Role and Reference Grammar (RRG) is a model of
developed by William
Foley and Robert
Van Valin, Jr. in the 1980s, which incorporates many
of the points of view of current functional
In RRG, the description of a sentence in a particular
language is formulated in terms of (a) its logical (semantic)
structure and communicative functions, and (b) the grammatical
procedures that are available in the language for the
expression of these meanings.
Among the main features of RRG are the use of lexical
decomposition, based upon the predicate semantics
of David Dowty (1979), an analysis of clause structure, and the use of a set of thematic
roles organized into a hierarchy in which the highest-ranking
roles are 'Actor' (for the most active participant) and
- Van Valin, Robert D., Jr. (Ed.). (1993). Advances
in Role and Reference Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- Van Valin, Robert D., Jr. (1993). A synopsis of Role
and Reference Grammar. In R. D. Van Valin Jr. (Ed.),
Advances in Role and Reference Grammar (pp. 1-164).
- Van Valin, Robert D., Jr.; & Foley, William. (1980).
Role and Reference Grammar. In: E. A. Moravcsik
& J. R. Wirth (Eds.), Current approaches to syntax
(pp. 329-352). Syntax and semantics (Vol. 13). New York:
- Van Valin, Robert D., Jr.; & LaPolla, R. (1997).
Syntax: Structure, meaning and function. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
- Van Valin, Robert D., Jr. (2003). Exploring the
Syntax-Semantics Interface. Cambridge: Cambridge