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List of popes



This chronological list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading "I Sommi Pontefici Romani" (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes. Published every year by the Roman Curia, the Annuario Pontificio attaches no consecutive numbers to the popes, stating that it is impossible to decide which side represented at various times the legitimate succession, in particular regarding Pope Leo VIII, Pope Benedict V and some mid-11th-century popes.

The 2001 edition of the Annuario Pontificio introduced "almost 200 corrections to its existing biographies of the popes, from St Peter to John Paul II". The corrections concerned dates, especially in the first two centuries, birthplaces and the family name of one pope.

The term pope (Latin: papa "father") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope). This title in English usage usually refers to the head of the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic pope uses various titles by tradition, including Papa, Summus Pontifex, Pontifex Maximus, and Servus servorum Dei. Each title has been added by unique historical events and unlike other papal prerogatives, is not incapable of modification.

Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as number 154. Several changes were made to the list during the 20th century. Antipope Christopher was considered legitimate for a long time. Pope-elect Stephen was considered legitimate under the name Stephen II until the 1961 edition, when his name was erased. Although these changes are no longer controversial, a number of modern lists still include this "first Pope Stephen II". It is probable that this is because they are based on the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain.

Plaque commemorating the popes buried in St Peter's

Plaque commemorating the popes buried in St Peter's (their names in Latin and the year of their burial)

Chronological list of popes

1st–5th centuries

1st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
1 33 – 64/67 Pope-peter pprubens.jpg St Peter
PETRVS
Simon Peter
CΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑC
ܫܶܡܥܽܘܢ ܟ݁ܺܐܦ݂ܳܐ
Bethsaida, Galilea Apostle of Jesus from whom he received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18–19 . Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized by the Catholic Church as the first Bishop of Rome (Pope) appointed by Christ. Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June.
2 64/67(?) – 76/79(?) Linus2.jpg St Linus
LINVS
Linus Tuscia Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.
3 76/79(?) – 88/92 Popeanacletus.JPG St Anacletus
(Cletus)
ANACLETVS
Anacletus Rome Martyred; feast day 26 April. Once erroneously split into Cletus and Anacletus
4 88/92 – 97 San Clemente de Roma.jpg St Clement I
CLEMENS
Clement Rome Feast day 23 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November.
5 97/99 – 105/107 Evaristus.jpg St Evaristus
EVARISTVS
Aristus Bethlehem, Judea Feast day 26 October

2nd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
6 105/107 – 115/116 Pope Alexander I.jpg St Alexander I
ALEXANDER
Alexander Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
7 115/116 – 125 SixtusI.jpg St Sixtus I
XYSTVS
Xystus Rome 6 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
8 125 – 136/138 Telesphorus.JPG St Telesphorus
TELESPHORVS
Telesphorus Terranova da Sibari, Calabria  
9 136/138 – 140/142 Hyginus.jpg St Hyginus
HYGINVS
Hyginus Athens, Greece Traditionally martyred; feast day 11 January
10 140/142 – 155 Pope Pius I.jpg St Pius I
PIVS
Pius Aquileia, Friuli Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
11 155–166 Papa Aniceto cropped.jpg St Anicetus
ANICETVS
Anicitus Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April
12 c. 166 – 174/175 Soter.jpg St Soter
SOTERIVS
Soter Fondi, Latium Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
13 174/175 – 189 Eleutherius.jpg St Eleuterus
ELEVTHERIVS
Eleuther Nicopoli, Epirus Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
14 189 – 198/199 Victor I..jpg St Victor I
VICTOR
Victor Roman Africa  
15 199–217 Saintz05.jpg St Zephyrinus
ZEPHYRINVS
Zephyrinus Rome  

3rd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
16 c. 217 – 222/223 CalixtusI.jpg St Callixtus I
CALLISTVS
Callistus Iberian Peninsula Martyred; feast day 14 October
17 222/223 – 230 UrbanI.jpg St Urban I
VRBANVS
Urban Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
18 21 July 230
– 28 September 235
(5 years+)
Pope Pontian.jpg St Pontian
PONTIANVS
Pontianus Rome First to abdicate office after exile to Sardinia by Emperor Maximinus Thrax. The Liberian Catalogue records his death on 28 September 235, the earliest exact date in papal history
19 21 November 235
– 3 January 236
(44 days)
Pope Anterus.jpg St Anterus
ANTERVS
Anterus Petilia Policastro - Calabria Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
20 10 January 236
– 20 January 250
(14 years+)
Saint Fabian1.jpg St Fabian
FABIANVS
Fabianus Rome Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
21 6/11 March 251
– June 253
(2 years+)
Heiliger Cornelius.jpg St Cornelius
CORNELIVS
Cornelius   Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
22 25 June 253
– 5 March 254
(256 days)
Lucius I.jpg St Lucius I
LVCIVS
Lucius Rome Feast day 4 March
23 12 May 254
– 2 August 257
(3 years+)
Stephen I.jpg St Stephen I
STEPHANVS
Stephanus Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
24 30/31 August 257
– 6 August 258
(340/341 days)
Sandro Botticelli - Sixte II.jpg St Sixtus II
XYSTVS Secundus
Sixtus Greece Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
25 22 July 259
– 26 December 268
(9 years+)
Pope Dionysius.jpg St Dionysius
DIONYSIVS
Dionysius Greece Feast day 26 December
26 5 January 269
– 30 December 274
(5 years+)
PopeFelixI.jpg St Felix I
FELIX
Felix Rome  
27 4 January 275
– 7 December 283
(8 years+)
Eutychian.jpg St Eutychian
EVTYCHIANVS
Eutychianus    
28 17 December 283
– 22 April 296
(12 years+)
PCaius.jpg St Caius
CAIVS
Gaius   Martyred (according to legend) Feast day 22 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 11 August.
29 30 June 296
– 1 April 304
(7 years+)
Marcellinus.jpg St Marcellinus
MARCELLINVS
Marcellinus   Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.

4th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
30 308–309 Papa Marcelo I.jpg St Marcellus I
MARCELLVS
     
31 c.309 – c.310 Eusebius.jpg St Eusebius
EVSEBIVS
     
32 2 July 311
– 10 January 314
(2 years+)
Pope miltiades.jpg St Miltiades
(Melchiades)
MILTIADES
  Africa First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan (313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great; second non-European pope
33 31 January 314
– 31 December 335
(21 years+)
Sylvester I.jpg St Sylvester I
SILVESTER
  Sant'Angelo a Scala, Avellino Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. First Council of Nicaea, 325.
34 18 January 336
– 7 October 336
(263 days)
Marcus (papa).jpg St Mark
MARCVS
  Rome Feast day 7 October
35 6 February 337
– 12 April 352
(15 years+)
Iulius I.jpg St Julius I
IVLIVS
  Rome  
36 17 May 352
– 24 September 366
(14 years+)
Liberius.jpg Liberius
LIBERIVS
    Earliest Pope not yet canonized by the Roman Church. Revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.
37 1 October 366
– 11 December 384
(18 years+)
Saintdamasus.png St Damasus I
DAMASVS
  Idanha-a-Velha, Portugal Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate translation of the Bible. Council of Rome, 382.
38 11 December 384
– 26 November 399
(14 years+)
Siricius.jpg St Siricius
Papa SIRICIVS
   
39 27 November 399
– 19 December 401
(2 years+)
Anastasius I.jpg St Anastasius I
Papa ANASTASIVS
     

5th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
40 22 December 401
– 12 March 417
(15 years+)
Innocentius I.jpg St Innocent I
Papa INNOCENTIVS
    Visigoth Sack of Rome (410) under Alaric
41 18 March 417
– 26 December 418
(1 year+)
Zosimus.jpg St Zosimus
Papa ZOSIMVS
  Mesoraca - Calabria  
42 28/29 December 418
– 4 September 422
(3 years+)
Pope Boniface I.jpg St Boniface I
Papa BONIFATIVS
     
