Adequate Employment See Unsubsidized Employment.
Administrative Costs All direct and indirect costs
associated with the supervision and management of the program. These costs
shall include the administrative costs, both direct and indirect, of recipients
and sub-recipients of the grant funds.
Adult Basic Education Education for adults whose inability
to speak, read or write the English language or to effectively reason
mathematically, constitutes a substantial impairment of their ability to get or
retain employment commensurate with their real ability, which is designed to
help eliminate such inability and raise the level, of education of such
individuals with a view to making them less likely to become dependent on
others, to improve their ability to benefit from occupational training and
otherwise increase their opportunities for more productive and profitable
employment, and to make them better able to meet their adult
Ancillary Services Employment and training related
activities other than core training which may enhance a participant's
Apprenticeship Training A formal occupational training
program which combines on-the-job training and related instruction and in which
workers learn the practical and conceptual skills required for a skilled
occupation, craft, or trade. It may be registered or unregistered.
Assurances and Certifications The act of certifying
compliance with applicable federal and state laws and regulations regarding the
receipt and expenditures of grant monies.
ASVET Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and
Average Wage at Placement This is an average of the wages
earned by participants upon entering employment.
Barriers to Employment Characteristics that may hinder an
individual's hiring, promotion or participation in the labor force. Some
examples of individuals who may face barriers to employment include: single
parents, displaced homemakers, youth, public assistance recipients, older
workers, substance abusers, teenage parents, veterans, ethnic minorities, and
those with limited English speaking ability or a criminal record or with a lack
of education, work experience, credentials, child care arrangements,
transportation or alternative working patterns.
Case Management A client centered approach in the delivery
of services, designed to prepare and coordinate comprehensive employment plans
for participants, to assure access to the necessary training and supportive
services, and to provide support during program participation and after job
placement. In accordance with this definition, the case manager acts as a
facilitator in assisting the participant toward a successful completion of
Classroom Training Any training of the type normally
conducted in an institutional setting, including vocational education, which is
designed to provide individuals with the technical skills and information
required to perform a specific job or group of jobs. It may also include
training designed to enhance the employability of individuals by upgrading
basic skills, throughout the provision of courses such as remedial education,
training in the primary language of persons with limited English language
proficiency, or English-as-language training.
Cognizant Federal Agency The federal agency that is
assigned audit or indirect cost rate approval responsibility for a particular
recipient organization by the Office of Management and Budget. (OMB Circulars
Community-based organization (CBO) means a private
nonprofit organization that is representative of a community or a significant
segment of a community and that has demonstrated expertise and effectiveness in
the field of workforce investment.
Core Training Core training activities are employment
focused interventions which address basic vocational skills deficiencies that
prevent the participant from accessing appropriate jobs and/or occupations.
Counseling Counseling in this sense can be any form of
assistance which (1) provides guidance in the development of a participant's
vocational goals and the means to achieve those goals; and/or (2) assist a
participant with the solution to a variety of individual problems which may
pose a barrier(s) to the participant in achieving vocational goals, e.g., PTSD
counseling, substance abuse counseling, job counseling, etc.
Customized Training A training program designed to meet
the special requirements of an employer who has entered into an agreement with
a Service Delivery Area to hire individuals who are trained to the employer's
specifications. The training may occur at the employer's site or may be
provided by a training vendor able to meet the employer's requirements. Such
training usually requires a commitment from the employer to hire a specified
number of trainees who satisfactorily complete the training.
Disabled Veteran A veteran who is entitled to compensation
under laws administered by the Veterans Administration; or an individual who
was discharged or released from active duty because of service-connected
DVET Director for Veterans' Employment and Training
DVOP Disabled Veterans' Outreach Program specialist
Economically Disadvantaged means an individual who (A)
receives, or is a member of a family which receives, cash welfare payments
under a Federal, State, or local welfare program; (B) has, or is a member of a
family which has, received a total family income for the six-month period prior
to application for the program involved (exclusive of unemployment
compensation, child support payments, and welfare payments) which, in relation
to family size, was not in excess of the higher of (i) the official poverty
line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, and revised annually
in accordance with section 673 (2) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of
1981 (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)), or (ii) 70 percent of the lower living standard
income level; (C) is receiving (or has been determined within the 6-month
period prior to the application for the program involved to be eligible to
receive) food stamps pursuant to the Food Stamp Act of 1977; (D) qualified as a
homeless individual under section 103 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless
Assistance Act; (E) is a foster child on behalf of whom State or local
government payments are made or (F) in cases permitted by regulations of the
Secretary, is an individual with a disability whose income meets the
requirements of clause (A) or (B), but who is a member of a family whose income
does not meet such requirements.
Employment Development Plan (EDP) An individualized
written plan or intervention strategy for serving an individual which, as a
result of an assessment of the veteran's economic needs, vocational interests,
aptitudes, work history, etc., defines a reasonable vocational or employment
goal and the developmental services or steps required to reach the goal and
which documents the accomplishments made by the individual.
Employment Service the state level organization or public
labor exchange system affiliated with DOL's United States Employment
Entered Employment Rate This is a method used to determine
the percentage of participants who become employed. The percentage is
calculated by dividing the number of total participants who were enrolled in
the program by the number of participants who were placed or entered employment
through the program.
