradfisch
- Commander of the Security Police in Łódź and Potsdam.
- Karl Brandt - Personal physician of Adolf Hitler in August 1944 and headed the administration of the Nazi euthanasia program from 1939.
von Brauchitsch - Generalfeldmarschall, Commander-in-Chief of the
German Army 1938-1941.
von Braun - Aerospace engineer; head of the V-2 rocket program at
Peenemunde. Subsequenly worked for the US Army and NASA, designing America's
pioneering rockets including the Redstone, Atlas and Saturn V
- Alois Brunner - Commander
of the Drancy internment camp outside Paris from June 1943 to August
1944. Reportedly "the world's highest-ranking Nazi fugitive believed
- Walter Buch - Jurist and
supreme magistrate of the Nazi party.
- Josef Bühler
- State secretary for the Nazi-controlled General Government in Kraków
during World War II.
- Josef Bürckel
- Politician and leading member of the Schutzstaffel from November 1937.
- Anton Burger - Commandant
of Concentration camp Theresienstadt between 1943 and 1944.
- Herr Carlton - Noted Nazi Liberal professor of politics.
- Werner Catel - Professor
of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Leipzig, considered
an expert on the programme of euthanasia for children and participated
in the T-4 Program.
- Carl Clauberg - Doctor who conducted medical experiments on human beings in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
- Leonardo Conti - Head of the Reich Physicians' Chamber (Reichsärztekammer) and leader of the National Socialist German Doctors' League (Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Ärztebund or NSDÄB).
- Kurt Daluege
- was a SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst der Polizei as chief
of the Ordnungspolizei (Order/uniformed Police) and ruled the Protectorate
Bohemia and Moravia as Acting Protector after Reinhard Heydrich's assassination.
- Richard Walther Darré - Minister of Food and Agriculture from 1933 to 1942.
- Rudolf Diels - was a
German politician. A protégé of Hermann Göring, Diels was the first
director of the Gestapo from 1933 to 1 April 1934.
"Sepp" Dietrich - rose to the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer in the
Waffen-SS; was the original commander of Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler
(LSSAH), and later commander of the 6th SS Panzer Army.
- Otto Dietrich - Press Chief of the Third Reich.
- Oskar Dirlewanger
- Commanded the infamous SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger unit made
out of amnestied Germans convicted of major crimes.
- Karl Dönitz
— Großadmiral, Führer der Unterseeboote (Commander of Submarines)
1936-1943, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1943-1945,
last President of the Third Reich following Hitler's suicide.
- Anton Drexler - Politician and member of the Nazi party through the 1920s. Responsible for changing the name of the Party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) early in 1920.
- Irmfried Eberl -
Commandant of Treblinka, July to September 1942.
- Dietrich Eckart
- Important early member of the National-Socialist German Workers' Party
and a participant of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch.
- Adolf Eichmann - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Official in charge of the facilitation and transportation of the Jews to ghettos and extermination camps.
- Theodor Eicke - SS-Obergruppenführer.
He was a leading figure in the establishment of the concentration camps
in Nazi Germany and later the commander of the 3rd Waffen-SS Division
- August Eigruber
- Gauleiter of Oberdonau (Upper Danube) and Landeshauptmann of Upper
- Hermann Esser - Propagandist
and editor of Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter.
- Richard Euringer - Writer who selected 18,000 "unsuitable" books which did not conform to Nazi ideology and were publicly burned.
- Franz Ritter von Epp - General of the German army.
- Gottfried Feder - Economic theorist and one of the early leaders of the NSDAP.
- Karl Fiehler - Lord Mayor of Munich from 1933 until 1945.
- Albert Forster -
Politician and governor of the province Danzig-West Prussia from 1939-1945
- Hans Frank - Governor-General
of occupied Poland and involved in perpetration of the Holocaust.
Hermann Frank - SS-Obergruppenführer and prominent Sudeten-German
Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II.
- Roland Freisler
- State Secretary of Adolf Hitler's Reich Ministry of Justice and President
of the Volksgerichtshof. He sentenced hundreds of people to their deaths,
including Sophie Scholl, and various members of the July 20 Plot. He
was killed while returning to collect some files during an air raid
- Wilhelm Frick - Minister of the Interior until August 1943 and later appointed to the ceremonial post of Protector of Bohemia and Moravia.
von Fritsch - Generaloberst, Commander-in-Chief of the Army 1935-1938.