43 10 September 422
– 27 July 432
(9 years+)
Celestine1pope.jpg St Celestine I
Papa COELESTINVS
  Rome, Western Roman Empire Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
44 31 July 432
– March/August 440
(~8 years)
Pope-Sixtus-III.jpg St Sixtus III
Papa SIXTVS Tertius
     
45 29 September 440
– 10 November 461
(21 years+)
Greatleoone.jpg St Leo I
Papa LEO MAGNVS
  Rome Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Wrote the Tome which was instrumental in the Council of Chalcedon and in defining the hypostatic union. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
46 19 November 461
– 29 February 468
(6 years+)
Nuremberg chronicles - Hilarius, Pope (CXXXVIv).jpg St Hilarius
Papa HILARIVS
Hilarius Sardinia  
47 3 March 468
– 10 March 483
(15 years+)
Sansimpliciopapa.jpg St Simplicius
Papa SIMPLICIVS
Simplicius Tivoli  
48 13 March 483
– 1 March 492
(8 years+)
Felix3.jpg St Felix III (Felix II)
Papa FELIX Tertius (Secundus)
Felice Rome Sometimes called Felix II
49 1 March 492
– 21 November 496
(4 years+)
Papa Gelasio I.jpg St Gelasius I
Papa GELASIVS
Gelasius Africa To date, the last pope to have been born on the continent of Africa.
50 24 November 496
– 19 November 498
(~2 years)
Anastasius II.jpg Anastasius II
Papa ANASTASIVS Secundus
Anastasius    
51 22 November 498
– 19 July 514
(15 years+)
Simmaco - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg St Symmachus
Papa SYMMACHVS
Simmaco Sardinia  

6th–10th centuries

6th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
52 20 July 514
– 19 July 523
(~9 years)
Pope Hormisdas.jpg St Hormisdas
Papa HORMISDAS
Hormisdas Frosinone, Southern Latium Father of Pope Silverius
53 13 August 523
– 18 May 526
(2 years+)
Papa Ioannes I.jpg St John I
Papa IOANNES
Giovanni Toscana  
54 13 July 526
– 22 September 530
(4 years+)
Mosaic of Felix IV (III) in Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome, Italy (527–530).jpg St Felix IV (Felix III)
Papa FELIX Quartus (Tertius)
Felice Samnium Sometimes called Felix III
55 22 September 530
– 17 October 532
(2 years+)
Boniface II.jpg Boniface II
Papa BONIFATIVS Secundus
Bonifacio Rome to Ostrogoth parents  
56 2 January 533
– 8 May 535
(2 years+)
Johannes II.jpg John II
Papa IOHANNES Secundus
Mercurio Rome First pope to not use personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
57 13 May 535
– 22 April 536
(346 days)
Agapitus I.jpg St Agapetus I
Papa AGAPITVS
Agapito Rome, Ostrogothic Kingdom Feast days 22 April 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
58 1 June 536
– 11 November 537
(1 year+)
Silverius.jpg St Silverius
Papa SILVERIVS
Silverius   Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
59 29 March 537
– 7 June 555
(18 years+)
Vigilius.jpg Vigilius
Papa VIGILIVS
  Rome  
60 16 April 556
– 4 March 561
(~5 years)
Pope Pelagius I.jpg Pelagius I
Papa PELAGIVS
  Rome  
61 17 July 561
– 13 July 574
(~13 years)
Papa Joao III.jpg John III
Papa IOANNES Tertius
Catelinus Rome, Eastern Roman Empire  
62 2 June 575
– 30 July 579
(4 years+)
Benedict I.jpg Benedict I
Papa BENEDICTVS
     
63 26 November 579
– 7 February 590
(10 years+)
PopePelagiusII.jpg Pelagius II
Papa PELAGIVS Secundus
  Rome  
64 3 September 590
– 12 March 604
(13 years+)
Gregorythegreat.jpg St Gregory I, O.S.B.
(Gregory the Great)
Papa GREGORIVS MAGNVS
Gregorio Rome First to formally employ the titles "Servus servorum Dei" and "Pontifex Maximus". Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March.

7th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
65 13 September 604
– 22 February 606
(1 year+)
Sabinian.jpg Sabinian
Papa SABINIANVS
  Blera  
66 19 February 607
– 12 November 607
(267 days)
Boniface III.jpg Boniface III
Papa BONIFATIVS Tertius
Bonifacio Rome  
67 25 August 608
– 8 May 615
(6 years+)
Boniface IV.jpg St Boniface IV, O.S.B.
Papa BONIFATIVS Quartus
Bonifacio Marsi First Pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
68 19 October 615
– 8 November 618
(3 years+)
Papa Adeodato I.jpg St Adeodatus I
(Deusdedit)
Papa ADEODATVS sive DEVSDEDIT
  Rome Sometimes called Deusdedit, as a result Pope Adeodatus II is sometimes called Pope Adeodatus without a number
69 23 December 619
– 25 October 625
(5 years+)
Papa Bonifacio V.jpg Boniface V
Papa BONIFATIVS Quintus
Bonifacio Naples  
70 27 October 625
– 12 October 638
(12 years+)
Onorio I - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura.jpg Honorius I
Papa HONORIVS
Onorio Campania, Byzantine Empire Named a heretic and anathematized by the Third Council of Constantinople (680)
71 October 638
– 2 August 640
(1 year+)
Severinopapa.jpg Severinus
Papa SEVERINVS
Severino Rome  
72 24 December 640
– 12 October 642
(1 year+)
Murner History Cod Karlsruhe 3117 (crop).jpg John IV
Papa IOANNES Quartus
Ivan Zadar, Dalmatia, now Croatia  
73 24 November 642
– 14 May 649
(6 years+)
Theodorus I.jpg Theodore I
Papa THEODORVS
  Jerusalem  
74 July 649
– 16 September 655
(6 years+)
Pope Martin I.jpg St Martin I
Papa MARTINVS
Martino Near Todi, Umbria, Byzantine Empire Feast Day 12 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 14 April.
75 10 August 654
– 2 June 657
(2 years+)
PopeeugeneI.jpg St Eugene I
Papa EVGENIVS
Eugenio Rome  
76 30 July 657
– 27 January 672
(14 years+)
Pope Vitalian.jpg St Vitalian
Papa VITALIANVS
  Segni, Byzantine Empire  
77 11 April 672
– 17 June 676
(4 years+)
Adeodatus II.jpg Adeodatus II, O.S.B.
Papa ADEODATVS Secundus
  Rome, Byzantine Empire Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) in reference to Pope Adeodatus I sometimes being called Pope Deusdedit. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
78 2 November 676
– 11 April 678
(1 year+)
Popedonus.jpg Donus
Papa DONVS
  Rome, Byzantine Empire  
79 27 June 678
– 10 January 681
(2 years+)
Agatho.gif St Agatho
Papa AGATHO
  Sicily Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
80 December 681
– 3 July 683
(1 year+)
LeoII-s.jpg St Leo II
Papa LEO Secundus
Leo Sicily Feast day 3 July
81 26 June 684
– 8 May 685
(317 days)
BenedictII.jpg St Benedict II
Papa BENEDICTVS Secundus
Benedetto Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 7 May
82 12 July 685
– 2 August 686
(1 year+)
Johannes V.jpg John V
Papa IOANNES Quintus
  Syria  
83 21 October 686
– 22 September 687
(335 days)
Konon.jpg Conon
Papa CONON
     
84 15 December 687
– 8 September 701
(13 years+)
Sergius I.jpg St Sergius I
Papa SERGIVS
  Sicily  

