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absolute neutralisation is a phenomenon in which
a segment of the underlying
representation of a morpheme
is not realized in any of its phonetic
representation. For example, Chomsky & Halle (1968)
assume that the underlying representation of the word ellipse
contains a final segment /e/ even though this segment is
never pronounced. But the assumption of this segment in
underlying representation explains the exceptional stress
pattern of the word, i.e. that of trisyllabic words instead
of that of bisyllabic words, i.e. /ellipse/ instead of /ellipse/.
The segment /e/ is deleted after the assignment of stress:
thus the opposition between /e/ and zero (the absence of
a segment) is neutralized (see also: contextual
Kiparsky, P. (1968). "Lexicon
of Linguistics: Absolute Neutralisation" (in English).
Retrieved on 2006-07-10.
Published - November 2008