Forced out in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair.
- Hans Fritzsche - Senior official at the Ministry for Propaganda.
- Walther Funk - Minister for Economic Affairs from 1937 to 1945.
- Karl Gebhardt
- Personal physician of Heinrich Himmler and one of the main perpetrators
of surgical experiments performed on inmates of the concentration camps
at Ravensbrück and Auschwitz.
- Achim Gercke
- Expert of racial matters at the Ministry of the Interior. Devised
the system of "racial prophylaxis" forbidding the intermarriage between
Jews and Aryans.
- Kurt Gerstein - SS
officer and member of the Institute for Hygiene of the Waffen-SS. He
witnessed mass murders in the Nazi extermination camps. He gave information
to the Swedish diplomat Göran von Otter as well as members of the Roman
Catholic Church in order to inform the international public about the
Holocaust. In 1945 he authored the Gerstein Report about the
Holocaust. Afterward he allegedly committed suicide while in French
- Herbert Otto Gille - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. As a winner of the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds and the German Cross in Gold, he became the most highly decorated member of the Waffen SS during World War II.
- Odilo Globocnik - SS-Obergruppenführer. He was a prominent Austrian Nazi and later an SS leader in Poland. Head of "Operation Reinhard" and one of the persons responsible for the murder of millions of people during the Holocaust.
- Richard Glücks - SS officer and inspector of concentration camps.
- Joseph Goebbels - One of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devout followers, he was known for his zealous oratory and anti-Semitism. Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda throughout the Third Reich and World War II. Named Chancellor of the Reich in Hitler's will, a position he held for only one day before his own suicide.
Göring - He was Hitler's designated successor (until expelled from
office in April 1945), and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force).
As Reichsmarschall he was the highest-ranking military officer
in the Third Reich; he was also the sole holder of the Grand Cross of
the Iron Cross. He was sentenced to death by the Nuremburg Tribunal
but committed suicide before he could be hanged. He was a veteran of
the First World War as an ace fighter pilot, a participant in the Beer
Hall Putsch, and the founder of the Gestapo.
- Amon Göth
- SS-Hauptsturmführer. He was the commandant of the Nazi concentration
camp at Płaszów, General Government
(a German occupied area of Poland).
- Robert Ritter von Greim - German Field Marshal, pilot and the last commander of the Luftwaffe succeeding Hermann Göring in the last days of World War II.
- Arthur Greiser
- Chief of Civil Administration and Gauleiter in the military district
of Greater Poland.
Groß - He was chief of the Racial Policy Office of the Nazi
Party (NSDAP). Implicated in the Final Solution.
- Kurt Gruber - First chairman
of the Hitler Youth (1926-1931).
- Hans Friedrich
Karl Günther - Academic teaching racial theories and eugenics.
- Franz Gürtner
- Minister of Justice responsible for co-ordinating jurisprudence in
the Third Reich.
- Werner von Gilsa - Infantry General.
- Eugen Hadamovsky - National programming director for German radio and chief of staff in the Nazi Party's Central Propaganda Office (Reichspropagandaleitung) in Berlin from 1942-1944.
- Ernst Hanfstaengl
- Confidante and early supporter of Adolf Hitler.
- Karl Hanke - He
served as Governor (Gauleiter) of Lower Silesia from 1941 to 1945 and
as the final Reichsführer-SS (after Himmler was expelled by Hitler)
for a few days in 1945.
Hartjenstein - SS-Obersturmbannführer. Concentration camp commandant
at Birkenau, Natzweiler and Flossenbürg.
- Paul Hausser - SS-Oberstgruppenführer und Generaloberst der Waffen-SS. First commander of the military SS-Verfügungstruppe that grew into the Waffen-SS, in which Hausser was a prominent field commander.
- Franz Hayler - State Secretary and acting Reich Economics Minister during the latter part of World War II.
- Martin Heidegger - Eminent philosopher, NSDAP member and outspoken Hitler supporter
- Erhard Heiden - Founding member of the Schutzstaffel (SS), and its third Reichsführer from 1927-29.
- August Heißmeyer - Leading member of the SS.