8th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
85 30 October 701
– 11 January 705
(3 years+)
John VI.jpg John VI
Papa IOANNES Sextus
Ιωάννης Greece  
86 1 March 705
– 18 October 707
(2 years+)
Byzantinischer Mosaizist um 705 002.jpg John VII
Papa IOANNES Septimus
Ιωάννης Rossano - Calabria Second pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor
87 15 January 708
– 4 February 708
(21 days)
Sisinnius.jpg Sisinnius
Papa SISINNIVS
  Syria  
88 25 March 708
– 9 April 715
(7 years+)
PopeConstantine.jpg Constantine
Papa COSTANTINVS sive CONSTANTINVS
  Syria Last pope to visit Greece while in office, until John Paul II in 2001
89 19 May 715
– 11 February 731
(15 years+)
GregoryII.jpg St Gregory II
Papa GREGORIVS Secundus
Gregorio Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 11 February
90 18 March 731
– 28 November 741
(10 years+)
Pope Gregory III.jpg St Gregory III
Papa GREGORIVS Tertius
  Syria Third pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Last pope (to date) to have been born outside Europe.
91 3 December 741
– 14/22 March 752
(10 years+)
Pope Zachary.jpg St Zachary
Papa ZACHARIAS
  Santa Severina - Calabria Feast day 15 March
(never consecrated) 23 March 752
– 25 March 752
(Never took office as pope)
Pope-elect Stephen.jpg Pope-elect Stephen
Papa Electus STEPHANVS
    Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election having never received episcopal consecration. Some lists still include his name. The Vatican sanctioned his addition to the list of popes in the sixteenth century; however he was removed in 1961. He is no longer considered a pope by the Catholic Church.
92 26 March 752
– 26 April 757
(5 years+)
La donacion de Pipino el Breve al Papa Esteban II.jpg Stephen II (Stephen III)
Papa STEPHANVS Secundus (Tertius)
    Sometimes called Stephen III
93 29 May 757
– 28 June 767
(10 years+)
Paul I.jpg St Paul I
Papa PAVLVS
Paolo Rome  
94 1/7 August 767
– 24 January 772
(4 years+)
StephenIII.jpg Stephen III (Stephen IV)
Papa STEPHANVS Tertius (Quartus)
Stefano Sicily Sometimes called Stephen IV
95 1 February 772
– 26 December 795
(23 years+)
Pope Adrian I.jpg Adrian I
Papa HADRIANVS
Adriano Rome  
96 26 December 795
– 12 June 816
(20 years+)
Leo III.jpg St Leo III
Papa LEO Tertius
Leo Rome Crowned Charlemagne Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 800, thereby initiating what would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur of the pope for its legitimacy

9th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
97 12 June 816 – 24 January 817 Stephen IV.jpg St Stephen IV (Stephen V)
Papa STEPHANVS Quartus (Quintus)
Stephanus     <1 Sometimes called Stephen V
98 25 January 817 – 11 February 824 Apsis - Paschalis I..gif St Paschal I
Papa PASCHALIS
Pasquale Rome   7  
99 8 May 824 – August 827 Eugene II.jpg Eugene II
Papa EVGENIVS Secundus
Eugenio Rome   3  
100 August 827 – September 827 Valentine.jpg Valentine
Papa VALENTINVS
Valentino Rome   <1  
101 827 – January 844 Greg4papa.jpg Gregory IV
Papa GREGORIVS Quartus
Gregorio Rome   17  
102 January 844 – 7 January 847 Pope Sergius II.jpg Sergius II
Papa SERGIVS Secundus
  Rome   3  
103 January 847 – 17 July 855 Pope St. Leo IV.jpg St Leo IV, O.S.B.
Papa LEO Quartus
Leo Rome   8 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
104 855 – 7 April 858 Pope Benedict III.jpg Benedict III
Papa BENEDICTVS Tertius
Benedetto Rome      
105 24 April 858 – 13 November 867 NicholasI.jpg St Nicholas I
(Nicholas the Great)
Papa NICOLAVS MAGNVS
Niccolò Rome   9  
106 14 December 867 – 14 December 872 Adrian II.jpg Adrian II
Papa HADRIANVS Secundus
Adriano Rome   5  
107 14 December 872 – 16 December 882 Pope John VIII.jpg John VIII
Papa IOANNES Octavus
Giovanni Rome   10  
108 16 December 882 – 15 May 884 Marinus I.jpg Marinus I
Papa MARINVS
Marino Gallese, Rome   1  
109 17 May 884 – c.September 885 Papa Adriano III.jpg St Adrian III
Papa HADRIANVS Tertius
Adriano Rome      
110 885 – 14 September 891 Stephen V.jpg Stephen V (Stephen VI)
Papa STEPHANVS Quintus (Sextus)
Stefano Rome     Sometimes called Stephen VI
111 19 September 891 – 4 April 896 PopeFormosusBW.jpg Formosus
Papa FORMOSVS
Formoso Ostia   4 Posthumously ritually executed following the Cadaver Synod
112 4 April 896 – 19 April 896 Boniface VI.jpg Boniface VI
Papa BONIFATIVS Sextus
Bonifacio Rome   <1  
113 22 May 896 – August 897 Stephen VI.jpg Stephen VI (Stephen VII)
Papa STEPHANVS Sextus (Septimus)
Stefano     1 Sometimes called Stephen VII
114 August 897 – November 897 Pope Romanus.jpg Romanus
Papa ROMANVS
Romano Gallese, Rome   <1  
115 December 897 Pope Theodore II.jpg Theodore II
Papa THEODORVS Secundus
Teodoro Rome   <1  
116 January 898 – January 900 John IX.jpg John IX, O.S.B.
Papa IOANNES Nonus
Giovanni Tivoli     Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
117 900 – 903 Pope Benedict IV.jpg Benedict IV
Papa BENEDICTVS Quartus
Benedetto Rome      

10th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned # years as pope Notes
118 July 903 – September 903 Pope Leo V.jpg Leo V
Papa LEO Quintus
Leo Ardea   <1  
119 29 January 904 – 14 April 911 SergiusIII.jpg Sergius III
Papa SERGIVS Tertius
Sergio Rome   7 "Saeculum obscurum" begins
120 April 911 – June 913 Pope Anastasius III.jpg Anastasius III
Papa ANASTASIVS Tertius
  Rome   2  
121 July/August 913 – February/March 914 Pope Lando.jpg Lando
Papa LANDVS
Lando Sabina   <1  
122 March 914 – May 928 Pope John X.jpg John X
Papa IOANNES Decimus
Giovanni Romagna   14  
123 May 928 – December 928 Pope Leo VI.jpg Leo VI
Papa LEO Sextus
Leo Rome   <1  
124 December 928 – February 931 Stephen VII.jpg Stephen VII (Stephen VIII)
Papa STEPHANVS Septimus (Octavus)
Stefano Rome   2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII
125 February/March 931 – December 935 Ioannes XI.jpg John XI
Papa IOANNES Undecimus
Giovanni Rome   4  
126 3 January 936 – 13 July 939 Leone-VII.jpg Leo VII, O.S.B.
Papa LEO Septimus
Leo     3 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
127 14 July 939 – October 942 Stephen VIII.png Stephen VIII (Stephen IX)
Papa STEPHANVS Octavus (Nonus)
Stephan Rome   3 Sometimes called Stephen IX
128 30 October 942 – May 946 Marinus II.jpg Marinus II
Papa MARINVS Secundus
Marino Rome   3  
129 10 May 946 – December 955 Pope Agapetus II.jpg Agapetus II
Papa AGAPITVS Secundus
Agapito Rome   9  
130 16 December 955 – 14 May 964 GiovanniXII.png John XII
Papa IOANNES Duodecimus
Octavian Rome   8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Saeculum obscurum"
131 22 May 964 – 23 June 964 Pope Benedict V.jpg Benedict V
Papa BENEDICTVS Quintus
  Rome   <1 Elected after John XII's death by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.
132 July 964 – 1 March 965 Pope Leo VIII.jpg Leo VIII
Papa LEO Octavus
  Rome   <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed
133 1 October 965 – 6 September 972 Papa Ioannes XIII.jpg John XIII
Papa IOANNES Tertius Decimus
  Rome   6  
134 19 January 973 – June 974 Pope Benedict VI.jpg Benedict VI
Papa BENEDICTVS Sextus
  Rome, Papal States   1 Deposed and murdered
135 October 974 – 10 July 983 Pope Benedict VII.jpg Benedict VII
Papa BENEDICTVS Septimus
  Rome   8  
136 December 983 – 20 August 984 Pope John XIV.jpg John XIV
Papa IOANNES Quartus Decimus
Pietro Campanora Pavia   <1  
137 August 985 – March 996 Pope John XV.jpg John XV
Papa IOANNES Quintus Decimus
  Rome   10  
138 3 May 996 – 18 February 999 Otto III wird von Papst Gregor V. zum Kaiser gesalbt.jpg Gregory V
Papa GREGORIVS Quintus
Bruno of Carinthia Germany, Holy Roman Empire   2 First German Pope
139 2 April 999 – 12 May 1003 Silvester II.JPG Sylvester II
Papa SILVESTER Secundus
Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France   4 First French Pope

