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Workforce Development Glossary



By U.S. Department of Labor,
Constitution Avenue, NW,
Washington, DC 20210, U.S.A.

https://www.dol.gov/.../Glossary.asp?GlossaryCategoryID=3






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A | C | D | E | G | J | L | N | O | P | Q | S | W


A

Adult Basic Education (ABE) - Services or instruction below the post-secondary level for individuals who lack sufficient mastery of basic educational skills to be able to function effectively in society and who do not have a high school diploma or its equivalent.

Affirmative Action - A plan or program designed to remedy the effects of past discrimination in employment, education or other activity, and to prevent its recurrence.

C

Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) - CASAS is a nonprofit organization that provides competency-based curriculum management, assessment and evaluation systems to education and training programs.

Creaming - A term that refers to practice of selecting people who are most likely to succeed in a program to participate.

D

Department of Labor (DOL) - Federal department charged with preparing the workforce and ensuring the adequacy of the nation's workplaces.

E

Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) - The EITC is a subsidy to low-wage workers. This policy essentially makes a minimum wage job paying $4.25 worth $6.00 an hour for a family with two or more children. Together with food stamps, the expanded EITC can lift families with full-time workers out of poverty.

Economic Dislocated Workers Adjustment Assistance Act (EDWAA) - Program serving workers who have been laid off and are unlikely to find similar jobs without assistance.

English as a Second Language (ESL) / English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) - These terms are often used interchangeably to describe programs of instruction designed to help individuals of limited English proficiency.

Equipped for the Future - EFF is the National Institute for Literacy's framework for adult education that identifies what adults need to know and be able to do to be literate, compete in a global economy, and be a responsible citizen and parent.

Even Start - A national family literacy program funded by the federal government.

G

General Educational Development (GED) - A series of tests that offer people who did not finish high school the opportunity to earn high school credentials.

Glass Ceiling - Refers to invisible, artificial barriers that prevent qualified individuals from advancing within their organization and reaching full potential.

J

Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) - Federal legislation establishing programs providing job training services for dislocated workers and the economically disadvantaged.

L

Life-Skills Training - Professional association for individuals working in employment and training programs.

N

National Association of Private Industry Councils (NAPIC) - National association representing the interests of the nation's Private Industry Councils.

National Association of Workforce Development Professionals (NAWDP) - Professional association for individuals working in employment and training programs.

O

Occupational Skills Training (OST) - Training that provides vocational skills in a classroom setting.

On the Job Training (OJT) - Subsidized, short-term, hands on training.

P

Private Industry Councils (PICs) - Local public-private partnerships that plan and oversee job training and employment programs for economically disadvantaged adults and youth as well as dislocated workers.

Q

Quota - Refers to the application of preferences in efforts to meet a specific numerical outcome or goal.

S

School to Work (STW) - Federal program to prepare young people for further educational careers in high-skill, high-wage jobs.

Secretary's Commission on the Achievement of Necessary Skills (SCANS) - A Department of Labor-led effort to define the knowledge and skills required by high performance work environments and to consider how these attributes might be best assessed.

Service Providers or Intermediaries - Organizations that train individuals in hard and soft skills to ready them for success in the workplace. Many service providers also offer counseling and technical assistance to employers.

Soft Skills - Workplace standards of behavior needed to interact and cooperate effectively with co-workers and the general public.

Structured Job Search - Intensive job search activities provided through certain career counseling centers. Activities may include group sessions and phone banking to seek jobs.

W

Wage Subsidies and Tax Credits - Incentive programs targeted to business owners who hire former recipients.

Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) - Federal legislation that requires employers to provide notice of 60 days in advance of certain plant closures and mass layoffs.



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Source: https://www.dol.gov/.../Glossary.asp?GlossaryCategoryID=3






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