XML markup languages glossary
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This is a list of XML markup languages.
- AdsML: Markup language used for interchange of data between advertising systems.
- AIMS: Agricultural Ontology Service.
- AIML: Markup language used for creating artificial intelligence chatterbots.
- Attention Profiling Mark-up Language (APML): format for capturing a person’s interests and dislikes.
- Atom (standard): The Atom Syndication Format is a language used for web feeds.
- Automated Test Markup Language (ATML): defines a standard exchange medium for sharing information between components of automatic test systems.
- Attention.xml: This is part of an open standards community effort to update (even rethink and rewrite) the Attention.xml format on a strong foundation of research of existing examples and formats, as well as leveraging the Attention.XML implementation experience from Attensa, CommerceNet, Technorati, and any other interested Attention developers.
- aecXML: a mark-up language which uses Industry Foundation Classes to create a vendor-neutral means to access data generated by Building Information Modeling.
- Auto-lead Data Format: an open XML-based standard specifically for communicating consumer purchase requests to automotive dealerships.
- BeerXML: a free XML based data description standard for the exchange of brewing data.
- Binary Format Description language: an extension of XSIL which has added conditionals and the ability to reference files by their stream numbers, rather than by their public URLs.
- Biological Dynamics Markup Language (BDML): is an XML format for quantitative data describing biological dynamics.
- Business Intelligence Markup Language (BIML): is an XML dialect for defining business intelligence (BI) assets.
- Business Process Execution Language: a business process modeling language that is executable.
- Call Control eXtensible Markup Language: a standard designed to provide telephony support to VoiceXML.
- CellML: a language describing mathematical models.
- Channel Definition Format (CDF): is an XML file format formerly used in conjunction with Microsoft's Active Channel, Active Desktop and Smart Offline Favorites technologies.
- Chemical Markup Language (ChemML or CML): is an approach to managing molecular information using tools such as XML and Java. It was the first domain specific implementation based strictly on XML, first based on a DTD and later on an XML Schema, the most robust and widely used system for precise information management in many areas.
- ClaML: Classification Markup Language for health informatics, accepted as European Norm EN 14463:2007.
- Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC): is an open, multidisciplinary, neutral, 501(c)(3) non-profit standards developing organization (SDO) that has been working through productive, consensus-based collaborative teams, since its formation in 1997, to develop global standards and innovations to streamline medical research and ensure a link with healthcare.
- Clinical Document Architecture (CDA): is an XML-based markup standard intended to specify the encoding, structure and semantics of clinical documents for exchange. CDA is an ANSI-certified standard from Health Level Seven International (HL7.org).
- CMRL: a markup language for concise message content.
- COLLADA: a standard for exchanging digital assets among various graphics software applications.
- Common Alerting Protocol (CAP): is an XML-based data format for exchanging public warnings and emergencies between alerting technologies. CAP allows a warning message to be consistently disseminated simultaneously over many warning systems to many applications.
- CXML: a protocol intended for communication of business documents between procurement applications, e-commerce hubs and suppliers.
- Darwin Information Typing Architecture (DITA): A document format used by publishers.
- Data center markup language (DCML): is an XML-based markup language which provides a means for describing data center environments such as dependencies between data center components and managerial policies governing those environments with an open, vendor-neutral language.
- Diag-ML: for Integrated Diagnostics and Health Management.
- dicML: for monolingual and bilingual dictionaries.
- Digital Forensics XML (DFXML): is an XML language used to automate digital forensics processing. DFXML contains information about both the results of forensic processing and the tools used to perform the processing (provenance). Currently there is no Digital Forensics XML standard and there is no fixed schema. There is a draft schema available from NIST.
- Dimensional Markup Language (DML): is an XML format definition tailored to the needs of dimensional results for Discrete manufacturing. The purpose is to haul the results between applications that generate or use dimensional information.