11th–15th centuries

11th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
140 June 1003
– 6 December 1003
Papa Joao XVII.jpg John XVII
Papa IOANNES Septimus Decimus
Siccone Rome, Papal States  
141 25 December 1003
– July 1009
(5 years+)
Ioannes XVIII.jpg John XVIII
Papa IOANNES Duodevicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rapagnano, Papal States  
142 31 July 1009
– 12 May 1012
(2 years+)
Sergius IV.jpg Sergius IV
Papa SERGIVS Quartus
Pietro Boccapecora Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
143 18 May 1012
– 9 April 1024
(11 years+)
B Benedikt VIII.jpg Benedict VIII
Papa BENEDICTVS Octavus
Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
144 April/May 1024
– 20 October 1032
(8 years+)
B Johannes XIX.jpg John XIX
Papa IOANNES Undevicesimus
Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
145 1032–1044 Pope Benedict IX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTVS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 1st Term
146 1045 Silvestro3.jpg Sylvester III
Papa SILVESTER Tertius
John, Bishop of Sabina Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
147 1045–1046 Pope Benedict IX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTVS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
148 April/May 1045
– 20 December 1046
(1 year+)
B Gregor VI.jpg Gregory VI
Papa GREGORIVS Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Deposed at the Council of Sutri
149 24 December 1046
– 9 October 1047
(289 days)
ClemensII.jpg Clement II
Papa CLEMENS Secundus
Suidger Hornburg, Duchy of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire Appointed by Henry III at the Council of Sutri; crowned Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor.
150 November 1047
– 1048
Pope Benedict IX.jpg Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTVS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
151 17 July 1048
– 9 August 1048
(23 days)
B Damasus II1.jpg Damasus II
Papa DAMASVS Secundus
Poppo Pildenau, Duchy of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire  
152 12 February 1049
– 19 April 1054
(5 years+)
Leon IX.jpg St Leo IX
Papa LEO Nonus
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Eguisheim, Swabia, Holy Roman Empire In 1054, mutual excommunications of Leo IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius began the East–West Schism. The anathematizations were rescinded by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras in 1965.
153 13 April 1055
– 28 July 1057
(2 years+)
Vicii bild.jpg Victor II
Papa VICTOR Secundus
Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire  
154 2 August 1057
– 29 March 1058
(241 days)
B Stephan IX.jpg Stephen IX (Stephen X), O.S.B.
Papa STEPHANVS Nonus (Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine Duchy of Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
155 6 December 1058
– 27 July 1061
(2 years+)
Papa Nicolau II.jpg Nicholas II
Papa NICOLAVS Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne Château de Chevron, Kingdom of Arles  
156 30 September 1061
– 21 April 1073
(11 years+)
Papa Alexandre II.jpg Alexander II
Papa ALEXANDER Secundus
Anselmo da Baggio Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Authorised the Norman conquest of England in 1066
157 22 April 1073
– 25 May 1085
(12 years+)
Pope Gregory VII.jpg St Gregory VII, O.S.B.
Papa GREGORIVS Septimus
Hildebrand Sovana, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Gregorian Reforms. Restricted the use of title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Political struggle with German Emperor Henry IV, who had to go to Canossa (1077).
158 24 May 1086
– 16 September 1087
(1 year+)
Victor III.jpg Bd. Victor III, O.S.B.
Papa VICTOR Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Benevento, Duchy of Benevento Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
159 12 March 1088
– 29 July 1099
(11 years+)
BlUrban II.gif Bd. Urban II, O.S.B.
Papa VRBANVS Secundus
Odo of Lagery Lagery, County of Champagne, France Started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
160 13 August 1099
– 21 January 1118
(18 years+)
B Paschalis II.jpg Paschal II, O.S.B.
Papa PASCHALIS Secundus
Raniero Bleda, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.

12th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
161 24 January 1118
– 28 January 1119
(70001000000000000001 year, 70004000000000000004 days)
GelasioII.gif Gelasius II, O.S.B.
Papa GELASIVS Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Principality of Capua Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
162 2 February 1119
– 13 December 1124
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002315000000000000315 days)
Callistus II.gif Callixtus II
Papa CALLISTVS Secundus
Guido, Comte de Bourgogne Quingey, County of Burgundy, Holy Roman Empire Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
163 15 December 1124
– 13 February 1130
(70005000000000000005 years, 700160000000000000060 days)
B Honorius II.jpg Honorius II, Can.Reg.
Papa HONORIVS Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi Fiagnano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Maria di San Reno
164 14 February 1130
– 24 September 1143
(700113000000000000013 years, 7002222000000000000222 days)
B Innozenz II.jpg Innocent II, Can.Reg.
Papa INNOCENTIVS Secundus
Gregorio Papareschi Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
165 26 September 1143
– 8 March 1144
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002164000000000000164 days)
Caelestinus II.jpg Celestine II
Papa COELESTINVS Secundus
Guido Città di Castello, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
166 12 March 1144
– 15 February 1145
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002340000000000000340 days)
B Lucius II.jpg Lucius II, Can.Reg.
Papa LVCIVS Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
167 15 February 1145
– 8 July 1153
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002143000000000000143 days)
B Eugen III.jpg Bd. Eugene III, O.Cist.
Papa EVGENIVS Tertius
Bernardo da Pisa Pisa, Republic of Pisa, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Cistercians. Announced the Second Crusade.
168 8 July 1153
– 3 December 1154
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002148000000000000148 days)
B Anastasius IV.jpg Anastasius IV
Papa ANASTASIVS Quartus
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
169 4 December 1154
– 1 September 1159
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002271000000000000271 days)
Pope Hadrian IV.jpg Adrian IV, Can.Reg.
Papa HADRIANVS Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, Kingdom of England First and only English pope; purportedly granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Canon Regular of St. Rufus Monastery .
170 7 September 1159
– 30 August 1181
(700121000000000000021 years, 7002357000000000000357 days)
B-Alexander III1.jpg Alexander III
Papa ALEXANDER Tertius
Rolando Siena, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
171 1 September 1181
– 25 November 1185
(70004000000000000004 years, 700185000000000000085 days)
Pope Lucius III.png Lucius III
Papa LVCIVS Tertius
Ubaldo Lucca, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
172 25 November 1185
– 19 October 1187
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002328000000000000328 days)
B Urban III.jpg Urban III
Papa VRBANVS Tertius
Uberto Crivelli Cuggiono, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
173 21 October 1187
– 17 December 1187
(50000000000000000000 years, 700157000000000000057 days)
B Gregor VIII.jpg Gregory VIII, Can.Reg.
Papa GREGORIVS Octavus
Alberto di Morra Benevento, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular Premostratense. Proposed the Third Crusade
174 19 December 1187
– 20 March 1191
(70003000000000000003 years, 700191000000000000091 days)
B Clemens III.jpg Clement III
Papa CLEMENS Tertius
Paolo Scolari Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
175 21 March 1191
– 8 January 1198
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002293000000000000293 days)
Celestin III.jpg Celestine III
Papa COELESTINVS Tertius
Giacinto Bobone Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
176 8 January 1198
– 16 July 1216
(700118000000000000018 years, 7002190000000000000190 days)
Innozenz3.jpg Innocent III
Papa INNOCENTIVS Tertius
Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade. Initiated the medieval Inquisition in Spain and Portugal.