- Rudolf Hess (not
to be confused with Rudolf Höß) - Deputy Führer to Hitler
until his flight to Scotland on the eve of war with the Soviet Union
- Walther Hewel - Diplomat
and personal friend of Hitler.
- Werner Heyde - Psychiatrist and one of the main organizers of the T-4 Euthanasia Program.
Heydrich - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei, chief of
the RSHA or Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office: including
the Gestapo, SD and Kripo police agencies) and Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor
(Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia. He was the "right-hand
man" to Himmler, and considered a principal architect of the Night of
the Long Knives and the Final Solution. Assassinated in 1942 by British-trained
- Konstantin Hierl
- Head of the Reichsarbeitsdienst and an associate of Adolf Hitler before
he came to power.
- Erich Hilgenfeldt - Head of the Nazi's Office For People's Welfare.
- Heinrich Himmler
- Reichsführer-SS. As head of the SS, Chief of the German Police and
later the Minister of the Interior, he was one of the most powerful
men in the Third Reich.
- Hans Hinkel Journalist and commissioner at the Reich Ministry for the People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
- August Hirt - Chairman at the Reich University in Strasbourg during World War II.
- Adolf Hitler - politician and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945, with the title of Chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and with the title head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945.
- Hermann Höfle
- Deputy to Odilo Globocnik in the Aktion Reinhard program. Played a
key role in the "Harvest Festival" massacre of Jewish inmates of the
various labour camps in the Lublin district in early November 1943.
Höß (not to be confused with Rudolf Hess) - SS-Obersturmbannführer.
Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp.
- Franz Hofer -
Gauleiter of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg regions.
- Adolf Hühnlein - Korpsführer (Corps Leader) of the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), from 1934 until his death in 1942.
- Karl Holz - protege of Julius
Streicher, succeeded Streichetr as Gauleiter of Franconia.
- Karl Jäger
- SS officer and Einsatzkommando leader and author of the "Jäger
Report" detailing reports of mass murder in Lithuania between July and
- Friedrich Jeckeln
- Leader of one of the largest collection of Einsatzgruppen and personally
responsible for ordering the deaths of over 100,000 Jews, Slavs, Roma,
and other "undesirables."
- Alfred Jodl -
Generaloberst and Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces
High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, or OKW) during World War II,
acting as deputy to Wilhelm Keitel.
- Hanns Johst - Playwright
and Poet Laureate of the Nazi party.
- Hans Jüttner
- SS-Obergruppenführer. Head of the SS-Führungshauptamt (SS
Leadership Main Office) or SS-FHA.
- Rudolf Jung - An instrumental force and agitator of German-Czech National Socialism and, later on, a member of the German Nazi Party.
- Ernst Kaltenbrunner
- SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei und Waffen-SS. Chief
of the RSHA (Reich Main Security Office) a main section of the SS, after
Heydrich's death in June 1942 to the end of World War II.
- Hans Kammler- SS Construction
projects and V-2 program
- Herbert Ritter von Karajan - prominent Austrian-born musical conductor and DNSAP/NSDAP member. He conducted the Berlin Philharmonic orchestra for 35 years. He is the top-selling classical music recording artist of all time, having sold an estimated 200 million records.
Kasche - German Minister Plenipotentiary to their ally the Independent
State of Croatia.
- Emil Kaschub - Doctor who conducted experiments on Nazi concentration camp prisoners.
- Karl Kaufmann - Founding member of the Nazi party and Gauleiter of Hamburg.
- Wilhelm Keitel - Field marshal (Generalfeldmarschall). Head of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High Command of the Armed Forces) during World War II.
- Hanns Kerrl - Reichsminister of Church Affairs for the Third Reich.
- Dietrich Klagges
- Premier of the Duchy of Brunswick between 1933 and 1945.
- Matthias Kleinheisterkamp
- Hans Ulrich Klintzsch - Second head of the SA, 1921-23
- Helmut Knochen -
Senior commander of the Sicherheitspolizei (Security Police) in Paris
during the Nazi occupation of France.
- Erich Koch - Gauleiter
of the NSDAP in East Prussia from 1928 until 1945, and Reichskomissar
in Ukraine from 1941 until 1944.
- Ilse Koch - Wife of Karl Koch. Infamous for taking tattooed skin from murdered prisoners as souvenirs.
Otto Koch - Commandant of the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald
(from 1937 to 1941), and later at Lublin (Majdanek camp).