- Directory Service Markup Language (DSML): is a representation of directory service information in an XML syntax. The DSML version 1 effort was announced on July 12, 1999 by creator Bowstreet (subsequently acquired by IBM in 2005). Initiative supporters include AOL-Netscape, Sun Microsystems, Oracle, Novell, Microsoft, and IBM. It resulted in a Document Type Definition for a file containing the XML representation of entries in the LDAP data model, similar in spirit to LDIF. The DSML version 2 effort was promulgated in OASIS in 2001. It resulted in an XML schema for the representation of directory access operations based on that of LDAP, that could be carried in SOAP.
- DisplayML: is an open, free-to-use protocol for encoding display information for display devices. It is based upon XML messages with a Request/Response model where the display device works as the server.
- DocBook: a markup language for technical documentation.
- Document Schema Definition Languages (DSDL): is a framework within which multiple validation tasks of different types can be applied to an XML document in order to achieve more complete validation results than just the application of a single technology.
- Document Structure Description (DSD): a schema language for XML, that is, a language for describing valid XML documents. It's an alternative to DTD or the W3C XML Schema.
- EAC: Encoded Archival Context.
- EAD: Encoded Archival Description.
- ebXML: a collection of Electronic Business specifications.
- eLML: eLesson Markup Language.
- EMML: Enterprise Mashup Markup Language.
- ENML: eNotarization Markup Language.
- ENML: Evernote Markup Language.
- EPPML: Extensible Postal Product Model and Language.
- EPUB: electronic publication, open e-book format.
- Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML): is a declarative XML-based language developed by Microsoft that is used for initializing structured values and objects. It is available under Microsoft's Open Specification Promise.
- Extensible Data Format (X): is an XML standard (specified as a DTD) developed by NASA, meant to be used throughout scientific disciplines. In many ways it is akin to XSIL, Extensible Scientific Interchange Language. NASA provides two XDF APIs, in Perl and in Java.
- Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP): is a communications protocol for message-oriented middleware based on XML (Extensible Markup Language).
- Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP): is a flexible protocol designed for allocating objects within registries over the Internet. The motivation for the creation of EPP was to create a robust and flexible protocol that could provide communication between domain name registries and domain name registrars.
- Extensible Resource Identifier (XRI): is a scheme and resolution protocol for abstract identifiers compatible with Uniform Resource Identifiers and Internationalized Resource Identifiers, developed by the XRI Technical Committee at OASIS.
- Extensible Stylesheet Language (XSL): is used to refer to a family of languages used to transform and render XML documents.
- Facelets VDL: View declaration language used in the Facelets framework and JavaServer Faces.
- FDCML: Field Device Configuration Markup Language.
- FDML: Flow Description Markup Language, obsolete language from IBM, superseded by BPEL, used for making executable business process/workflow models for WebSphere Application Server.
- FicML: Fiction Markup Language.
- FictionBook: an e-book format.
- FieldML: Field Modelling/Markup Language.
- FleXML: an XML transformation language.
- FpML: Financial Products Markup Language.
- Financial Transaction eXchange: FTX a finance specific derivation of XML
- FXT: transformation specification for the Functional XML Transformation Tool.
- Geography Markup Language (GML): a grammar defined by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) to express geographical features.
- GeoSciML: a GML Application Schema that can be used to transfer information about geology, with an emphasis on the «interpreted geology» that is conventionally portrayed on geologic maps.
- GJXDM: a data reference model for the exchange of information within the justice and public safety communities.
- GPX: a language designed for transferring GPS data between software applications.
- GraphML: a standard exchange format for graphs.
- GXA: an extension of SOAP being worked on by Microsoft, IBM and some other developers.
- GXL: a standard exchange format for graphs.
- Green Building XML: also known as «gbXML», a schema to facilitate the transfer of building properties stored in 3D building information models (BIM) to engineering analysis tools, especially energy and building performance analysis.
- HML (Histoimmunogenics Markup Language).
- HumanML: for describing contextual (emotional, social, pragmatic) information about instances of human communication.
- HunspellXML: human-readable intermediate format for producing Hunspell dictionary files.
- Information and Content Exchange (ICE): is an XML-based protocol used for content syndication via the Internet. By using XML both sender and receiver have an agreed-upon language in which to communicate.
- Industry Foundation Classes: specifically the «ifcXML» format, defined by ISO 10303-28 («STEP-XML»), having file extension «.ifcXML». This format is suitable for interoperability with XML tools and exchanging partial building models.
- Immersive Media Markup Language: also known as IMML, used to define 3D spaces in the VastPark 3D platform.
- JATS: a vocabulary used for the preparation and publication of scholarly articles.
- Java Speech Markup Language: a language for annotating text input to speech synthesizers.
- Job Definition Format: a standard developed by the graphic arts industry to facilitate cross-vendor workflow implementations.
- Job Submission Description Language: describes simple tasks to non-interactive computer execution systems.
- Keyhole Markup Language (KML): is an XML notation for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth browsers. KML was developed for use with Google Earth, which was originally named Keyhole Earth Viewer. It was created by Keyhole, Inc, which was acquired by Google in 2004. KML became an international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium in 2008.
- LandXML: a non-proprietary standard for data exchange among the land development, civil engineering and surveying communities. The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Land and Infrastructure Standards Working Group (LandInfraSWG) developed a UML as-is conceptual model of LandXML-1.2 that revealed problems with LandXML and broad disparity with the OGC standards baseline. The OGC LandInfraSWG will develop a new candidate standard – the OGC InfraGML Encoding Standard – that provides a use case driven subset of LandXML functionality, but is implemented with GML and supported by a UML conceptual model. Work is being done jointly with buildingSMART International.
- Lenex: exchange format for swimming data.
- Lightweight Interactive Multimedia Environment (LIME): An XML/HTML-based application framework for IPTV service.
- LGML: Linguistics Markup Language, for describing natural languages
- Link contract: is an approach to data control in a distributed data sharing network. Link contracts are a key feature of the XDI specifications under development at OASIS.
- LOGML: Log Markup Language, for describing the log reports of web servers.
- MARCXML: a schema developed by the Library of Congress to enable the sharing and accessing of bibliographic information.
- MathML: a language describing mathematical notation.
- Medical Markup Language.
- MapjectsFML: a declarative Mapjects language describing mathematical fraud probability in financial transactions also supports interop for IFX.
- Medical Reality Markup Language (MRML): is a language implemented as a type of XML document, with new tags defined to handle medical image data types such as volumes, models or coordinate transforms.
- Microformats: a piece mark up that allows expression of semantics in an HTML (or XHTML) web page.
- MOWL: semantic interactions with multimedia content.
- Music Encoding Initiative (MEI): an XML-based language for digital representations of music notation documents.
- Music Markup Language (MML): is an XML application to describe music objects and events, using different modules and markup. MML can be delivered in different formats, such as text, block bars or piano roll, Common Western Notation or MIDI-devices.
- MusicXML: an XML-based music notation file format.
- MXML: a language used to declaratively lay-out the interface of applications, and also to implement complex business logic and rich internet application behaviors.
- MJML: a preprocesser definition to markup Mapjects structure for logistics assets under project automation.
- Namespace Routing Language (NRL): schema consists of a mapping from namespace URIs to schema URIs. An NRL schema is written in XML.
- Namespace-based Validation Dispatching Language (NVDL): is an XML schema language for validating XML documents that integrate with multiple namespaces. It is an ISO/IEC standard, and it is Part 4 of the DSDL schema specification. Much of the work on NVDL is based on the older Namespace Routing Language.
- National Information Exchange Model (NIEM): is an XML-based information exchange framework from the United States. NIEM represents a collaborative partnership of agencies and organizations across all levels of government (federal, state, tribal, and local) and with private industry.
- Nested Context Language (NCL): is a declarative authoring language for hypermedia documents. NCL documents do not contain multimedia elements such as audio or video content; rather they function as a "glue" language that specifies how multimedia components are related.
- NewsML: provides a media-independent, structural framework for multi-media news (Superseded by NewsML-G2).
- NewsML-G2: an XML multimedia news exchange format standard of the IPTC, the International Press Telecommunications Council.
- NeXML: an XML representation of the NeXus data format.
- NeuroML: computational neuroscience models.
- ODD: A ‘One Document Does-it-all’ TEI format for simultaneously recording project documentation and meta-schema definition from which you can generate RELAX NG, W3C XML Schema, and DTDs as well as formatted documentation.
- ODRL: an XML-based standard Rights Expression Language (REL) used in Digital Rights Management systems.
- Office Open XML: is a Microsoft file format specification for the storage of electronic documents.
- OFX: Open Financial Exchange is a unified specification for the electronic exchange of financial data between financial institutions, businesses and consumers via the Internet.
- OIOXML: an XML-markup language created by the Danish government to ease communication from, to and between Danish governmental instances.
- Open Mathematical Documents (OMDoc): based on OpenMath and MathML, but with a greater coverage.
- OML: an XML format for outlines, based on OPML.
- Open eBook: the e-book format defined by Open eBook Publication Structure Specification; superseded by ePub.
- Open Scripture Information Standard (OSIS): an XML-markup schema that defines tags for marking up Bibles, theological commentaries, and other related literature.
- OpenDocument (ODF): a document file format used for describing electronic documents.
- OpenMath: a markup language for mathematical formulae which can complement MathML.
- OPML: an XML format for outlines.
- phyloXML: XML for phylogenetic and phylogenomic applications.
- PMML: XML for predictive analytics and data mining.
- PNML: Petri Net Markup Language.
- PDBML: XML for Protein Data Bank.
- RailML: language for interoperability in railway industry applications.
- RAML: vocabulary for describing relational algebra expressions.
- Resource Description Framework in Attributes (RDFa): is a W3C Recommendation that adds a set of attribute-level extensions to HTML, XHTML and various XML-based document types for embedding rich metadata within Web documents.
- RDF Inference Language.
- Recipe Markup Language (RecipeML): formerly known as DESSERT (Document Encoding and Structuring Specification for Electronic Recipe Transfer), is an XML-based format for marking up recipes.
- Regular Language description for XML (RELAX): is a specification for describing XML-based languages. A description written in RELAX is called a RELAX grammar.
- RELAX NG (REgular LAnguage for XML Next Generation): is a schema language for XML - a RELAX NG schema specifies a pattern for the structure and content of an XML document. A RELAX NG schema is itself an XML document but RELAX NG also offers a popular compact, non-XML syntax.
- REML: Recipe Exchange Markup Language, non-proprietary (BSD license), English-based.
- Remote Telescope Markup Language.
- Resource Description Framework: a metadata model based upon the idea of making statements about web resources.
- RoadXML: file format for driving simulator database.
- RSS (file format): (Rich Site Summary; originally RDF Site Summary; often called Really Simple Syndication). Uses a family of standard web feed formats to publish frequently updated information: blog entries, news headlines, audio, video.
- RSS enclosure are a way of attaching multimedia content to RSS feeds by providing the URL of a file associated with an entry, such as an MP3 file to a music recommendation or a photo to a diary entry.
- RuleML: a markup language for rules.
- S5 file format: slideshow data.
- SAML: authentication and authorization data.
- SBML: models of biological processes.
- SBGN: graphical representation of cellular processes and biological networks.
- SDML: Data for marine electronics shared on Internet.
- Schematron: an XML structure validation language for making assertions about the presence or absence of patterns in trees.
- SCORM: XML for web-based e-learning.
- SCXML: provides a generic state-machine based execution environment based on Harel statecharts.
- Shopinfo.xml: provides shop and product data.
- Simple Sharing Extensions.
- SMIL: Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language describes multimedia presentations.
- SOAP: a protocol for exchanging XML-based messages over computer networks.
- SOAP with Attachments: the method of using Web Services to send and receive files using a combination of SOAP and MIME, primarily over HTTP.
- Speech Application Language Tags (SALT): is an XML-based markup language that is used in HTML and XHTML pages to add voice recognition capabilities to web-based applications.
- Speech Synthesis Markup Language: a language for speech synthesis applications.
- SPML: user, resource and service provisioning information.
- Strategy Markup Language (StratML): an XML vocabulary and schema for strategic and performance plans and reports.
- Streaming Transformations for XML: a XML transformation language .intended as a high-speed, low memory consumption alternative to XSLT.
- SVG: Scalable Vector Graphics.
- SXBL: defines the presentation and interactive behavior of elements described in SVG.
- TagML: Markup an XML file for translation purpose by identifying tags and content in «normal», «internal», or «external» styles. «Normal» text are translatable, «internal» text are involved in translation, but not translatable, «external» text are excluded from translation.
- Text Encoding Initiative: guidelines for text encoding, with schemas and a mechanism to customise to individual project needs.
- ThML: Theological Markup Language created by Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL), to create electronic theological texts.
- Topicmaps: is a standard for the representation and interchange of knowledge, with an emphasis on the findability of information.
- TransducerML: Open Geospatial Consortium language for describing sensors and their output.
- Translation Memory eXchange (TMX): is an XML specification for the exchange of translation memory data between computer-aided translation and localization tools with little or no loss of critical data.
- TREX: a simple schema language.
- TumorML: Markup for describing and exchanging computational cancer models.
- Twitter Markup Language (TML): Twitter markup language — subset of RTML — both created by Jack Hidary — managed by the non-profit TML Consortium.
- Universal Description Discovery and Integration (UDDI): a registry for businesses worldwide to list themselves on the Internet.
- UnitsML: project underway at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to develop a schema for encoding scientific units of measure in XML.
- Vector Markup Language (VML): used to produce vector graphics, implemented in Microsoft Office 2000 and higher.
- Vexi: an international effort to create an easy-to-use platform for the development and delivery of internet application interfaces.
- Video Ad Serving Template VAST — Video Ad Serving Template — IAB sponsored language for use in delivery of inline/linear and non-linear video advertising online.
- VoiceXML: format for specifying interactive voice dialogues between a human and a computer.
- W3C MMI: The Multimodal Interaction Activity is an initiative from W3C aiming to provide means (mostly XML) to support Multimodal interaction scenarios on the Web.
- WDDX: Web Distributed Data eXchange.
- WaterML: standard information model for the representation of water observations data, with the intent of allowing the exchange of such data sets across information systems.
- Web feed: is a data format used for providing users with frequently updated content. Content distributors syndicate a web feed, thereby allowing users to subscribe to it. Making a collection of web feeds accessible in one spot is known as aggregation, which is performed by a news aggregator.
- Web Ontology Language: a language for defining and instantiating Web ontologies (a set of concepts within a domain and the relationships between those concepts).
- Web Services Flow Language: an XML language proposed by IBM to describe the composition of Web services, later superseded by BPEL.
- Web Services Description Language (WSDL): an XML-based language that provides a model for describing Web services.
- Web Services Dynamic Discovery (WS-Discovery): a technical specification that defines a multicast discovery protocol to locate services on a local network.
- WITSML: Wellsite information transfer standard markup language. This is a standard for transmitting technical data between organisations in the petroleum industry.
- WML: Wireless Markup Language.
- WiX: Windows installers data.
- WordprocessingML: a file format specification for the storage of electronic documents.
- WS-Policy: is a specification that allows web services to use XML to advertise their policies (on security, quality of service, etc.) and for web service consumers to specify their policy requirements.
- X3D: Extensible 3D (X3D) is an international standard for real-time 3D computer graphics, the successor to Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML).
- XAML: a declarative XML-based vector graphics markup language.
- XACML: eXtensible Access Control Markup Language.
- XAP: Antenna patterns.
- XBEL: the XML Bookmark Exchange Language.
- XBL: used to declare the behavior and look of ‘XUL’-widgets and XML elements.