13th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
177C o a Onorio IV.svg 18 July 1216
– 18 March 1227
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002243000000000000243 days)
B Honorius III3.jpg Honorius III
Papa HONORIVS Tertius
Cencio Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Fifth Crusade.
178C o a Innocenzo III.svg 19 March 1227
– 22 August 1241
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002156000000000000156 days)
PopeGregoryIX.jpg Gregory IX
Papa GREGORIVS Nonus
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235. Initiated the Inquisition in France.
179C o a Celestino IV.svg 25 October 1241
– 10 November 1241
(50000000000000000000 years, 700116000000000000016 days)
B Colestin IV.jpg Celestine IV
Papa COELESTINVS Quartus
Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Died before coronation.
180C o a Adriano V.svg 25 June 1243
– 7 December 1254
(700111000000000000011 years, 7002165000000000000165 days)
Inocenc IV.jpg Innocent IV
Papa INNOCENTIVS Quartus
Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245
181C o a Innocenzo III.svg 12 December 1254
– 25 May 1261
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002164000000000000164 days)
B Alexander IV.jpg Alexander IV
Papa ALEXANDER Quartus
Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne Jenne, Papal States  
182C o a Urbano IV.svg 29 August 1261
– 2 October 1264
(70003000000000000003 years, 700134000000000000034 days)
Pope Urban IV.jpg Urban IV
Papa VRBANVS Quartus
Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, County of Champagne, France  
183C o a Clemente IV.svg 5 February 1265
– 29 November 1268
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002298000000000000298 days)
Papst Clemens IV.jpg Clement IV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus
Gui Faucoi Saint-Gilles, Languedoc, France  
N/A 29 November 1268
– 1 September 1271
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
184C o a Gregorio X.svg 1 September 1271
– 10 January 1276
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002131000000000000131 days)
B Gregor X.jpg Bd. Gregory X
Papa GREGORIVS Decimus
Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274.
185C o a Innocenzo V.svg 21 January 1276
– 22 June 1276
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002153000000000000153 days)
InnocentV.jpg Bd. Innocent V, O.P.
Papa INNOCENTIVS Quintus
Pierre de Tarentaise County of Savoy, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
186C o a Adriano V.svg 11 July 1276
– 18 August 1276
(50000000000000000000 years, 700138000000000000038 days)
Papa Adriano V.jpg Adrian V
Papa HADRIANVS Quintus
Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire  
187C o a Giovanni XXI.svg 8 September 1276
– 20 May 1277
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002254000000000000254 days)
B Johannes XXI.jpg John XXI
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Primus
Pedro Julião (a.k.a. Petrus Hispanus and Pedro Hispano) Lisbon, Portugal Due to a confusion over the numbering of popes named John in the 13th century, there was no John XX. There has never been a Pope John XX, because the 20th pope of this name, formerly Petrus Hispanus, when elected Pope in 1276, decided to skip the number XX and to be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the counting of his predecessors John XV to XIX
188C o a Niccolo III.svg 25 November 1277
– 22 August 1280
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002271000000000000271 days)
NicholasIII.jpg Nicholas III
Papa NICOLAVS Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
189C o a Martino IV.svg 22 February 1281
– 28 March 1285
(70004000000000000004 years, 700134000000000000034 days)
B Martin IV.jpg Martin IV
Papa MARTINVS Quartus
Simon de Brion Meinpicien, Touraine, France  
190C o a Onorio IV.svg 2 April 1285
– 3 April 1287
(70002000000000000002 years, 70001000000000000001 day)
PopeOnorioIV.jpg Honorius IV
Papa HONORIVS Quartus
Giacomo Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
191C o a Niccolo IV.svg 22 February 1288
– 4 April 1292
(70004000000000000004 years, 700142000000000000042 days)
NicholasIV.jpg Nicholas IV, O.F.M.
Papa NICOLAVS Quartus
Girolamo Masci Lisciano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Franciscan Order.
N/A 4 April 1292
– 5 July 1294
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
192C o a Celestino V.svg 5 July 1294
– 13 December 1294
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002161000000000000161 days)
B Colestin V.jpg St Celestine V, O.S.B.
Papa COELESTINVS Quintus
Pietro da Morrone Sant'Angelo Limosano, Kingdom of Sicily One of the few popes who resigned. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
193C o a Bonifacio VIII.svg 24 December 1294
– 11 October 1303
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002291000000000000291 days)
Bonifatius VIII Grabstatue.JPG Boniface VIII
Papa BONIFATIVS Octavus
Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  

14th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
194C o a Benedetto XI.svg 22 October 1303
– 7 July 1304
(50000000000000000000 years, 7002259000000000000259 days)
B Benedikt XI.jpg Bd. Benedict XI, O.P.
Papa BENEDICTVS Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini Treviso Member of the Dominican Order.
195C o a Clemente V.svg 5 June 1305
– 20 April 1314
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002319000000000000319 days)
Papa Clemens Quintus.jpg Clement V
Papa CLEMENS Quintus
Bertrand de Got Villandraut, Gascony, France Pope at Avignon. Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311–1312. Initiated the persecution of the Knights Templar with the Pastoralis Praeeminentiae under pressure from King Philip IV of France.
N/A 20 April 1314
– 7 August 1316
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
196C o a Giovanni XXII.svg 7 August 1316
– 4 December 1334
(700118000000000000018 years, 7002119000000000000119 days)
John22.jpg John XXII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Secundus
Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, Quercy, France Pope at Avignon
197C o a Benedetto XII.svg 20 December 1334
– 25 April 1342
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002126000000000000126 days)
Benedikt XII1.gif Benedict XII, O.Cist.
Papa BENEDICTVS Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier Saverdun, County of Foix, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians.
198C o a Gregorio XI.svg 7 May 1342
– 6 December 1352
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002213000000000000213 days)
Clemens VI.gif Clement VI, O.S.B.
Papa CLEMENS Sextus
Pierre Roger Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
199C o a Innocenzo VI.svg 18 December 1352
– 12 September 1362
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002268000000000000268 days)
Innozenz VI.gif Innocent VI
Papa INNOCENTIVS Sextus
Étienne Aubert Les Monts, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon
200C o a Urbano V.svg 28 September 1362
– 19 December 1370
(70008000000000000008 years, 700182000000000000082 days)
Urban V.gif Bd. Urban V, O.S.B.
Papa VRBANVS Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard Grizac, Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
201C o a Gregorio XI.svg 30 December 1370
– 27 March 1378
(70007000000000000007 years, 700187000000000000087 days)
PopeGregoryXI.jpg Gregory XI
Papa GREGORIVS Undecimus
Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome; last French Pope
202C o a Urbano VI.svg 8 April 1378
– 15 October 1389
(700111000000000000011 years, 7002190000000000000190 days)
Urbanus VI.jpg Urban VI
Papa VRBANVS Sextus
Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism
203C o a Bonifacio IX.svg 2 November 1389
– 1 October 1404
(700114000000000000014 years, 7002334000000000000334 days)
IX.Bonifac.jpg Boniface IX
Papa BONIFATIVS Nonus
Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Kingdom of Naples Western Schism