- Max Koegel - SS-Obersturmbannführer.
Concentration camp commander at Majdanek and Flossenbürg.
- Karl Koller - Chief of the General Staff of the Luftwaffe.
- Josef Kramer - Commandant
of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
- Bernhard Krüger - Leader of the VI F 4a Unit in the Reichssicherheitshauptamt responsible for, among other things, falsifying passports and documents.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Krüger - High-ranking member of the SA and SS.
Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach - Ran the Friedrich Krupp AG heavy
industry conglomerate from 1909 until 1941 and financier of the Nazi
party. Succeeded by his son Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach - member of Freundeskreis der Wirtschaft;
Colonel In NSDAP Flying Corps; ran the Friedrich Krupp AG heavy industry
conglomerate from 1943 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1967
- Hans Lammers - Head
of the Reich Chancellery.
- Herbert Lange
- SS-Sturmbannführer and commandant of Chełmno extermination camp, where
he was implicated in thousands of gassings. Also led the execution of
1,558 mental patients at the Soldau concentration camp.
- Robert Ley - Head of the
German Labour Front from 1933 to 1945.
Liebehenschel - Commandant of Auschwitz and Majdanek death camps
during World War II.
- Julius Lippert - Nazi activist and propaganda official.
Loeper - Gauleiter in the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.
- Hinrich Lohse
- Gauleiter for Schleswig-Holstein and Reich Commissar for the Ostland.
- Werner Lorenz - Waffen-SS general and a leader of the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle, an organization charged with settling ethnic Germans in the Reich from other parts of Europe.
- Hanns Ludin - Diplomat
and ambassador to Slovakia.
Luther - advisor to Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, and
participant in the infamous Wannsee Conference.
- Viktor Lutze
- SA officer and important participant in the Night of the Long Knives.
He succeeded Ernst Röhm as Stabschef (Commander of the SA).
- Emil Maurice - Personal friend of Hitler, first head of the SA and one of the founding members of the SS.
- Josef Mengele - SS-Hauptsturmführer
and physician at the concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Messerschmitt - Aeronautical engineer and head of the Bayerische
Flugzeugwerke (BFW, later Messerschmitt AG); designer of several
famous aircraft including the Bf.109.
- Alfred Meyer - Deputy Reichsminister in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories
Meyer - Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS noted for his
command of 1st SS Reconnaissance Battalion (LSSAH) and later the division
commander of 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend.
- Erhard Milch – Generalfeldmarschall;
Inspector-General of the Luftwaffe, responsible for aircraft
- Wilhelm Mohnke
- SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS. He was one of the
original 120 members of the SS-Staff Guard (Stabswache) "Berlin" formed
in March 1933. From those ranks, Mohnke rose to become the commander
of the 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (LSSAH) and later
was one of Hitler's last remaining generals as commander of the Berlin
government district, nicknamed Die Zitadelle (The Citadel), including
the Reich Chancellery, Führerbunker and Reichstag.
- Hermann Muhs - Minister responsible for church and religious affairs.
Müller - SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei.
Head of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) under Reinhard Heydrich as
chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA.
Naujoks - SS-Sturmbannführer and leader of the attack on the
Gleiwitz radio station on the eve of World War II.
- Arthur Nebe -
SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. Berlin Police
Commissioner in the 1920s and an early member of both the Sturmabteilung
(SA) and the Schutzstaffel (SS), as well as President of Interpol (from
June 1942-43). Nebe was appointed head of the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal
Police) or Kripo under Heydrich as chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA.
Executed in 1944 for alleged involvement in the July 20 Plot.
von Neurath - Foreign Minister of Germany (1932-1938) and Reichsprotektor
(Governor) of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1941).
- Hans Nieland - Lord
Mayor of Dresden from 1940 until 1945.
- Herta Oberheuser
- Doctor at the Ravensbrück concentration camp from 1940 until
1943. Was the only female defendant in the Nuremberg Medical Trial.
- Otto Ohlendorf
- SS-Gruppenführer and head of Inland-SD. The Inland-SD was a department
of the RSHA and responsible for intelligence and security within Nazi
- Artur Phleps - SS-Obergruppenführer.
He saw action with the 5. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Wiking, and later
was commander of the 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen
and the V SS Mountain Corps. He was killed in September 1944.
