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English Italian Dictionary of Art and Architecture




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See also: Architecture Glossary

 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | VW

 

A

Abacus = Abaco

Altar = Altare

Angle = Angolo

Apse = Abside

B

Backgraund = Sfondo

Band = Greche

Barrel Vault = Volta A Botte

Barrow = Tumulo

Bas Relief/Low Relief = Bassorilievo

Base = Basamento

Beam = Trave

Black Jet/Ebony – Ebano

Brick = Mattone

Bronze = Bronzo

Brush = Pennello

Build = Costruire

Building = Fabbricato

Bundle Pillars = Pilastri A Fascio

Buttress = Contrafforte

C

Capital = Capitello

Capstone = Pietra Per Cimasa

Carve = Scolpire

Cathedral = Cattedrale

Ceiling = Soffitto

Cella = Cella

Centre/Centring = Centina

Ceramic = Ceramica

Choir = Coro

Circle = Cerchio

Clay = Creta

Clear Span = Corda

Colonnade = Colonnato

Column = Colonna

Commission = Commissione

Compass = Compasso

Concrete = Cemento

Conical = Conico

Construction = Costruzione

Contrapposto = Contrapposto

Conv = Trasmettere

Corbel = Peduccio

Corner = Angolo

Cornice = Cornice

Courtyard = Corte

Cromlech = Cromlech

Cross = Croce

Curvature = Curvatura

Curve = Curva

D

Decorate = Decorare

Decoration = Decoazione

Depict = Dipingere

Depiction = Raffigurazione

Depth = Profondità

Design = Progettare

Design = Disegno

Diameter = Diametro

Dolmen = Dolmen

Dome = Duomo

Draw = Disegnare

Draw = Disegnare

Drawing = Disegno

E

Earthenware = Vasellame Di Terracota

Elliptical Arch =  A. Ellittico

Embed = Conficcare

Embrasure = Strombatura

Entablature = Trabeazione

Equilateral Pointed Arch = A. A Sesto Acuto

Erect = Erigere

Eveness = Uniformità

Extrados = Estradosso

F

Facade = Facciata

Figurine = Statuetta

Flagstone = Lastra Di Pietra

Flank = Affiancare

Flanking = Fiancata

Flat = Piatto

Floor = Pavimento

Flute = Scanalatura

Flying Buttress =  Arcorampante

Foreground = Primo Piano

Fragment = Frammento

Fresco = Affresco

Frieze = Fregio

Funerary = Funerario

G

Groin Vault = Volta A Crociera

H

Handle =  Manico

Height = Altezza

High Relief – Altorilievo 

Hoops = Cerchi

Horseshoe Arch. =  A. Rialzato O A Ferro

I

Image = Immagine

Inlexed Arch =  A. Inflesso

Insciption = Iscrizione

Intrados = Intradosso

Ivory = Avorio

K

Keystone = Chiave Di Volta

L

Lancet Arch = A. A Sesto Acuto

Layer = Strato

Length = Lunghezza

Level = Livello

Light = Leggero

Limestone = Calcare

Line = Linea

Lintel = Architrave (Del Dolmen)