15th century

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
204C o a Innocenzo VII.svg 17 October 1404
– 6 November 1406
(70002000000000000002 years, 700120000000000000020 days)
Innocent VII.jpg Innocent VII
Papa INNOCENTIVS Septimus
Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Sulmona, Kingdom of Naples 65 / 67 Western Schism
205C o a Gregorio XII.svg 30 November 1406
– 4 July 1415
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002216000000000000216 days)
Gregory XII.jpg Gregory XII
Papa GREGORIVS Duodecimus
Angelo Correr Venice, Republic of Venice Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
N/A 4 July 1415
– 11 November 1417
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum Two-year period without a valid pope elected.
206C o a Martino V.svg 11 November 1417
– 20 February 1431
(700113000000000000013 years, 7002101000000000000101 days)
Pisanello, copia da Ritratto di Martino V (Galleria Colonna).jpg Martin V
Papa MARTINVS Quintus
Oddone Colonna Genazzano, Papal States 48 / 62 Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
207C o a Eugenio IV.svg 3 March 1431
– 23 February 1447
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002357000000000000357 days)
PapstEugen.jpg Eugene IV, O.S.A.
Papa EVGENIVS Quartus
Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 63 Member of the Augustinian Order. Crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433. Transferred the Council of Basel to Ferrara. It was later transferred again, to Florence, because of the Bubonic plague.
208C o a Niccolo V.svg 6 March 1447
– 24 March 1455
(70008000000000000008 years, 700118000000000000018 days)
Paus Nicolaas V door Peter Paul Rubens.jpg Nicholas V
Papa NICOLAVS Quintus
Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Republic of Genoa 49 / 57 Held Jubilee of 1450; crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome in 1452.
209C o a Callisto III.svg 8 April 1455
– 6 August 1458
(70003000000000000003 years, 7002120000000000000120 days)
Calixtus III.jpg Callixtus III
Papa CALLISTVS Tertius
Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 76 / 79 First Spanish pope
210C o a Pio II.svg 19 August 1458
– 15 August 1464
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002362000000000000362 days)
Papst pius ii.jpg Pius II
Papa PIVS Secundus
Enea Silvio Piccolomini Corsignano, Republic of Siena 52 / 58 Interest in urban planning. Founded Pienza (near Siena) as the ideal city (1462).
211C o a Paulo II.svg 30 August 1464
– 26 July 1471
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002330000000000000330 days)
Pietrobarbo.jpg Paul II
Papa PAVLVS Secundus
Pietro Barbo Venice, Republic of Venice 47 / 54 Nephew of Eugene IV
212C o a Sisto IV.svg 9 August 1471
– 12 August 1484
(700113000000000000013 years, 70003000000000000003 days)
Pope Sixtus IV (head).jpg Sixtus IV, O.F.M.
Papa XYSTVS Quartus
Francesco della Rovere Celle Ligure, Republic of Genoa 57 / 70 Member of the Franciscan Order. Commissioned the Sistine Chapel. Authorized an Inquisition targeting converted (Jewish) Christians in Spain, at the request of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.
213C o a Innocenzo VIII.svg 29 August 1484
– 25 July 1492
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002331000000000000331 days)
Innocent VIII.JPG Innocent VIII
Papa INNOCENTIVS Octavus
Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Republic of Genoa 51 / 59 Appointed Tomás de Torquemada
214Papal Arms of Alexander VI.svg 11 August 1492
– 18 August 1503
(700111000000000000011 years, 70007000000000000007 days)
Pope Alexander Vi.jpg Alexander VI
Papa ALEXANDER Sextus
Rodrigo de Lanzol-Borgia Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia, Crown of Aragon 61 / 72 Nephew of Callixtus III. Father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull Inter caetera.

16th–20th centuries

16th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
215C o a Pio II.svg 22 September 1503
– 18 October 1503
(50000000000000000000 years, 700126000000000000026 days)
PiusIII.jpg Pius III
Papa PIVS Tertius
Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Republic of Siena 64 / 64 Nephew of Pius II
216C o a Sisto IV.svg 31 October 1503
– 21 February 1513
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002113000000000000113 days)
Raffaello - Papa Giulio II - Uffizi.jpg Julius II
Papa IVLIVS Secundus
Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Republic of Genoa 59 / 69 Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512. Took effective control of the whole territory of the Papal States for the first time. Commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Proposed plans for rebuilding of St Peter's Basilica
217C o a Papas Medicis.svg 9 March 1513
– 1 December 1521
(70008000000000000008 years, 7002267000000000000267 days)
Pope-leo10.jpg Leo X
Papa LEO Decimus
Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 37 / 45 Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Excommunicated Martin Luther. Extended the Spanish Inquisition into Portugal.
218C o a Adriano VI.svg 9 January 1522
– 14 September 1523
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002248000000000000248 days)
Hadrian VI.jpg Adrian VI
Papa HADRIANVS Sextus
Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Bishopric of Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands) 62 / 64 The only Dutch pope but also known as a German Pope. Last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. The tutor of Emperor Charles V
219C o a Papas Medicis.svg 26 November 1523
– 25 September 1534
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002303000000000000303 days)
Clement VII. Sebastiano del Piombo. c.1531..jpg Clement VII
Papa CLEMENS Septimus
Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence 45 / 56 Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527. He forbade the divorce of Henry VIII and crowned Charles V Emperor at Bologna in 1530. His niece Catherine de' Medici was married to the future Henry II of France.
220C o a Paulo III.svg 13 October 1534
– 10 November 1549
(700115000000000000015 years, 700128000000000000028 days)
Tizian 083b.jpg Paul III
Papa PAVLVS Tertius
Alessandro Farnese Canino, Lazio, Papal States 66 / 81 Opened the Council of Trent in 1545. His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma.
221C o a Giulio III.svg 7 February 1550
– 29 March 1555
(70005000000000000005 years, 700150000000000000050 days)
Julius III.jpg Julius III
Papa IVLIVS Tertius
Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Papal States 62 / 67  
222C o a Marcello II.svg 9 April 1555
– 30 April or 1 May 1555
(0 years, 21/22 days)
Pope Marcellus II.jpg Marcellus II
Papa MARCELLVS Secundus
Marcello Cervini Montefano, Marche, Papal States 53 / 53 Last to use birth name as regnal name
223C o a Paulo IV.svg 23 May 1555
– 18 August 1559
(70004000000000000004 years, 700187000000000000087 days)
Pope Paul IV.PNG Paul IV, C.R.
Papa PAVLVS Quartus
Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia Irpina, Campania, Kingdom of Naples 78 / 83  
224C o a Papas Medicis.svg 26 December 1559
– 9 December 1565
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002348000000000000348 days)
Pius IV 2.jpg Pius IV
Papa PIVS Quartus
Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Duchy of Milan 60 / 66 Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
225C o a Pio V.svg 7 January 1566
– 1 May 1572
(70006000000000000006 years, 7002115000000000000115 days)
El Greco 050.jpg St Pius V, O.P.
Papa PIVS Quintus
Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Duchy of Milan 61 / 68 Member of the Dominican Order. Excommunicated Elizabeth I of England, 1570. Victory of Lepanto 1571
226C o a Gregorio XIII.svg 13 May 1572
– 10 April 1585
(700112000000000000012 years, 7002332000000000000332 days)
Gregory XIII.jpg Gregory XIII
Papa GREGORIVS Tertius Decimus
Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Papal States 70 / 83 Reform of the calendar 1582
227C o a Sisto V.svg 24 April 1585
– 27 August 1590
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002125000000000000125 days)
Sixtus5.jpg Sixtus V, O.F.M. Conv.
Papa XYSTVS Quintus
Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order.
228C o a Urbano VII.svg 15 September 1590
– 27 September 1590
(50000000000000000000 years, 700112000000000000012 days)
Pope Urban VII 1590.jpg Urban VII
Papa VRBANVS Septimus
Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Papal States 69 / 69 Shortest-reigning pope; died before coronation.
229C o a Gregorio XIV.svg 5 December 1590
– 15/16 October 1591
(0 years, 314/315 days)
Gregory XIV.PNG Gregory XIV
Papa GREGORIVS Quartus Decimus
Niccolò Sfondrati Somma Lombardo, Duchy of Milan 55 / 56
230C o a Innocenzo IX.svg 29 October 1591
– 30 December 1591
(50000000000000000000 years, 700162000000000000062 days)
Innocent IX 2.jpg Innocent IX
Papa INNOCENTIVS Nonus
Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Papal States 72 / 72
231C o a Clemente VIII.svg 30 January 1592
– 3 March 1605
(700113000000000000013 years, 700132000000000000032 days)
Clement viii.jpg Clement VIII
Papa CLEMENS Octavus
Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Papal States 55 / 69 Convened the Congregatio de Auxiliis which addressed doctrinal disputes between the Dominicans and Jesuits regarding free will and divine grace.