ETA The Employment and Training Administration
Enrolled Veteran Shall be synonymous with the term
participant. A veteran who has been determined eligible for services at intake
and who is receiving or scheduled to receive core training.
Follow-up The tracking of what happens to participants
when they leave the program for a period of 180 days after initial placement.
The reporting requirements are to include the following data/information
employment status (number of Entered Employments/Placements at 180 days after
program has ended), average hourly wage (earnings change at 180 days after
program has ended), and job retention (of those enrolled in training, provide
number of those still employed in trained occupation at 180 days after program
has ended), these measures can be used to assess long-term program performance
and activity strategies for clients with diverse characteristics.
FTE Full-time Equivalent, a personnel charge to the grant
equal to 2,080 hours per annum.
FY Fiscal Year. For federal government purposes, any
twelve month period beginning on October 1 and ending on September 30.
GED General Equivalency Diploma. A high school equivalency
diploma which is obtained by passing the General Educational Diploma
Equivalency Test which measures the application of skills and knowledge
generally associated with four years of traditional high school
In-kind services Property or services which benefit a
federally assisted project or program and which are contributed without charge
to the grantee.
Indirect Cost A cost that is incurred for a common or
joint purpose benefitting more than one cost objective and that is not readily
assignable to the cost objectives specifically benefitted.
Institutional Skills Training Skills training conducted in
an institutional setting and designed to ensure that individuals acquire the
skills, knowledge and abilities necessary to perform a job or group of jobs in
an occupation for which there is a demand.
Intake A process for screening individual applicants for
eligibility; making an initial determination whether the program can benefit
the applicants; providing information about the program, its services and the
availability of those services; and selecting individual applicants for
participation in the program.
Job Club Activities A form of job search assistance
provided in a group setting. Usually job clubs provide instruction and
assistance in completing job applications and developing resumes and focus on
maximizing employment opportunities in the labor market and developing job
leads. Many job clubs use telephone banks and provide group support to
participants before and after they interview for openings.
Job Development The process of marketing a program
participant to employers, including informing employers about what the
participant can do and soliciting a job interview for that individual with the
Job Placement Services Job placement services are geared
towards placing participants in jobs and may involve activities such as job
search assistance, training, or job development. These services are initiated
to enhance and expedite participants' transition from training to
Job Search Assistance (JSA) An activity which focuses on
building practical skills and knowledge to identify and initiate employer
contacts and conduct successful interviews with employers. Various approaches
may be used to include participation in a job club, receive instruction in
identifying personal strengths and goals, resume and application preparation,
learn interview techniques, and receive labor market information. Job search
assistance is often a self-service activity in which individuals can obtain
information about specific job openings or general job or occupational
Labor Exchange Refers to the services provided to job
seekers and employers by the State Employment Service Agencies, WIA
Service-Delivery Areas, or other entities. Services to job seekers may include
assessment, testing, counseling, provision of labor market information and
referral to prospective employers. Employer service may include accepting job
orders, screening applicants, referring qualified applicants and providing
Labor Force The sum of all civilians classified as
employed and unemployed and members of the Armed Forces stationed in the United
States. (Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 2175)
Labor market area an economically integrated geographic
area within which individuals can reside and find employment within a
reasonable distance or can readily change employment without changing their
place of residence.
Literacy and Bilingual Training See Adult Basic
LVER Local Veterans' Employment Representative
Minimum Economic Need The level of wages paid to a program
participant that will enable that participant to become economically
Minority Veterans For the purposes of this SGA, veterans
who are IV-C eligible and are members of the following ethnic categories:
African American, Hispanic, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian or Pacific
Occupational Skills Training Includes both (1) vocational
education which is designed to provide individuals with the technical skills
and information required to perform a specific job or group of jobs, and (2)
Offender Any adult or juvenile who has been subject to any
stage of the criminal justice process for whom services under this Act may be
beneficial or who requires assistance in overcoming artificial barriers to
employment resulting from a record of arrest or conviction.
OASVET Office of the Assistant Secretary for Veterans'
Employment and Training (ASVET)
On-the-job training (OJT) means training by an employer
that is provided to a paid participant while engaged in productive work in a
job that (A) provides knowledge or skills essential to the full and
adequate performance of the job; (B) provides reimbursement to the employer of
up to 50 percent of the wage rate of the participant, for the extraordinary
costs of providing the training and additional supervision related to the
training; and (C) is limited in duration as appropriate to the occupation for
which the participant is being trained, taking into account the content of the
training, the prior work experience of the participant, and the service
strategy of the participant, as appropriate. Usually in the OJT agreement, this
is a promise on the part of the employer to hire the trainee upon successful
completion of the training.
On-site Industry-specific Training This is training which
is specifically tailored to the needs of a particular employer and/or industry.
Participants may be trained according to specifications developed by an
employer for an occupation or group of occupations at a job site. Such training
is usually presented to a group of participants in an environment or job site
representative of the actual job/occupation, and there is often an obligation
on the part of the employer to hire a certain number of participants who
successfully complete the training.