Looping = Ad Anello

Lozenge = Losanga

M

Male = Maschile

Marble = Marmo

Masonry = Arte Muraria

Megalith = Megalite

Metope = Metope

Milestone = Pietra Miliare

Minaret = Minareto

Monolith = Monolito

Monument = Monumento

Mosque = Moschea

Motif = Motivo

Mould = Modellare

Museum = Museo

N

Nave = Navata

Neck = Collo

Niche = Nicchia

Notche = Incisione

Nude = Nudo

O

Oblique = Obliquo

Octagonal = Ottagonale

Ogee Arch = A. Ogivale

Ornament = Ornamento

Ornate = Ornao

P

Paint = Dipingere

Palace = Palazzo

Panel = Pannello

Patron = Protettore

Pedestal = Base

Pediment = Frontone

Perspective =  Prospettiva

Pillar = Pilastro

Pinnacle = Pinnacolo

Plaster = Intonaco

Polychrome = Policromia

Polygonal = Poligonale

Portal = Portale

Pose = Posa

Post = Piedritto

Posture = Postura

Pottery = Terracotta

Preserve = Riservare

Pressure = Pressione

Proportion = Proprozione

R

Radiocarbon Dating = Datazione A Radiocarbonio

Range = Gamma

Ratio = Rapporto

Remains/Finds = Resti/Reperti

Reverse Ogee Arch = A. Ogivale Concavo

Rib/Groin = Costolone/Nervatura

Rigid = Duro

Rim = Bordo

Rinfianco = Abutment

Rise = Freccia

Roof = Tetto

Rose Window = Rosone

Round Arch/Semicircular Arch = A. A Tutto Sesto

S

Sanctuary = Santuario

Sarcophagus =  Sarcofago

Scalpel = Scalpello

Scrape = Scalfire

Sculpted = Scolpito

Sculptural = Scultoreo

Sculpture = Scultura

Segmental Arch = A.Ribassato

Shade = Ombra

Shaft = Fusto

Shape = Forma

Shouldered Flat Arch = Piattabanda

Silhouette = Sagoma

Simmetrico = Rampante

Slab = Lastra

Sloping = Inclinato

Space = Spazio

Span = Campata

Spire/Steeple = Guglia

Spout = Beccuccio

Stained Glass Window = Vetrata Istoriata

Stance= Atteggiamento

Stance = Postura

Stand = Stare In Piedi 

Statue = Statua

Stratum = Strato

Stump = Ceppo

Support = Supportare

Symmetry = Asse Di Simmetria

T

Temple = Tempio

Thick = Denso

Three Centered Arch =  A.Tricentrico

Three Foiled Cusped Arch = A. Trilobato

Three Ring Calibration = Calibrazione A Tre Cerchi

Tier = Strato

Timber = Legname

Tomb = Tomba

Tophus/Tuff = Tufo

Tower = Torre

Transept = Transetto

Triangular Arch = A. Triangolare

Triglyph = Triglifo

Trilith = Trilitico

Trompe L’oeil = Inganna L’occhio

Tufa Stone = Tufo

Tympanum/Gable = Timpano

U

Unequal Round Arch = Rampant Round Arch 

Upright Stone – Pietra Verticale

V

Vase = Vaso

Vault = Volta

Viewer = Visore

Visual = Visuale

Volume = Volume

Voussoir  =  Cuneo

W

Wax = Cera

Weight = Peso

Width = Ampiezza

Wood= Fusto

Wooden= Ligneo

 

LEMMA

TRANSLATION

MEANING

Menhir

Menhir

Pietra lunga

A term derived from the two Breton words meaning ‘long stone’ and colloquially used in northern France and the southwest of Britain for large freestanding slabs or blocks of stone. Some menhirs carry rock art, and in Brittany some were broken up and re-used as the orthostats or roof-slabs of passage graves.

Dolmen

Dolmen

A traditional French term for any kind of megalithic chambered tomb. Formerly used occasionally in England

Cromlech

Cromlech

An obsolete term formerly used to describe MEGALITHIC TOMBS. It is derived from the Welsh crom meaning ‘bent’ and llech meaning ‘flagstone’.

Capstone

---

A more or less horizontal slab or block of stone forming the top of a burial CIST or the roof of a chambered tomb.

Monolith

Monolito

A single, large, isolated stone, often shaped and usually standing upright. Synonymous with Menhir in the Neolithic of northwest Europe.

Flagstone

Pietra da lastrico

A single, large, isolated stone, often shaped and usually standing upright. Synonymous withMENHIR in the Neolithic of northwest Europe.

Thrilithon-thrilith

Trilite

An arrangement of large stones comprising two uprights with a lintel across the top. The best-known examples are at STONEHENGE, England.

Lintel-header

Architrave

Wooden beam or stone slab lying horizontally above a doorway or window opening in order to discharge the weight of the structure above.

Figuerine

Figuerine

Statuetta

Small stylized female statuettes sculptured in the round, of Upper Palaeolithic date, representing women with, in many cases, exaggerated sexual characteristics such as breasts, hips, and stomach. The faces are generally featureless and the arms and legs little emphasized. Found from southern France through to Siberia and made in stone, bone, ivory, steatite, and clay in GRAVETTIAN and related cultures.

 

Artefacts

Artefatto

Any object which has been modified, fashioned, or manufactured according to a set of humanly imposed attributes, including tools, weapons, ornaments, utensils, houses, buildings, etc. Artefacts are the basic components of MATERIAL CULTURE.

 

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* * *

TEAMWORK

Barretta Maria Antonietta, Bottigliero Miriana, Buonanno Rita, Cangiano Maria, Capone Annalisa, Cioffi Grazia, Corvino Valentina, Crispino Rosa, Cristofaro Saverio, D’alterio Simone, Daniele Giulia, De Rosa Rita, Dell’aversana Silvia, Di Carluccio Martina, Di Nardo Antonio, Di Ronza Carla, Falco Maria Lucia , Flagiello Vera, Fusco Filomena, Giordano Giulia, Granata Alessia, Granata Tiziana, Ilonzo Linda, Kompanets Oksana, Lettera Domenico, Liberti Raffaella, Lombardi Chiara, Mezzacapo Maria, Mosca Antonia, Mozzillo Nadia, Petrenga Fabiola, Pianese Michela, Picone Antonio, Rescigno Emanuele, Rosotta Maria, Saulino Danila, Schiano Mario, Taglialatela Scafati Carmine, Trinchillo Anna Maria, Trotta Gianmarco, Verde Maria.

See also: Architecture Glossary



Published - June 2011

 









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