17th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
232C o a Papas Medicis.svg 1 April 1605
– 27 April 1605
(50000000000000000000 years, 700126000000000000026 days)
Leo XI 2.jpg Leo XI
Papa LEO Undecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Duchy of Florence 69 / 69 Nephew of Leo X.
233C o a Paulo V.svg 16 May 1605
– 28 January 1621
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002257000000000000257 days)
Pope Paul V.jpg Paul V
Papa PAVLVS Quintus
Camillo Borghese Rome, Papal States 52 / 68 Known for building projects, including the facade of St Peter's Basilica.
234C o a Gregorio XV.svg 9 February 1621
– 8 July 1623
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002149000000000000149 days)
Pope Gregory XV.jpg Gregory XV
Papa GREGORIVS Quintus Decimus
Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Papal States 67 / 69 Established the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, 1622.
235C o a Urbano VIII.svg 6 August 1623
– 29 July 1644
(700120000000000000020 years, 7002358000000000000358 days)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini - Portrait d'Urbain VIII.jpg Urban VIII
Papa VRBANVS Octavus
Maffeo Barberini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 55 / 76 Trial against Galileo Galilei
236C o a Innocenzo X.svg 15 September 1644
– 7 January 1655
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002114000000000000114 days)
Innocent-x-velazquez.jpg Innocent X
Papa INNOCENTIVS Decimus
Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Papal States 70 / 80 Great-great-great-grandson of Alexander VI.
237C o a Alessandro VII.svg 7 April 1655
– 22 May 1667
(700112000000000000012 years, 700145000000000000045 days)
Alexander VII.jpg Alexander VII
Papa ALEXANDER Septimus
Fabio Chigi Siena, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 56 / 68 Great-nephew of Paul V. Commissioned St. Peter's Square.
238C o a Clemente IX.svg 20 June 1667
– 9 December 1669
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002172000000000000172 days)
Clemens IX.jpg Clement IX
Papa CLEMENS Nonus
Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 67 / 69 Commissioned the colonnade of St. Peter's Square.
239C o a Clemente X.svg 29 April 1670
– 22 July 1676
(70006000000000000006 years, 700184000000000000084 days)
Clement X.jpg Clement X
Papa CLEMENS Decimus
Emilio Altieri Rome, Papal States 79 / 86 Canonized the first American saint, Saint Rose of Lima, 1671.
240C o a Innocenzo XI.svg 21 September 1676
– 11/12 August 1689
(12 years, 324/325 days)
InnocentXI.jpg Bd. Innocent XI
Papa INNOCENTIVS Undecimus
Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Duchy of Milan 65 / 78 Suspected to have secretly funded William III of Orange's Glorious Revolution to overthrow the Catholic James II of England.
241C o a Alessandro VIII.svg 6 October 1689
– 1 February 1691
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002118000000000000118 days)
Alexander VIII 1.jpg Alexander VIII
Papa ALEXANDER Octavus
Pietro Vito Ottoboni Venice, Republic of Venice 79 / 80  
242C o a Innocenzo XII.svg 12 July 1691
– 27 September 1700
(70009000000000000009 years, 700177000000000000077 days)
Pope Innocent XII.PNG Innocent XII
Papa INNOCENTIVS Duodecimus
Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Kingdom of Naples 76 / 85 Issued Romanum decet Pontificem, 1692.

18th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
243C o a Clemente XI.svg 23 November 1700
– 19 March 1721
(700120000000000000020 years, 7002116000000000000116 days)
Clement XI.jpg Clement XI
Papa CLEMENS Undecimus
Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Papal States 51 / 71 Chinese Rites controversy
244C o a Innocenzo XIII.svg 8 May 1721
– 7 March 1724
(70002000000000000002 years, 7002304000000000000304 days)
InnocientXIII.jpg Innocent XIII
Papa INNOCENTIVS Tertius Decimus
Michelangelo de’ Conti Poli, Lazio, Papal States 65 / 68  
245C o a Benedetto XIII.svg 29 May 1724
– 21 February 1730
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002268000000000000268 days)
Benedict XIII.jpg Benedict XIII, O.P.
Papa BENEDICTVS Tertius Decimus
Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples 75 / 81 Member of the Dominican Order. Third and last member of the Orsini family to be Pope.
246C o a Clemente XII.svg 12 July 1730
– 6 February 1740
(70009000000000000009 years, 7002209000000000000209 days)
Pope Clement XII, portrait.jpg Clement XII
Papa CLEMENS Duodecimus
Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany 78 / 87 Completed the new façade of the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, 1735. Commissioned the Trevi Fountain, 1732.
247C o a Benedetto XIV.svg 17 August 1740
– 3 May 1758
(700117000000000000017 years, 7002259000000000000259 days)
Pierre Subleyras Portrait of Benedict XIV 1746. Metropolitan Museum of Art.jpg Benedict XIV
Papa BENEDICTVS Quartus Decimus
Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Papal States 65 / 83  
248C o a Clemente XIII.svg 6 July 1758
– 2 February 1769
(700110000000000000010 years, 7002211000000000000211 days)
ClementXIII.jpeg Clement XIII
Papa CLEMENS Tertius Decimus
Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Republic of Venice 65 / 75 Provided the famous fig leaves on male statues in the Vatican. Defended the Society of Jesus in Apostolicum pascendi, 1765.
249C o a Clemente XIV.svg 19 May 1769
– 22 September 1774
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002126000000000000126 days)
Clement XIV.jpg Clement XIV, O.F.M. Conv.
Papa CLEMENS Quartus Decimus
Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Papal States 63 / 68 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Suppressed the Jesuit Order.
250C o a Pio VI.svg 15 February 1775
– 29 August 1799
(700124000000000000024 years, 7002195000000000000195 days)
Popepiusvi.jpg Pius VI
Papa PIVS Sextus
Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Condemned the French Revolution and was expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death.
N/A 29 August 1799
–14 March 1800
Sede vacante.svg Interregnum six month period without a valid pope elected. This was due to unique logistical problems (the old pope died a prisoner and the Conclave was in Venice) and a deadlock among cardinals voting.

