Workforce Development Glossary
U.S. Department of Labor,
Constitution Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20210, U.S.A.
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Adult Basic Education (ABE)
- Services or instruction below the post-secondary
level for individuals who lack sufficient mastery
of basic educational skills to be able to function
effectively in society and who do not have a high
school diploma or its equivalent.
Affirmative Action -
A plan or program designed to remedy the effects of
past discrimination in employment, education or other
activity, and to prevent its recurrence.
Comprehensive Adult Student
Assessment System (CASAS) - CASAS is a nonprofit
organization that provides competency-based curriculum
management, assessment and evaluation systems to education
and training programs.
Creaming - A term
that refers to practice of selecting people who are
most likely to succeed in a program to participate.
Department of Labor (DOL)
- Federal department charged with preparing
the workforce and ensuring the adequacy of the nation's
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
- The EITC is a subsidy to low-wage workers. This
policy essentially makes a minimum wage job paying
$4.25 worth $6.00 an hour for a family with two or
more children. Together with food stamps, the expanded
EITC can lift families with full-time workers out
Economic Dislocated Workers
Adjustment Assistance Act (EDWAA) - Program
serving workers who have been laid off and are unlikely
to find similar jobs without assistance.
English as a Second Language (ESL) / English for Speakers
of Other Languages (ESOL) - These terms are
often used interchangeably to describe programs of
instruction designed to help individuals of limited
Equipped for the Future
- EFF is the National Institute for Literacy's framework
for adult education that identifies what adults need
to know and be able to do to be literate, compete
in a global economy, and be a responsible citizen
Even Start - A national
family literacy program funded by the federal government.
General Educational Development
(GED) - A series of tests that offer people
who did not finish high school the opportunity to
earn high school credentials.
Glass Ceiling - Refers
to invisible, artificial barriers that prevent qualified
individuals from advancing within their organization
and reaching full potential.
Job Training Partnership Act
(JTPA) - Federal legislation establishing
programs providing job training services for dislocated
workers and the economically disadvantaged.
- Professional association for individuals working
in employment and training programs.
National Association of Private
Industry Councils (NAPIC) - National association
representing the interests of the nation's Private
National Association of Workforce
Development Professionals (NAWDP) - Professional
association for individuals working in employment
and training programs.
Occupational Skills Training
(OST) - Training that provides vocational
skills in a classroom setting.
On the Job Training (OJT)
- Subsidized, short-term, hands on training.
Private Industry Councils
(PICs) - Local public-private partnerships
that plan and oversee job training and employment
programs for economically disadvantaged adults and
youth as well as dislocated workers.
Quota - Refers to
the application of preferences in efforts to meet
a specific numerical outcome or goal.
School to Work (STW) -
Federal program to prepare young people for further
educational careers in high-skill, high-wage jobs.
Secretary's Commission on
the Achievement of Necessary Skills (SCANS)
- A Department of Labor-led effort to define the knowledge
and skills required by high performance work environments
and to consider how these attributes might be best
Service Providers or Intermediaries
- Organizations that train individuals in hard and
soft skills to ready them for success in the workplace.
Many service providers also offer counseling and technical
assistance to employers.
Soft Skills - Workplace
standards of behavior needed to interact and cooperate
effectively with co-workers and the general public.
Structured Job Search -
Intensive job search activities provided through certain
career counseling centers. Activities may include
group sessions and phone banking to seek jobs.
Wage Subsidies and Tax Credits
- Incentive programs targeted to business
owners who hire former recipients.
Worker Adjustment and Retraining
Notification (WARN) - Federal legislation
that requires employers to provide notice of 60 days
in advance of certain plant closures and mass layoffs.
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