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Linguolabial consonant


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Linguolabials or apicolabials are consonants articulated by placing the tongue tip or blade against the upper lip, which is drawn downward to meet the tongue. They represent one extreme of a coronal articulatory continuum which extends from linguolabial to sub-apical palatal places of articulation. Cross-linguistically, linguolabial consonants are very rare, though they do not represent a particularly exotic combination of articulatory configurations, unlike click consonants or ejectives. They are found in a cluster of languages in Vanuatu, as well as in Umotina, a recently extinct Bororoan language of Brazil, and as extraphonotactic sounds worldwide.

Places of articulation

 • Labial
Bilabial
Labial-velar
Labial-alveolar
Labiodental

 • Bidental

 • Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Denti-alveolar
Alveolar
Apical
Laminal
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex

 • Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular-epiglottal

 • Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal

 • Glottal

Sagittal section of linguolabial stopThe linguolabial consonants are transcribed in the International Phonetic Alphabet by adding the "seagull" diacritic to the corresponding alveolar consonant. They are sometimes seen with the letter for a bilabial consonant instead, but this usage is not recognized by the International Phonetic Association, and would imply that both lips are used.

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
linguolabial nasal linguolabial nasal Tangoa   [n̼ata] "eye"
voiceless linguolabial plosive voiceless linguolabial plosive Tangoa
[t̼et̼e] "butterfly"
voiced linguolabial plosive voiced linguolabial plosive Vao
[nan̼d̼ak] "bow"
voiceless linguolabial fricative voiceless linguolabial fricative Big Nambas
['inɛθ̼] "he is asthmatic"
voiced linguolabial fricative voiced linguolabial fricative Tangoa   [ð̼atu] "stone"
linguolabial trill linguolabial trill Coatlán Zapotec   r̼ʔ mimesis for a child's fart[1]
(blowing a raspberry)
linguolabial click linguolabial click Coatlán Zapotec   ǀ̼ʔ mimesis for a pig drinking water[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Rosemary Beam de Azcona, Sound Symbolism. Available at http://www.linguistics.berkeley.edu/~rosemary/55-fall2003-onomatopoeia.pdf

References

  • Ladefoged, Peter; Ian Maddieson (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-19814-8. 
  • Maddieson, Ian. Linguolabials. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Volume 81, Issue S1 (May 1987), p. S65.



Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguolabial_consonant

Published - November 2008




Information from Wikipedia is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License








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