- XBRL: an open data standard for financial reporting.
- xCBL: a collection of XML specifications for use in e-business.
- xCal: the XML-compliant representation of the iCalendar standard.
- XCES: an XML based standard to codify text corpus.
- XDI: sharing, linking, and synchronizing data using machine-readable structured documents that use an RDF vocabulary based on XRI structured identifiers.
- XDuce: an XML transformation language.
- XDXF: for monolingual and bilingual dictionaries.
- XFA: enhance the processing of web forms.
- XForms: a format for the specification of a data processing model for XML data and user interface(s) for the XML data, such as web forms.
- XFT: a XML language used in travel industry.
- XHTML: a markup language that has the same depth of expression as HTML, but with a syntax conforming to XML.
- XHTML Basic: is an XML-based structured markup language primarily used for simple (mainly handheld) user agents, typically mobile devices.
- XHTML Friends Network (XFN): is an HTML microformat developed by Global Multimedia Protocols Group that provides a simple way to represent human relationships using links.
- XHTML Modularization: is a methodology for producing modularized markup languages in a number of different schema languages (currently DTDs, XML Schema and Relax NG) so that the modules can easily be plugged together to create markup languages.
- XidML: an open standard used within the flight test instrumentation industry that describes instrumentation and how data is acquired, stored, transmitted and processed.
- XInclude: a processing model and syntax for general purpose XML inclusion.
- XLIFF: XML Localization Interchange File Format, a format created to standardize localization.
- XLink: a language used for creating hyperlinks in XML documents.
- XMI: an OMG standard for exchanging metadata information via XML. The most common use of XMI is as an interchange format for UML models.
- XML Encryption: a specification that defines how to encrypt the content of an XML element.
- XML Information Set: describing an abstract data model of an XML document in terms of a set of information items.
- XML Interface for Network Services: definition and implementation of internet applications, enforcing a specification-oriented approach.
- XML Resource: provide a platform independent way of describing windows in a GUI.
- XML Schema: a description of a type of XML document, typically expressed in terms of constraints on the structure and content of documents of that type, above and beyond the basic syntax constraints imposed by XML itself.
- XML Script: an XML transformation language, or a Microsoft technology preview for scripting web browsers.
- XML Signature: an XML syntax for digital signatures.
- XML for Analysis: data access in analytical systems, such as OLAP and Data Mining.
- XML pipeline: a language expressing how XML transformations are connected together.
- XML-RPC: a remote procedure call protocol which uses XML to encode its calls and HTTP as a transport mechanism.
- XMLmosaic: a programming language contained in xml code. The xml describes relationships between classes and contains the procedures.
- XMLTerm: a Mozilla-based Semantic User Interface.
- XMLTV: a format to represent TV listings.
- XOMGL: obtain large amounts of data from municipal government agencies.
- XOXO: an XML microformat for publishing outlines, lists, and blogrolls on the Web.
- XPDL: interchange Business Process definitions between different workflow products.
- XPath (or XPath 1.0): an expression language for addressing portions of an XML document.
- XPath 2.0: a language for addressing portions of XML documents, successor of XPath 1.0.
- XPointer: a system for addressing components of XML based internet media.
- XProc: a W3C standard language to describe XML Pipeline.
- XQuery: a query language designed to query collections of XML data (similar to SQL).
- XrML: the eXtensible Rights Markup Language, or the Rights Expression Language (REL) for MPEG-21.
- XRules: a rules language that expresses constraints, calculations, interdependencies, and properties that describe and exist among elements and attributes of an XML document.
- XSIL: an XML-based transport language for scientific data.
- XSL Formatting Objects: a markup language for XML document formatting which is most often used to generate PDFs.
- XSL Transformations: a language used for the transformation of XML documents.
- XSPF: a playlist format for digital media.
- XTCE: describes binary blocks for telemetry and command exchange.
- XUL: a XML user interface markup language developed by the Mozilla project.
- XUpdate: a lightweight query language for modifying XML data.
Published in March 2017.
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