- Paul Pleiger - State adviser and corporate general director.
- Oswald Pohl - SS-Obergruppenführer. Organized and administrator of the concentration camps.
- Franz Pfeffer von Salomon - Supreme Leader of the SA from its re-founding in 1925 until his removal in 1930 and Hitler's personal assumption of the title.
- Erich Priebke - Participant
in the Ardeatine massacre in Rome on March 24, 1944.
- Hans-Adolf Prützmann - Superior SS and Police Leader, and an SS-Obergruppenführer.
- Erich Raeder
— Großadmiral, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy (Kriegsmarine)
Rainer - (July 28, 1903 – July 19, 1947) was a leader in the Nazi
Party, as well as an Austrian State governor of Salzburg and Carinthia.
He is the only Austrian governor who has ever held the same office in
two separate states. He was a native of Sankt Veit an der Glan, located
in the Austrian state of Carinthia.
- Sigmund Rascher
- (born February 12, 1909 in Munich, executed April 26, 1945 in the
Dachau concentration camp) was a German SS doctor.
- Walter Rauff
- (Köthen, Germany June 19, 1906 – Santiago de Chile, May 14, 1984),
was an SS officer in Nazi Germany, attaining the grade of Colonel (Standartenführer)
in June 1944. From January 1938 he was an aide of Reinhard Heydrich
firstly in the Sicherheitsdienst or SD, the SS security service, later
in the Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA, the Reich Security Main Office,
a department created by Himmler in 1939 grouping the Gestapo, SD and
Kripo, the criminal police.
Rauschning - Nazi leader in Danzig
- Walter Reder
- SS-Sturmbannführer (Major) Walter Reder (4 February 1915 - 26 April
1991) was a German Waffen-SS officer who served with the 3.SS-Panzer-Division
Totenkopf and the 16.SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Reichsführer-SS. He
was a Knight's Cross and German Cross in Gold winner. After the war
he was convicted of war crimes in Italy.
- Wilhelm Rediess
- (10 October 1900 – 8 May 1945) was the SS and Police Leader during
the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War. He was also
the commanding General (Obergruppenführer) of all SS troops stationed
in occupied Norway, assuming command on 22 June 1940 until his death
von Reichenau - Generalfeldmarschall and committed Nazi; he joined
the Party in 1932 in violation of regulations and was one of the few
ardent National Socialists among the Army's senior officers.
- Fritz Reinhardt
- (3 April 1895 in Ilmenau – 17 June 1969 in Regensburg) was a state
secretary in the German Finance Ministry in the time of the Third Reich.
von Renteln - (September 15, 1897 - 1946) was a Nazi politician
in Germany and General Commissioner of Lithuania.
von Ribbentrop - Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until
- Ernst Röhm
- a co-founder of the Sturmabteilung (Storm Battalion) or SA, the Nazi
Party militia and later was the SA commander. In 1934, as part of the
of the Long Knives, he was executed on Hitler's orders as a potential
- Alfred Rosenberg
- Nazi "philosopher"
- Erwin Rösener
- SS-Obergruppenführer, Higher SS and Police Leader, Commander
SS Upper Division Alpenland (1941 - 1945)
Rüdin - (April 19, 1874 - October 22, 1952), was a Swiss psychiatrist,
geneticist and eugenicist. Rüdin was born in St. Gallen, Switzerland.
He is known as one of the fathers of racial hygiene.
- Bernhard Rust
- Dr. Bernhard Rust (30 September 1883 — 8 May 1945) was Minister of
Science, Education and National Culture (Reichserziehungsminister) in
- Fritz Sauckel
- Gauleiter of Thuringia, General Plenipotentiary for Labour Deployment
- Paul Schäfer
- (December 4, 1921 – April 24, 2010) was the founder and former leader
of a sect and agricultural commune of German immigrants called Colonia
Dignidad ("Dignity Colony")—later renamed Villa Baviera—located
in the south of Chile, about 340 km south of Santiago. Investigations
by Amnesty International and the Chilean National Commission for Truth
and Reconciliation Report have verified that Colonia Dignidad was used
by DINA, the Chilean secret police, as a torture and detention centre
during Augusto Pinochet's military dictatorship.