19th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
251C o a Pio VII.svg 14 March 1800
– 20 August 1823
(700123000000000000023 years, 7002159000000000000159 days)
Jacques-Louis David 018.jpg Pius VII, O.S.B.
Papa PIVS Septimus
Count Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti Cesena, Papal States 57 / 81 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Present at Napoleon's coronation as Emperor of the French. Temporarily expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.
252C o a Leone XII.svg 28 September 1823
– 10 February 1829
(70005000000000000005 years, 7002135000000000000135 days)
Pope Leo XII.PNG Leo XII
Papa LEO Duodecimus
Count Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga Genga or Spoleto, Papal States 63 / 68 Placed the Catholic educational system under the control of the Jesuits through Quod divina sapientia, 1824.
253C o a Pio VIII.svg 31 March 1829
– 1 December 1830
(70001000000000000001 year, 7002245000000000000245 days)
Pope Pius VIII.PNG Pius VIII
Papa PIVS Octavus
Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Papal States 67 / 69 Accepted Louis Philippe I as King of the French.
254C o a Gregorio XVI.svg 2 February 1831
– 1 June 1846
(700115000000000000015 years, 7002119000000000000119 days)
Gregory XVI.jpg Gregory XVI, O.S.B. Cam.
Papa GREGORIVS Sextus Decimus
Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Republic of Venice 65 / 80 Member of the Camaldolese Order. The last non-bishop to be elected
255C o a Pio IX.svg 16 June 1846
– 7 February 1878
(700131000000000000031 years, 7002236000000000000236 days)
Popepiusix.jpg Bd. Pius IX, O.F.S.
Papa PIVS Nonus
Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Papal States 54 / 85 Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Longest serving pope in history.
256C o a Leone XIII.svg 20 February 1878
– 20 July 1903
(700125000000000000025 years, 7002150000000000000150 days)
Leo XIII.jpg Leo XIII, O.F.S.
Papa LEO Tertius Decimus
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano,Lazio, Papal States. 67 / 93 Issued the encyclical on social teaching, Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) and supported Christian democracy as against communism; the fourth-longest reigning pope after Pius IX, St Peter and John Paul II.

20th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Motto
Latin (English)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
257Pius X COA.svg 4 August 1903
– 20 August 1914
(700111000000000000011 years, 700116000000000000016 days)
PiusX, Bain.jpg St Pius X
Papa PIVS Decimus
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 68 / 79 Encouraged and expanded reception of Holy Communion, and combatted Modernistic theology. Most recent pope to be canonized.
258CoA Benedetto XV.svg 3 September 1914
– 22 January 1922
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002141000000000000141 days)
Benedictus XV.jpg Benedict XV
Papa BENEDICTVS Quintus Decimus
Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia 59 / 67 Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. Remembered by Pope Benedict XVI as "prophet of peace".
259C o a Pio XI.svg 6 February 1922
– 10 February 1939
(700117000000000000017 years, 70004000000000000004 days)
PiusXI33861u.jpg Pius XI
Papa PIVS Undecimus
Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire 64 / 81 Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state.
260Pius 12 coa.svg 2 March 1939
– 9 October 1958
(700119000000000000019 years, 7002221000000000000221 days)
PiusXII12.jpg Ven. Pius XII
Papa PIVS Duodecimus
Opus Justitiae Pax
("The work of justice [shall be] peace")
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome 63 / 82 Invoked papal infallibility in encyclical Munificentissimus Deus.
261John 23 coa.svg 28 October 1958
– 3 June 1963
(70004000000000000004 years, 7002218000000000000218 days)
JohnXXIII.jpg Bd. John XXIII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Tertius
Obedientia et Pax
("Obedience and peace")
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo 76 / 81 Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John".
262Paul 6 coa.svg 21 June 1963
– 6 August 1978
(700115000000000000015 years, 700146000000000000046 days)
Paolovi.jpg Ven. Paul VI
Papa PAVLVS Sextus
Cum Ipso in Monte
("With Him on the mount")
Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy 65 / 80 The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara. First pope to travel to the United States. Concluded Second Vatican Council.
263John paul 1 coa.svg 26 August 1978
– 28 September 1978
(50000000000000000000 years, 700133000000000000033 days)
Albino Luciani, 1969 (3).jpg Servant of God John Paul I
Papa IOANNES PAVLVS Primus
Humilitas
("Humility")
Albino Luciani Forno di Canale, Veneto, Italy 65 / 65 First pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors.
264John paul 2 coa.svg 16 October 1978
– 2 April 2005
(700126000000000000026 years, 7002168000000000000168 days)
JohannesPaul2-portrait.jpg Bd. John Paul II
Papa IOANNES PAVLVS Secundus
Totus Tuus
("Totally yours")
Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland 58 / 84 First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Canonized more saints than all predecessors. Traveled extensively. Third longest known reign after Pius IX and St Peter. Recently beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.

21st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Motto
Latin (English)
Personal name Place of birth Age at start/end of papacy Notes
265BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg 19 April 2005 –
28 February 2013
(70007000000000000007 years, 7002315000000000000315 days)
Benedykt XVI (2010-10-17) 4.jpg Benedict XVI
Papa BENEDICTVS Sextus Decimus
Cooperatores Veritatis
("Cooperators of the truth")
Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany 78 / 85 Oldest to become pope since Pope Clement XII in 1730. Elevated the Tridentine Mass to a more prominent position. First pope to renounce the Papacy on his own initiative since Pope Celestine V in 1294, retaining regnal name with title of "pope emeritus".
266Coat of arms of Jorge Mario Bergoglio.svg 13 March 2013
– Present
Card. Jorge Bergoglio SJ, 2008.jpg Francis
Papa FRANCISCVS
Jorge Mario Bergoglio Buenos Aires, Argentina 76 First pope born outside Europe since St. Gregory III, and first born in the Americas. First Jesuit pope.

Religious orders

34 popes have been members of religious orders. These have included:

  • Benedictines (17):-
    • Gregory I, Boniface IV, Adeodatus II, Leo IV, John IX, Leo VII, Stephen IX, Gregory VII, Victor III, Urban II, Paschal II, Gelasius II, Celestine V, Clement VI, Urban V, Pius VII
  • and including Camaldolese (1):-
    • Gregory XVI
  • Augustinians (6):-
    • Eugene IV
  • and including Canons Regular (5):-
    • Honorius II, Innocent II, Lucius II, Gregory VIII, Adrian IV
  • Dominicans (4):-
    • Innocent V, Benedict XI, Pius V, Benedict XIII
  • Franciscans (4):-
    • Nicholas IV, Sixtus IV
  • and including Conventual Franciscans (2):-
    • Sixtus V, Clement XIV
  • Cistercians (2):-
    • Eugene III, Benedict XII
  • Jesuits (1):-
    • Francis

Notes on numbering of popes

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356–357), Boniface VII (974, 984–985), John XVI (997–998), Benedict X (1058–1059) and Alexander V (1409–1410) are not listed because all of them are considered antipopes.
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II; however, most lists still call the last two Felixes Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.
  • Pope-elect Stephen, who died before being consecrated, has not been on the Vatican's official list of popes since 1961, but appears on lists dating from before 1960. The numbering of following popes called Stephen are nowadays given as Pope Stephen II (752–757) to Pope Stephen IX (1057–1058), rather than Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, erroneously, Simon de Brion became Pope Martin IV.
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name.
  • Pope Joan also never existed; however, legends about her may have originated from stories about the pornocracy.
  • The status of Antipope John XXIII was uncertain for hundreds of years, and was finally settled in 1958 when Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli announced his own name as John XXIII. Baldassare Cossa, who was Antipope John XXIII, served as a Cardinal of the reunited church before his death in 1419 and his remains are found in the Florence Baptistery.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_popes





Re-published from TrueChristianity.info in March 2013



 

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