CPT Go Green Packaging Glossary
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Bagasse - Remains of sugar cane pulp after
juice is extracted, used to make bi-products such as packaging,
paper and absorbent products.
Biocompostable - plastic and paper products,
which disintegrate and biodegrade completely and safely when
composted in a municipal or commercial facility (such as yard
trimmings and food scraps) Biocomposting is usually completed
within 90 days. Biocompatibility will be faster if the products
are broken down to small pieces or ground up. Certain packages
from renewable resources, like those made from PLA and Sugar
Cane, can be composted in your own backyard
Biodegradable - materials that decompose,
usually by bacteria or sunlight, into original organic components
within a reasonably short period of time. Most organic materials
(paper, grass clippings, food scraps), under the right conditions,
Bioplastic - plastics made from corn, potato
or other annually renewable sources which are compostable
Compost - a crumbly, earthy, sweet smelling
mixture of decomposing organic matter (e.g. leaves, food scraps,
grass clippings) that is often used to improve the texture,
water retaining capacity and aeration (opposite of clumps)
Eco-efficiency - do more with less of our
Life Cycle Analysis - The key measurement
tool for environmental sustainability is Life Cycle Assessment
(LCA). LCA is a technique for assessing the environmental
impacts associated with a product (or service), covering all
stages in a product's life.
Life Cycle Inventory - A product's cycle
starts when raw materials are extracted from the earth, followed
by manufacturing, transport and use, and ends with waste management
including recycling and final disposal. At every stage of
the life cycle there are emissions and consumption of resources.
The environmental impacts from the entire life cycle of products
and services need to be addressed. To do this, life cycle
thinking is required.
Monopack - This refers to a package that
is made from same materials for easy sorting and recycling.
An aluminum can with a paper label is not a monopack.
A plastic milk jug and the plastic cap are usually made from
the same plastic material (HDPE with the number 2 recycling
logo) and is a monopack.
Packaging - protects the food we buy. Usually
it cannot be eliminated or compromised.
PLA - PolyLactic Acid - is a product made
from corn-starch, with a look and feel like petroleum based
plastic. PLA is the one of the most commonly used bioplastics
for making products.
Recyclable - material that still has useful
physical or chemical properties after serving its original
purpose and can be reused or remanufactured to make new products.
Plastic, paper, glass, steel and aluminum cans, and use oil
are examples of recyclable materials.
Source Reduction - eliminate waste and use
Sustainability - Actions we take that support
quality of life now and for future generations
Published - July 2009
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