Adolf Scheel - (November 22, 1907 in Rosenberg, Baden – March 25,
1979 in Hamburg) was a German physician and "multifunctionary"
in the time of the Third Reich (SA and SS member, Leader of the National
Socialist Students' Federation, Organizer of the SD in the southwest,
Superior SS and Police Leader in Salzburg, Gauleiter in Salzburg from
November 1941). As commander of the Security Police and the SD, he organized
in October 1940 the deportation of Karlsruhe's Jews to the death camps
in the east.
Schellenberg - SS-Brigadeführer who rose through the SS as Heydrich's
deputy. In March 1942, he became Chief of Amt VI, Ausland-SD, foreign
intelligence branch of the SD (which, by then, was a department of the
RSHA). Later, following the abolition of the Abwehr in 1944, he became
head of all foreign intelligence.
- Hans Schemm -
(6 October 1891 in Bayreuth – 5 March 1935 in Bayreuth) was a Gauleiter
in Nazi Germany.
Schepmann - (17 June 1894 - 26 July 1970) was an SA officer (Obergruppenführer)
in Nazi Germany and the last Stabschef (Chief of Staff) of the Nazi
Scheubner-Richter - senior most Nazi killed during the Beer Hall
Putsch, ideologue and mentor to Alfred Rosenberg.
von Schirach - leader of Hitler Youth (1931-40), Gauleiter of Vienna
Schlegelberger - (23 October 1876 – 14 December 1970) was State
Secretary in the German Reich Ministry of Justice (RMJ) and served awhile
as Justice Minister during the Third Reich. He was the highest-ranking
defendant at the Judges' Trial in Nuremberg.
- Carl Schmitt
- (July 11, 1888 – April 7, 1985) was a German jurist, Catholic philosopher,
political theorist, and professor of law. Schmitt published several
essays, influential in the 20th century and beyond, on the mentalities
that surround the effective wielding of political power. His ideas have
attracted the attention of numerous philosophers and political theorists,
including Walter Benjamin, Leo Strauss, Jacques Derrida, Étienne Balibar,
Hannah Arendt, Giorgio Agamben, Antonio Negri, Gianfranco Miglio, Paolo
Virno, Slavoj Žižek, Alain Badiou, Jacob Taubes, Chantal Mouffe, Eric
Voegelin, Reinhart Koselleck and Paul Gottfried. Much of his work, especially
from the Weimar period, remains both influential and controversial today.
- Kurt Schmitt
- (7 October, 1886 in Heidelberg – 2 November, 1950 in Heidelberg) was
a German economic leader and the Reich Economy Minister.
Schmitthenner - (15 December 1884 - 11 November 1972) was a German
architect and city planner from Lauterbourg, Alsace-Lorraine, one of
Adolf Hitler's architects. He graduated from the University of Stuttgart
and later became a Professor there, where he formed together with Paul
Bonatz the architectural style of the Stuttgart School. His belief that
the traditional methods and styles in architecture revealed best the
German character led to his appointment as expert group leader for fine
arts in the Kampfbund. He believed that Schönheit ruht in Ordnung ("beauty
lies in (geometric) order"). Schmitthenner was in open opposition
to modern architects like Walter Gropius. For him, Goethe's cottage
at Weimar was still the ideal type of the German residential building.
However, despite official approval, his enthusiasm did not bring many
large commissions. He was author of the book "Baugestaltung. Das
Deutsche Wohnhaus", 1932. He had to leave his chair at the University
after war without a pension and worked as an architect till the end
of his life. In Stuttgart he built the "Königin-Olga-Bau"
for the Dresdner Bank 1950.
Scholtz-Klink - (February 9, 1902 - March 24, 1999; née Treusch)
was a fervent National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) member
and Reich's Women's Leader.
- Julius Schreck
- Co-founder of the SA, first commander of the SS. Later Hitler's personal
Xaver Schwarz - National Treasurer of the NSDAP 1925-1945 and head
of the Reichszeugmeisterei or National Material Control Office.
Promoted to SS-Oberstgruppenführer in 1944.
Schwarz - (June 14, 1906 in Munich – March 20, 1947 in Sandweier,
executed) was camp commandant of Auschwitz III (Monowitz) in Nazi-occupied
Seidl - (August 24, 1911 in Tulln, Lower Austria; then Austria-Hungary
– February 4, 1947 in Vienna) was a World War II Commandant of the Theresienstadt
concentration camp located in the present-day Czech Republic. He was
later a convicted war criminal.
