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Coronal consonants are articulated with the flexible
front part of the tongue.
Only the coronal consonants can be divided into apical
(using the tongue tip), laminal
(using the tongue blade), domed
(with the tongue bunched up), or sub-apical
(with the tongue curled back), as well as a few rarer orientations,
because only the front of the tongue has such dexterity.
Coronals also have another dimension, grooved, that is used
to make sibilants
in combination with the orientations above.
Coronal places of articulation include the dental
consonants at the upper teeth,
consonants at the upper gum
ridge), the various postalveolar
consonants (domed palato-alveolar, laminal alveolo-palatal,
and apical retroflex) just behind that, and the true retroflex
consonants curled back against the hard palate.
(The list below is missing linguolabial, alveolo-palatal
and retroflex consonants)
Published - November 2008