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Radical consonants are those consonants articulated
with the root (base) of the tongue
in the throat.
They include the pharyngeal
places of articulation.
The term radical was coined to help disambiguate
pharyngeal, which had come to mean any consonant
articulated in the throat, whether the articulator was the
back of the tongue ("high" pharyngeals) or the epiglottis
("low" pharyngeals). However, the term pharyngeal
is still commonly used in the broader sense, and authors
such as Miller (2005) prefer guttural,
which may include glottal
consonants as well.
Maddieson (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages.
Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN
- Miller, Amanda (2005), "Guttural vowels and guttural
co-articulation in Ju|’hoansi". Journal of Phonetics,
vol. 35, Issue 1, January 2007, pp 56-84.
Published - November 2008