- Franz Seldte
- (29 June 1882 – 1 April 1947) was cofounder of the German Stahlhelm
paramilitary organization, a Nazi politician, and Minister for Labour
of the German Reich from 1933 to 1945.
Seyss-Inquart - Austrian Nazi; upon being appointed Chancellor in
1938 he invited in German troops resulting in his country's annexation.
Later deputy to Hans Frank in the General Government of occupied Poland
(1939-40), and Reichskommissar of the Netherlands (1940-44). Convicted
of war crimes and hanged by the Nuremberg Tribunal.
- Gustav Simon
- (2 August 1900, Saarbrücken – 18 December 1945) was, as the Nazi
Gauleiter in the Moselland Gau from 1940 until 1944, the Chief of the
Civil Administration in Luxembourg, which was occupied at that time
by Nazi Germany.
- Franz Six - Chief
of Amt VII, Written Records of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA)
which dealt with ideological tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic,
anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring
of Nazi indoctrination by the public.
- Albert Speer
- architect for Nazis' offices and residences, Party rallies and State
buildings (1932-42), Minister of Armaments and War Production (1942-45).
- Franz Stangl
- (March 26, 1908 – June 28, 1971) was an Austrian-born SS commandant
of the Sobibor and Treblinka extermination camps during the Holocaust.
He was arrested in Brazil in 1967, extradited and tried in West Germany
for the mass murder of 900,000 people, and in 1970 was found guilty
and sentenced to the maximum penalty, life imprisonment. He died of
heart failure half a year later.
- Johannes Stark
- (15 April 1874 – 21 June 1957) was a German physicist, and Physics
Nobel Prize laureate who was closely involved with the Deutsche Physik
movement under the Nazi regime.
- Otto Steinbrinck
- (born 19 December 1888 in Lippstadt, died 16 August 1949 in Landsberg
am Lech) was a German industrialist and an accused in the Nuremberg
- Felix Steiner
- SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS. He was chosen by Himmler
to oversee the creation of, and command the volunteer Waffen-SS Division,
5th SS Panzer Division Wiking.
Stennes - the Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA), who
in the summer of 1930 and again in the spring of 1931 led a revolt against
the NSDAP in Berlin as these SA members saw their organization as a
revolutionary group, the vanguard of a socialist order that would overthrow
the hated Republic. Both revolts were put down and Stennes was expelled
from the Nazi Party. He left Germany in 1933 and worked as a military
adviser to Chiang Kai-shek.
- Gregor Strasser
- (also Straßer, see ß) (May 31, 1892 – June 30, 1934) was
a politician of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP).
He was murdered in Berlin during the Night of the Long Knives.
- Otto Strasser
- (September 10, 1897 in Windsheim – August 27, 1974 in Munich) was
a German politician and 'left-wing' member of the National Socialist
German Workers Party (NSDAP) who rejected some of Adolf Hitler's ideas
and more right-wing economic tendencies. Strasser subsequently formed
his own faction within the Nazi Party, along with his brother, Gregor
Strasser, and eventually broke away from the Nazi Party altogether,
forming the Black Front.
- Julius Streicher
- founder and editor of anti-semitic Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (1923-1945),
Gauleiter of Franconia (1929-40).
- Jürgen Stroop
- SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei. Stroop's
most prominent role was the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising,
an action which cost the lives of over 50,000 people.
Stuckart - (November 16, 1902 – November 15, 1953) was a Nazi Party
lawyer and official, a state secretary in the German Interior Ministry
and later, a convicted war criminal.
von Stülpnagel - (16 June 1878 – 6 February 1948) was the German
military commander of France during the Second World War.
Syrup - (9 October 1881 – ca. 31 August 1945) was a German jurist
- Josef Terboven
- (23 May 1898 – 8 May 1945) was a Nazi leader, best known as the Reichskommissar
during the German occupation of Norway.
Georg Thierack - (19 April 1889 – 22 November 1946) was a Nazi jurist
- Fritz Todt - civil
engineer, Director of the Head Office for Engineering, General Commissioner
for the Regulation of the Construction Industry, and founder and head
of Organisation Todt. He died in a plane crash in February, 1942. He
was (posthumously) the first recipient of the German Order.
