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Coronal consonant


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Coronal consonants are articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue. Only the coronal consonants can be divided into apical (using the tongue tip), laminal (using the tongue blade), domed (with the tongue bunched up), or sub-apical (with the tongue curled back), as well as a few rarer orientations, because only the front of the tongue has such dexterity. Coronals also have another dimension, grooved, that is used to make sibilants in combination with the orientations above.

Places of articulation

 • Labial
Bilabial
Labial-velar
Labial-alveolar
Labiodental

 • Bidental

 • Coronal
Linguolabial
Interdental
Dental
Denti-alveolar
Alveolar
Apical
Laminal
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Retroflex

 • Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Uvular-epiglottal

 • Radical
Pharyngeal
Epiglotto-pharyngeal
Epiglottal

 • Glottal

Coronal places of articulation include the dental consonants at the upper teeth, the alveolar consonants at the upper gum (the alveolar ridge), the various postalveolar consonants (domed palato-alveolar, laminal alveolo-palatal, and apical retroflex) just behind that, and the true retroflex consonants curled back against the hard palate.

(The list below is missing linguolabial, alveolo-palatal and retroflex consonants)

IPA
Symbol
Name of the consonant Example IPA
z Voiced alveolar fricative zoo /zuː/
s Voiceless alveolar fricative sea /siː/
ð Voiced dental fricative that /ðæt/
θ Voiceless dental fricative thud /θʌd/
ʒ Voiced postalveolar fricative vision /vɪʒən/
ʃ Voiceless postalveolar fricative she /ʃiː/
n Alveolar nasal name /neɪm/
d Voiced alveolar plosive day /deɪ/
t Voiceless alveolar plosive tea /tiː/
ɹ Alveolar approximant reef /ɹiːf/
l Lateral alveolar approximant lift /lɪft/
r Alveolar trill Spanish perro /pero/
ɾ Alveolar tap Spanish pero /peɾo/

See also

References



Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronal_consonant

Published - November 2008




Information from Wikipedia is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License








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