Upper Sorbian language Languages translation jobs
Home More Articles Join as a Member! Post Your Job - Free! All Translation Agencies
Advertisements

Upper Sorbian language


Become a member of TranslationDirectory.com at just $8 per month (paid per year)




Upper Sorbian (Hornjoserbšćina, German: Obersorbisch) is a minority language spoken by Sorbs in Germany in the historical province of Upper Lusatia (Hornja Łužica in Sorbian), which is today part of Saxony. It is grouped in the West Slavic language branch, together with Lower Sorbian, Czech, Polish, Slovak and Kashubian.

Upper Sorbian
Hornjoserbšćina
Pronunciation [ˈhɔrnjɔˌsɛrbʃt͡ʃina]
Native to Germany
Region Saxony, Brandenburg
Native speakers
13,000 (2007)
Language family
Indo-European

  • Balto-Slavic
    • Slavic
      • West Slavic
        • Sorbian
          • Upper Sorbian
Writing system
Latin (Sorbian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
regional language inGermany (Brandenburg andSaxony)
Language codes
ISO 639-2 hsb
ISO 639-3 hsb
Glottolog uppe1395
Linguasphere 53-AAA-bb < 53-AAA-b <53-AAA-b...-d(varieties: 53-AAA-bba to 53-AAA-bbf)

History

The history of the Upper Sorbian language in Germany began with the Slavic migrations during the 6th century AD. Beginning in the 12th century, there was a massive influx of rural Germanic settlers from Flanders, Saxony, Thuringiaand Franconia. The succeeding devastation of the country by military actions began the slow decrease of the Upper Sorbian language. In addition, in the Saxony region, the Sorbian language was legally subordinated to the German language. Language prohibitions were later added: In 1293, the Sorbian language was forbidden in Berne castle before the courts; in 1327 it was forbidden in Zwickau and Leipzig, and from 1424 on it was forbidden in Meissen. Further, there was the condition in many guilds of the cities of the area to accept only members of German-language origin.

However, the central areas of the Milzener and Lusitzer, in the area of the today’s Lausitz, were relatively unaffected by the new German language settlements and legal restrictions. The language therefore flourished there. By the 17th century, the number of Upper Sorbian speakers in that area grew to over 300,000. The oldest evidence of written Upper Sorbian is the „Burger Eydt Wendisch” monument, which was discovered in the city of Bautzen and dated to the year 1532.

The Upper Sorbian language in Germany

A bilingual sign in Germany; the lower part is in Upper Sorbian

A bilingual sign in Germany; the lower part is in Upper Sorbian

There are estimated to be 40,000 speakers of Upper Sorbian, of whom almost all live in Saxony.

Phonology

The Upper Sorbian consonants are as follows:

Labial Dental Alveolar /
Uvular
Pre-palatal Velar Laryngeal
hard soft hard soft hard soft soft hard soft hard soft
Nasal m n [ŋ]
Stop p b pʲ bʲ t d [tʲ dʲ] k ɡ [kʲ ɡʲ]
Affricate t͡s [d͡z] t͡sʲ t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Fricative f v [fʲ vʲ] s z ʃ ʒ x [xʲ] h [hʲ]
Trill r ~ ʀ rʲ ~ ʀʲ
Approximant w l [lʲ] j




Published - November 2014










Submit your article!

Read more articles - free!

Read sense of life articles!

E-mail this article to your colleague!

Need more translation jobs? Click here!

Translation agencies are welcome to register here - Free!

Freelance translators are welcome to register here - Free!








Please see some ads as well as other content from TranslationDirectory.com:


Free Newsletter

Subscribe to our free newsletter to receive news from us:

 
Menu
Recommend This Article
Read More Articles
Search Article Index
Read Sense of Life Articles
Submit Your Article
Obtain Translation Jobs
Visit Language Job Board
Post Your Translation Job!
Register Translation Agency
Submit Your Resume
Find Freelance Translators
Buy Database of Translators
Buy Database of Agencies
Obtain Blacklisted Agencies
Advertise Here
Use Free Translators
Use Free Dictionaries
Use Free Glossaries
Use Free Software
Vote in Polls for Translators
Read Testimonials
Read More Testimonials
Read Even More Testimonials
Read Yet More Testimonials
And More Testimonials!
Admire God's Creations

christianity portal
translation jobs


 

 
Copyright © 2003-2019 by TranslationDirectory.com
Legal Disclaimer
Site Map