Glossary of Legal Terms Free glossaries at TanslationDirectory.com translation jobs
Home Free Glossaries Free Dictionaries Post Your Translation Job! Free Articles Jobs for Translators

Glossary of Legal Terms
(Starting with "F")



By Henry Dahut,
GotTrouble.com,
Studio City, CA, U.S.A.

hdahut[at]gottrouble.com
www.gottrouble.com








Become a member of TranslationDirectory.com at just $8 per month (paid per year)




Advertisements:



Use the search bar to look for terms in all glossaries, dictionaries, articles and other resources simultaneously



A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z



Family and Medical Leave Act

The federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) requires large employers to permit employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave if they become seriously ill, have complications due to pregnancy, become a parent, or need to care for a family member who has a serious health condition.

family home

The home in which the parent with physical custody resides with the children. Family homes are frequently treated differently than other marital property, with the judge allowing the custodial parent to remain in the home until the child reaches his or her majority.

Fair Labor Standards Act

The Fair Labor Standards Act ("FLSA") is the federal law that governs workers' wages, including payment of minimum wage and overtime.

false arrest

The unlawful detaining of someone by law enforcement without legal cause. Legal cause is that determination by law enforcement that there is probable cause to believe a crime has been committed. The act of false arrest by law enforcement is rarely the basis of a lawsuit.

false pretenses

A crime of larceny where the perpetrator knowingly makes material untrue statements for the purpose of obtaining money or property fraudulently.

farm lease

A lease for agricultural property.

federal preemption

The doctrine that federal law overrides state law. In family law, federal pre-emption comes into play in cases of military pay, social security benefits, railroad retirement benefits, and other property provided through federal programs, as well as in issues covered by ERISA.

fault divorce

A system under which a spouse must prove that the other spouse was guilty of specific wrongful conduct before a divorce will be granted. Examples of fault include adultery, extreme cruelty, desertion, and incarceration for the commission of a serious crime.

felon

A person who has been convicted of a felony.

felonious

A criminal act done with criminal intent such that it amounts to a felony. It has been traditionally understood as an act of malicious intent to harm another.

felony

A crime punishable by a minimum of one year or more in state or federal prison.

felony murder doctrine

The law that any death which occurs during the commission of a dangerous felony is considered per se a murder in the first degree. The prosecutor does not have to prove that the accused intended to kill the person, only that he or she intended to commit the dangerous crime. For example: a perpetrator robs a bank with a toy gun, a felony. The teller has a heart attack in the process, the death. Under these facts the perpetrator could be criminally convicted of murder.

finder of fact

In a criminal or civil trial it is usually the duty of the jury to determine the truth and weight of all facts in controversy. A fact finder is not allowed to determine issues of law. This is reserved only for the judge.

finding

The determination of a contested factual question by a judge or jury. Fact finders are usually the men and women of a jury.

first degree murder

Commonly considered the killing of a human being with deliberate and premeditated intent. The intent can be proved by showing the killing was planned or was part of a scheme. It can also be the result of a death committed in the commission of a dangerous felony. The specific elements for first degree murder and their variations are established by statute in each state.

forcible entry

The crime of unlawfully taking possession of a house or structure by the use of force or threat of force.

forensic expert

An expert whose testimony is scientific in nature and who testifies on behalf of either the prosecutor or the defense. The goal of the expert is to assist the fact finder in understanding scientific information. Forensic medicine is a very lucrative business.

foreclosure

Legal action a creditor takes to force the sale of real property so the debt can be repaid from sales proceeds.

forfeiture

Loss of the tenant's continued rights under a lease.

forgery

The making of false documents by alteration or by a false signature.

fornication

The act of sexual intercourse between a man and woman.

fraud

The act of obtaining money or property by deceit, tricks or dishonest acts. Most acts of fraud are felonies. Criminal fraud is commonly perpetrated against the aged and infirm.

fresh pursuit

The present and immediate pursuit by law enforcement of a fleeing suspect.

fruit of the poisonous tree

Evidence which is discovered through illegal search or seizure must be excluded, based on the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution.

fugitive

Usually refers to a person already convicted of a crime who has escaped from the police or governmental custody. Under Article IV of the U.S. Constitution a governor must return a fugitive to the state where the crime was originally committed.



A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z





Find free glossaries at TranslationDirectory.com

Find free dictionaries at TranslationDirectory.com

Subscribe to free TranslationDirectory.com newsletter

Need more translation jobs from translation agencies? Click here!

Translation agencies are welcome to register here - Free!

Freelance translators are welcome to register here - Free!

Submit your glossary or dictionary for publishing at TranslationDirectory.com



 


 

Free Newsletter

Subscribe to our free newsletter to receive news from us:

 

Menu

Use More Glossaries
Use Free Dictionaries
Use Free Translators
Submit Your Glossary
Read Translation Articles
Register Translation Agency
Submit Your Resume
Obtain Translation Jobs
Subscribe to Free Newsletter
Buy Database of Translators
Obtain Blacklisted Agencies
Vote in Polls for Translators
Read News for Translators
Advertise Here
Read our FAQ
Read Testimonials
Use Site Map

Advertisements

translation directory

christianity portal
translation jobs


 

 
Copyright © 2003-2020 by TranslationDirectory.com
Legal Disclaimer
Site Map