- Adolf von
Trotha - (March 1, 1868, Koblenz – October 11, 1940) was a German
admiral in the Kaiserliche Marine from Koblenz, Rhenish Prussia.
von Tschammer und Osten - (25 October 1887 in Dresden, Kingdom of
Saxony - died 25 March 1943) was a German sport official, SA leader
and a member of the Reichstag. He was married to Sophie Margarethe von
- Xavier Vallat
- (July 7, 1891 - January 6, 1972), French politician, was Commissioner-General
for Jewish Questions in the wartime Vichy collaborationist government,
and was sentenced after World War II to ten years in prison for his
part in the persecution of French Jews.
- Otto Wagener,
soldier and economist. Was successively Chief of Staff of the SA, head
of the Party Economic Policy Section, and Reich Commissar for the Economy.
Subsequently served at the front, reaching the rank of Generalmajor.
- Adolf Wagner
- Gauleiter of München-Oberbayern and Bavarian Interior
Wagner - (18 August 1888 in Neu-Heiduk, Upper Silesia, now in Poland
– 25 March 1939 in Munich) was the first Reich Doctors' Leader (Reichsärzteführer)
in the time of Nazi Germany.
Wagner - (12 January 1899 – 22 April or 2 May 1945) was from 1928
the Nazi Gauleiter of the Gau of Westphalia-South, and as of January
1935 also of the Gau of Silesia.
Heinrich Wagner - (13 October 1895 – 14 August 1946) was Gauleiter
of Baden and Head of the Civil Government of Alsace during the German
occupation of France in World War II.
Weiß - (31 March 1892 in Stadtsteinach – 24 February 1950 in
Wasserburg am Inn) was, in the time of the Third Reich, an SA Obergruppenführer
as well as editor-in-chief of the Nazi Party's official newspaper, the
- Horst Wessel
- Sturmführer in the Berlin SA and author of the Horst-Wessel-Lied
("Die Fahne Hoch"), the Party anthem. Elevated to martyr status
by Nazi propaganda after his 1930 murder– by Communists, according to
the Nazis, or by a rival pimp, according to their opponents.
Maria Wiligut - (alias Weisthor, Jarl Widar, Lobesam and Karl Maria
Weisthor) (December 10, 1866, Vienna - January 3, 1946) was an Austrian
- Max Winkler -
(7 September 1875 - 12 October 1961) was Mayor of Graudenz (now Grudziądz,
Poland), Reich Trustee and Reich Commissioner for German Cinema.
Wirth - SS-Obersturmführer. He was a senior German police and
SS officer during the program to exterminate the Jewish people of occupied
Poland during World War II, known as "Operation Reinhard". Wirth was
a top aide of Odilo Globocnik, the overall director of "Operation Reinhard"
(Aktion Reinhard or Einsatz Reinhard).
Wirth - (alternatively referred to as Herman Wirth Roeper Bosch,
or Herman Felix Wirth or Hermann) (6 May 1885 Utrecht - 16 February
1981, Kusel) was a Dutch-German lay historian and scholar of ancient
religions and symbols.
- Eduard Wirths
- (September 4, 1909 – September 20, 1945) was the Chief SS doctor (SS-Standortarzt)
at the Auschwitz concentration camp from September 1942 to January 1945.
Thus, Wirths had formal responsibility for everything undertaken by
the nearly 20 SS doctors (including Josef Mengele, Horst Schumann and
Carl Clauberg) who worked in the medical sections of Auschwitz between
- Karl Wolff - SS-Obergruppenführer
and General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the
Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler
until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme
SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting
military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender
of all the forces in the Southwest Front.
Wünnenberg - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS und
der Polizei. Commander of the SS-Polizei-Division, 1941-1943; Chief
of the Ordnungspolizei, 1943–1945 after Kurt Daluege suffered a massive
- Adolf Ziegler
- (Bremen, 16 October 1892 – Varnhalt, today Baden-Baden, 18 September
1959) was a German painter and politician. He was tasked by the Nazi
Party to oversee the purging of "Degenerate art", made by
most of the German modern artists. He was the favoured painter of Hitler.
- Franz Ziereis commandant Mauthausen concentration
A | B | C |
D | E |
F | G |
H | J | K |
L | M |
N | O | P | R |
S | T
| V | W
Published - June 2011
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