Outreach An active effort by program staff to encourage
individuals in the designated service delivery area to avail themselves of
Outside Funds Resources pledged to the grant program which
have a quantified dollar value. Such resources may include training funds from
programs such as WIA Title I that are put aside for the exclusive use by
participants enrolled in a program. Outside funds do not include in-kind
Participant means an individual who has been determined to
be eligible to participate in and who is receiving services (except follow-up
services authorized under this title) under a program authorized by this title.
Participation shall be deemed to commence on the first day, following
determination of eligibility, on which the individual began receiving
subsidized employment, training, or other services provided under this title.
An individual who receives only outreach and/or intake and assessment
services does not meet this definition.
Placement The act of securing unsubsidized employment for
or by a participant.
Pre-apprenticeship Training Any training designed to
increase or upgrade specific academic, or cognitive, or physical skills
required as a prerequisite for entry into a specific trade or occupation.
Pre-enrollment Assessment The process of determining the
employability and training needs of individuals before enrolling them into the
program. Individual factors usually addressed during pre-enrollment assessment
include: an evaluation and/or measurement of vocational interests and
aptitudes, present abilities, previous education and work experience, income
requirements, and personal circumstances.
Program Resources Includes the total of both program or
grant and outside funds.
PY Program Year. The 12-month period beginning July 1, and
ending, on June 30, in the fiscal year for which the appropriation is made.
Recently Separated Veteran refers to any veteran who
applies for participation in a funded activity within 48 months after
separation from military service.
Remedial Education Educational instruction, particularly
in basic skills, to raise an individual's general competency level in order to
succeed in vocational education or skill training programs, or employment.
Service-Connected Disabled refers to (1) a veteran who is
entitled to compensation under laws administered by the Department of Veterans'
Affairs (DVA), or (2) an individual who was discharged or released from active
duty because of a service-connected disability. (29 U.S.C., Chapter 19, section
SGA Solicitation for Grant Application
Subgrant An award of financial assistance in the form of
money, or property in lieu of money, made under a grant by a grantee to an
Subgrantee The government or other legal entity to which a
subgrant is awarded and which is accountable to the grantee for the use of the
Suitable Employment See "Unsubsidized Employment"
Substance Abuser An individual dependent on alcohol or
drugs, especially narcotics, whose dependency constitutes or results in a
substantial barrier to employment.
Supportive Services means services which are necessary to
enable an individual eligible for training, but who cannot afford to pay for
such services, to participate in a training program funded under the grant.
Such supportive services may include transportation, health care, financial
assistance, (except as a post-termination service), drug and alcohol abuse
counseling and referral, individual and family counseling, special services and
materials for individuals with disabilities, job coaches, child care and
dependent care, temporary shelter, financial counseling, and other reasonable
expenses required for participation in the training program and may be provided
in-kind or through cash assistance.
Unsubsidized Employment Employment not financed from funds
provided under the grant. In the grant program the term "adequate" or
"suitable" employment is also used to mean placement in unsubsidized employment
which pays an income adequate to accommodate the participant's minimum
Upgrading and Retraining Training given to an individual
who needs such training to advance above an entry level or dead-end position.
This training shall include assisting veterans in acquiring needed state
certification to be employed in the same field as they were trained in the
military (i.e., Commercial Truck Driving License (CDL), Emergency Medical
Technician (EMT), Airframe & Powerplant (A&P), Teaching Certificate,
USDOL United States Department of Labor
USDVA United States Department of Veterans Affairs
(Formerly the Veterans Administration).
Veteran shall refer to an individual who served in the
United States active military, naval, or air service, and who was discharged or
released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable.
Veterans' Workforce Investment Program (VWIP) Reference
made to the "VWIP Program" means all activity funded by VWIP and outside
VWIP Resources This term is synonymous with VWIP
Vocational Exploration Training Through assessments such
as interest inventories and/or counseling, a process of identifying occupations
or occupational areas in which a person may find satisfaction and potential,
and for which his or her aptitudes and other qualifications may be
Welfare and/or Public Assistance recipient An individual
who, during the course of the program year, receives or is a member of a family
who receives cash welfare or public assistance payments under a Federal, State,
or local welfare program.
Workforce Investment Act (WIA) The purpose of this Act is
to establish programs to prepare youth and unskilled adults for entry into the
labor force and to afford job training to those economically disadvantaged
individuals and other individuals, including veterans, who face serious
barriers to employment and who are in need of such training to obtain
prospective employment. The Act requires the ASVET to consult with the
Secretary of the DVA to ensure that programs funded under VWIP of this Act meet
the employment and training needs of service-connected disabled, Campaign and
recently separated veterans and are coordinated, to the maximum extent
feasible, with-related programs and activities.
Work Experience A temporary activity (six months or less)
which provides an individual with the opportunity to acquire the skills and
knowledge necessary to perform a job, including appropriate work habits and
behaviors, and which may be combined with classroom or other training. When
wages are paid to a participant on work experience and when such wages are
wholly paid for under WIA, the participant may not receive this training
under a private, for profit employer.
Youth An individual, between the age of 20 and 24 years of
age, who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces.