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Swahili-English Dictionary



By Abdillahi Didier Cornice

mwanasimba@free.fr
http://mwanasimba.online.fr/






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Use the search bar to look for terms in all glossaries, dictionaries, articles and other resources simultaneously


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z



A - a

-a prep. of.

-a baridi adj. cold.

abiria n. passenger.

-abudu v. worship; adore.

-a bure adj. free.

-acha v. cease; allow; leave; let go; abandon.

-achana v. leave each other.

-achia v. leave to / for.

ada n. fee.

adabu n. good manners.

adhabu n. punishment; penalty.

-adhibu v. punish.

adhuhuri n. twelve o'clock; noon; midday.

adui Pl: maadui.n. enemy.

afadhali adv. better.

afisa Pl: maafisa.n. officer; civil servant.

afisi n. office; bureau.

Afrika n. Africa.

afya n. health.

-aga v. say farewell; say good bye.

-agana v. promise.

agano Pl: maagano.n. promise.

-agiza v. command; order.

Agosti n. August.

-agua v. foretell.

ahadi n. promise.

-a haki adj. right.

-a hatari adj. dangerous.

aha ! interjec. no !

ahsante thank you; thanks.

-a huzuni adj. dismal; gaunt; miserable; sad.

-aibisha v. do something shameful.

aibu n. shame.

aina n. kind; sort.

ajabu n. marvel; wonder.

ajali n. accident.

ajili n. reason.

-ajiri v. employ; hire.

-aka v. build in stones.

-a kawaida adj. regular; usual.

-ake poss. his; her; hers; its.

-a kenda ord num. ninth.

akiba n. economy; saving.

-a kienyeji adj. native; indigenous.

-a kigeni adj. alien; foreign; strange.

-a kike adj. female; feminine.

akili n. intelligence.

akina n. people of a certain sort.

-a kisasa adj. modern.

-a kiume adj. male; masculine.

-ako poss. your; yours.

-a kufaa adj. convenient.

-a kulia adj. right (on the -).

-a kumi ord num. tenth.

-a kupendeza adj. pleasant; agreable.

-a kushoto adj. left (on the -).

-a kutosha adj. sufficient; enough.

-a kuume adj. on the right; on the righthand.

-a kwanza ord num. first.

-a kweli adj. true.

ala Pl: nyala.Pl: maala.n. sheath.

alama n. sign; mark; spot; speckle.

alasiri n. afternoon.

-a lazima adj. necessary; must.

ala ! interjec. word of surprise.

Alhamisi n. Thursday.

-alika v. invite; make a loud clap.

Allah n. God.

ama conj. or.

amani n. peace.

-amba v. say.

amba- rel. that; who; which.

-ambia v. say; tell.

-ambiana v. tell each other.

-ambua v. peel.

-ambukiza v. infect.

-amini v. believe.

-aminifu n, adj. honnest; faithful.

-amka v. wake up; awake; rise up.

-amkia v. greet.

-amkiana v. greet each other.

-a moto adj. hot.

amri n. order.

-amsha v. wake somebody.

-amua v. settle dispute; stop a quarrel.

-amuka v. rise up; wake up.

-amuru v. order; command.

-a mwisho adj. last.

-a nane ord num. eighth.

anasa n. wealth.

-andalia v. make smth ready.

-andamana v. follow each other; manifest.

-andika v. write.

-andikia v. write to / for.

-andikiana v. write each other.

-andikwa v. be written.

anga n. light; sky (up in the - ).

-angalia v. look; look at.

-angamia v. be destroyed.

-angavu adj. brilliant.

-angaza v. flash; shine; be light.

-angu poss. my; mine.

-anguka v. fall down; fall over.

-angusha v. make smth fall; throw in wrestling.

-anika v. put smth to dry in the sun.

-a nne ord num. fourth.

-anua v. take smth out of the sun.

anwani n. address.

-anza v. start; begin.

-anzia v. start at some place.

-anzwa v. be started.

-ao poss. their; theirs.

-apa v. swear.

-a pili ord num. second.

-apiza v. curse; abuse.

-a porini adj. savage; wild.

Aprili n. April.

ardhi n. earth; soil; land.

arobaini num. forty.

arusi n. wedding.

arusi n. marriage; wedding.

-a saba ord num. seventh.

asali n. honey.

asante n. thank you; thanks.

asanteni n. thank you (plural).

asili origin.

-a siri adj. secret.

-a sita ord num. sixth.

-a sita ord num. sixth.

askari n. soldier.

asubuhi n. morning.

asubuhi njema ! int. have a good morning !

-a tano ord num. fifth.

-a tatu ord num. third.

-a tisa ord num. ninth.

ati ! interjec. say !

au conj. or.

-a utulivu adj. quiet; calm.

aya n. paragraph.

-a zamani adj. old; ancient.

-azima v. borrow; lend.

azimio Pl: maazimio. n. declaration; aim; plan.

-azimu v. propose.


B - b

baadaye adv. afterwards.

baada (ya) prep. after.

baba n. dad; father.

-babaika v. be confused.

baba mdogo n. uncle.

babu n. grandfather.

-babuka v. burn (slightly, sitting by fire).

badala (ya) adv prep. instead of.

-badili v. change; exchange.

-badilika v. be changed.

-badiliwa v. be changed.

bado adv. not yet.

bado kidogo adv. in a little while.

bahari n. sea; ocean.

Bahari ya Hindi n. Indian Ocean.

Bahari ya Sham n. Red Sea.

bahasha n. envelope.

bahati n. chance; luck.

-bahatisha v. try one's luck.

baina (ya) prep. between; among.

baisikeli n. bicycle; bike; cycle.

baka n. ringworm.

-baki v. stay; remain.

bakora n. walking stick.

bakshishi n. bakshish.

bakuli n. basin; deep round dish.

bali conj. but; but rather; however; nevertheless; yet.

balozi Pl: mabalozi. n. administrator; ambassador.

banda Pl: mabanda. n. big shed.

banda la motokaa n. garage.

bandari n. port; harbour.

-bandika v. stick; glue.

-banduka v. unstick.

bangili n. bracelet.

-banika v. roast.

bao Pl: mabao. n. plank; board; board game; goal (at soccer).

bara Pl: mabara. n. land; continent.

barabara n. road; route.

barabara adv. very well; just as it should be done.

barafu n. ice.

baraka n. blessing.

baraza n. verandah.

baraza Pl: mabaraza. n. meeting (big).

baridi n, adj. cold; cold weather.

-bariki v. bless.

barua n. letter.

baruti n. gunpowder.

basi conj. and so; that's all.

basi Pl: mabasi. n. bus.

bastola n. pistol.

bata n. duck.

bata maji n. water fowl.

bati Pl: mabati. n. corrugated iron.

-batili v. annul; cancel.

bawa Pl: mabawa. n. wing.

-baya adj. bad; nasty.

-beba v. carry on the back.

bega Pl: mabega. n. shoulder.

behewa Pl: mabehewa. n. carriage; car of a train.

bei n. price.

-bembeleza v. caress; entreat.

bendera n. flag.

bendi n. band; group of musicians.

benki n. bank.

bia n. beer.

biashara n. trade.

bibi n. grandmother.

bibi Pl: mabibi. n. lady.

Biblia n. Bible.

-bichi adj. row; unripe; uncooked.

-bidi v. be made do something.

bidii n. effort.

bila conj. without.

bilauri n. glass.

bilingani n. aubergine; egg plant.

binadamu n. human being.

binamu n. cousin.

-bingirika v. roll.

binti n. daughter.

birika n. tea pot.

-bishana v. argue.

-bishana v. quarrel with each other.

-bivu adj. ripe; mature.

bizari n. spices seeds; curry powder.

blanketi Pl: mablanketi. n. blanket.

boga Pl: maboga. n. pumpkin.

-bomoa v. knock down; break down.

bonde n. valley.

bonge Pl: mabonge. n. clod; ball of something.

bora adj. excellent; better; fine; great.

-bovu adj. bad; spoiled; rotten.

buibui n. spider.

buluu n. blue.

bundi n. owl.

bunduki n. rifle; gun.

bunge n. parliament.

buni n. coffee berry.

bure adj. useless; free; in vain.

buri n. obstinacy.

-burudisha v. cool; refresh oneself; feel good again.

busara n. wisdom.

bustani n. garden.

buu n. maggot.

bwana Pl: mabwana. n. sir; master; boss.

bwana arusi n. groom.

-bwata v. babble.

bwawa n. swamp; pool.

-bweka v. bark.


C - c

-cha v. rise (sun).

-chacha v. turn sour; go bad.

-chache adj. a few; not many.

-chafu adj. dirty.

-chafua v. make dirty; soil.

-chafya v. sneeze.

-chagua v. choose.

-chagulia v. choose for.

-chaguliwa v. be chosen.

chai n. tea.

chaki n. chalk.

chakula Pl: vyakula. n. food.

chama Pl: vyama. n. party; association; club.

chambo n. bait.

-chambua v. pick out; sort.

-chana v. comb.

chandalua Pl: vyandalua. n. mosquito net.

-changa v. collect something together.

-changa adj. young; green.

-changamsha v. make someone happy.

-changanya v. interlace; mix.

-changanyika v. mixed (become -).

-chanja v. gather (firewood).

chanuo n. comb (made of wood).

chapa n. brand; print.

chap(u) chap(u) adv. quickly; fast.

chatu n. python.

chawa n. louse; lice.

cheche n. spark.

-chefuka v. cause a feeling of nausea.

-cheka v. laugh.

-chekecha v. sift (solids).

-chekesha v. make laugh.

-chelewa v. delay; be late.

chemchemi n. spring of water; waterhole.

-chemka v. boil.

-chemsha v. make something boil.

cheo Pl: vyeo. n. rank; grade.

cherehani n. sewing machine.

cheti Pl: vyeti. n. certificate; testimony.

-cheza v. play; dance.

-chezwa v. be played.

chifu Pl: machifu. n. chief (of tribe).

chikichi n. palm-nut.

-chimba v. dig.

-chimbua v. dig something up.

chini prep. down; underneath.

chini ya prep. below; beneath; under.

-chinja v. kill; sacrifice.

-chipuka v. sprout.

-chochea v. incite; prod.

-choka v. tired (be -); tired (become -).

chokaa n. lime.

-chokesha v. tire someone.

-chokonoa v. prod.

-chokoza v. tease; bother.

-choma v. poke in; stab; prick; stick.

-choma v. burn; roast; singe.

chombo Pl: vyombo. n. utensil; household apparatus; container; vessel.

-chomeka v. be burnt.

-chomoa v. pull out.

-chomoka v. come out (of thing poked in).

-chonga v. sharpen (point).

-chongea v. slander.

choo Pl: vyoo. n. w.c.; toilet; feces; dung; excrement.

-chora v. draw.

choroko n. small green bean.

-chota v. scoop up (water); take a little; pick up.

choyo n. greed; greediness.

chozi Pl: machozi. n. tear.

chubwi n. sound of smth when it falls inwater.

-chuchumaa v. crouch.

chui n. leopard.

-chuja v. filter; sift; strain (liquids).

chuki n. bad temper.

-chukia v. hate; take offense.

-chukua v. take.

-chukulia v. take for; take to.

-chuma v. pluck; gather.

chuma Pl: vyuma. n. iron.

chumba Pl: vyumba. n. room; chamber.

chumvi n. salt.

-chuna v. skin.

-chunga v. keep; watch (animals).

-chungu adj. bitter.

chungu Pl: vyungu. n. cooking-pot.

-chungulia v. gaze at.

chungwa Pl: machungwa. n. orange.

chuo Pl: vyuo. n. institute.

chuo kikuu n. university.

chupa n. jar; bottle.

chupi n. panties.

chura Pl: vyura. n. frog.

-chutama v. crouch.

-chwa v. set (sun); get dark.


D - d

dada n. sister.

daftari n. register; exercise book.

dafu Pl: madafu. n. coconut (with milk).

dagaa n. sardine.

-dai v. claim.

daima adv. constantly; always.

-daka v. catch.

dakika n. minute.

daktari n. doctor; physician.

dalili n. sign.

damu n. blood.

-danganya v. deceive; cheat.

daraja Pl: madaraja. n. bridge.

darasa Pl: madarasa. n. class; classroom.

dari n. ceiling.

darubini n. microscope; telescope.

dau Pl: madau. n. dhow (boat).

dawa n. medicine; drug.

dawati n. writing desk.

dazani n. dozen.

debe Pl: madebe. n. tin of one gallon.

dedede n. sound of someone hitting a drum.

dengu n. lentils.

deni Pl: madeni. n. debt.

dereva Pl: madereva. n. driver.

Desemba n. December.

deski n. desk.

desturi n. custom; usage; habit; way.

dhahabu n. gold.

dhahiri n. clear; plain.

dhambi n. sin.

-dhani v. think.

E - e

edashara num. eleven.

eka n. acre.

-ekundu adj. red.

-elea v. float.

-elea v. be clear for.

-elekea v. go towards; point to.

-eleleza v. explain thoroughly.

-elewa v. understand.

-eleza v. explain.

elfu Pl: maelfu. num. mille.

-elimisha v. educate.

elimu n. education; learning.

-ema adj. good; nice.

-embamba adj. thin; narrow; slender; slim.

embe Pl: maembe. n. mango.

-enda v. go; go away.

-endelea v. go ahead.

-endesha v. drive.

-enea v. spread out.

eneo Pl: maeneo. n. area; surface.

-eneza v. spread; extend.

-enu poss. your; yours.

-enye conj. with.

-enye akili adj. able; capable.

-enye giza adj. dark; dim.

-enye nguvu adj. strong.

-enyewe pron. self; herself; himself; itself; the very thing.

-epa v. avoid; dodge; evade.

-epesi adj. quick; light; fast; rapid; swift.

-erevu adj. clever; cunning; smart; sly.

-erevuka v. become clever.

eti conj. that (namely).

-etu poss. our; ours.

-eupe adj. white; light; blank.

-eusi adj. black; dark.

-ezeka v. thatch.

F - f

-fa v. die.

-faa v. suit; be of use.

-fagia v. sweep.

fagio Pl: mafagio. n. broom.

-fahamisha v. inform; let know.

-fahamu v. understand.

fahari n. glory; pride.

faida n. profit; gain.

-faidia v. profit to.

faini n. fine.

-fanana v. look like someone else.

-fa njaa v. starve.

-fanya v. do.

-fanya kazi v. work.

-fanyia v. do for.

-fanyika v. be able be done.

-fanyikiwa v. prosper.

-fanyiza v. make do.

-fanywa v. be done.

farasi n. horse.

-faulu v. succeed; pass (exam).

Februari n. Februari.

fedha n. money; silver.

fee n. bad smell.

-ficha v. hide.

-fichwa v. be hidden.

figa Pl: mafiga. n. cooking stone.

figo Pl: mafigo. n. kidney.

-fika v. arrive.

-fikia v. reach.

fikira n. thought.

-fikiri v. think.

-fikisha v. make reach.

filimbi n. whistle.

fimbo n. stick.

-finyanga v. mould pottery.

fisi n. hyena.

fitina n. dispute.

fofofo n. how someone lies when dead.

forodha n. customs.

-fua nguo v. wash (clothes).

-fuata v. follow.

-fuatana v. follow each other.

fuawe n. anvil.

-fufua v. revive.

-fuga v. raise tame animals.

fuko n. mole.

-fukuta v. blow bellows.

-fukuza v. chase; fire.

fulana n. sweater.

fulani n. someone.

-fuma v. weave; knit; plait.

-fumba v. close; shut.

-fumbua v. open.

-fumua v. unknot.

fundi Pl: mafundi. craftsman.

-fundisha v. teach.

fundisho Pl: mafundisho. n. teaching.

fundo Pl: mafundo. n. knot.

-funga v. fast.

-funga v. fasten; tie up; shut; wrap up.

-fungana v. link together.

-fungia v. close for; close with.

-fungika v. be closed.

-fungisha v. make close.

fungo n. genet.

fungu Pl: mafungu. n. piece; part; share.

-fungua v. break the fast.

-fungua v. open; untie.

-funguka v. be opened; untied.

-funguliwa v. be opened.

-fungwa v. be closed; be imprisoned.

-funika v. cover; stop up.

-funua v. uncover.

-funza v. teach.

-fupi adj. short; brief.

-fupika v. make short.

-fura v. swell.

furaha n. joy; gladness.

-furahi v. be happy; be pleased; rejoice.

-furahisha v. rejoice.

-furika v. overflow; boil over.

-furisha v. inundate; cause overflow.

-futa v. wipe; wipe up.

futi n. foot (measure).

-fyeka v. cut down grass.

G - g

galoni n. gallon.

gamba n. scale of fish; bark of tree.

ganda Pl: maganda. n. bark; husk; peel; shell.

-ganda v. coagulate.

-gandamana v. stick sth.

gani ? interrogative. what kind of ?; what sort of ?; which .

gari Pl: magari. n. car; vehicule.

gauni Pl: magauni. n. dress.

-gawanya v. divide up.

gazeti Pl: magazeti. n. gazette; magazine; newspaper; periodical.

-geni adj. foreign; strange.

gereji Pl: magereji. n. garage.

gereza Pl: magereza. n. prison; jail.

-geua v. change.

-geuka v. change; turn around.

-geuza v. change.

ghafula adv. suddenly; all of a sudden.

ghala n. store-room; store-house.

ghali n. dear; expensive; costly; pricey.

gharama n. cost.

gharika n. flood.

ghasia n. confusion; bustle; crowding.

ghorofa n. upper part of a house; upstairs.

giza Pl: magiza. n. darkness; murk.

godoro Pl: magodoro. n. mattress.

gogo Pl: magogo. n. log.

goli n. goal.

golikipa n. goalkeeper.

gololi n. marble.

-goma v. go on strike.

-gomba v. quarrel.

-gombana v. quarrel with each other.

-gonga v. knock; hit.

-gongana v. knock against each other.

gongo n. cudgel.

-gonjwa adj. ill; sick.

goti Pl: magoti. n. knee.

gugu Pl: magugu. n. weed.

-guguna v. gnaw.

gumba n. thumb.

-gumia v. bark.

-gumu adj. hard; tough.

-guna v. grumble.

gundi n. glue.

-gundua v. startle; take by surprise.

gunia Pl: magunia. n. bag; sack of jute.

guru n. sound made when drinking water.

gurudumu Pl: magurudumu. n. wheel.

-gusa v. touch.

gwaride Pl: magwaride. n. parade.

H - h

haba n. little.

habari n. news; something new.

habari gani ? interro. how are you .

habari yako ? interro. how are you .

habari zako ? interro. how are you .

habari ? interro. what's new .

hadithi n. story.

-hadithia v. tell a story.

hafifu adj. weak; faint.

hai adj. alive.

haidhuru expression. it doesn't matter.

haja n. need.

haki n. justice.

hakika n. truth; certainty.

-hakikisha v. get certain of.

hakuna v. there is no.

halafu prep. then; afterwards.

halali adj. pure; legitimate.

hali n. condition.

halisi adv. exactly; real.

halmashauri n. instance; committee.

-hama v. move one's residence.

-hamia v. emigrate.

-hamisha v. make someone move somewhere; displace.

hamjambo nyumbani ? interro. how is the family .

hamjambo ? interro. how are you ? (plur).

hamna shida express. no problem.

hamsini num. fifty.

hamsini num. fifty.

hamu n. desire.

hao dem. those; those ones.

hapa loc. here.

hapana v. no; there is no.

hapo loc. there.

hapo kale adv. long time ago.

harag(w)e Pl: maharag(w)e. n. bean.

haraka adv. hurry; in a hurry.

-harakisha v. hurry; be quick.

Harambee ! int. let's pull together ! (Kenya).

haramu adj. forbidden.

-haribika v. be ruined; be destroyed; go bad.

-haribu v. ruin; spoil; destroy.

harufu n. smell.

harusi n. wedding.

hasa adv. exactly; just right.

hasara n. loss.

hasira n. anger.

hata prep., conj. even; until.

hata kidogo adv. not at all.

hatari n. danger; peril.

hatimaye adv. finally.

hatua n. step.

hatujambo ! v. we are well .

hawa dem. these; these ones.

haya n. modesty; shame; bashfulness.

haya dem. these.

haya ! int. O.K. .

hayo dem. those; those ones.

hebu ! int. say .

hekima n. respect; wisdom.

hela n. coin; money.

hema n. tent.

herufi n. letter (alphabet).

-hesabu v. count; calculate.

hesabu n. account; maths; arithmetic.

heshima n. respect.

-heshimiwa v. become honored.

-heshimu v. honor; respect.

hewa n. air; atmosphere.

hiari n. choice.

hicho dem. that; that one.

-hifadhi v. protect.

hii dem. this; this one; these; these ones.

hiki dem. this; this one.

hila n. trick; bad trick.

hili dem. this; this one.

hilo dem. that; that one.

-himiza v. hurry something or someone.

hirizi n. charm.

historia n. history.

-hitaji v. need.

-hitimu v. complete (education).

hivi dem. these; these ones.

hivi adv. this way.

hivi sasa adv. at once; immediately.

hivyo adv. that way.

hivyo dem. those; those ones.

hiyo dem. that; that one; those; those ones.

hizi dem. these; these ones.

hizo dem. those; those ones.

hodari adj. brave; intelligent.

hodi ! int. may I come in .

hofu n. fear.

homa n. fever.

hongo n. tribute.

honi n. horn.

hospitali n. hospital.

hoteli n. hotel; restaurant.

hotuba n. speech.

-hudhuria v. attend.

huduma n. service; help.

huenda adv. perhaps.

hujambo ? v. how are you .

huko loc. there.

huku loc. around here.

humo loc. in there.

humu loc. in here.

huo dem. that; that one.

huru adj. free.

huruma n. pity; sympathy.

-hurumia v. feel pity for.

-husu v. concern.

-hutubia v. speak a group of people.

huu dem. this; this one.

huwa adv. usually; it is customary.

huyo dem. that; that one.

huyu dem. this; this one.

huzuni n. sadness; sorrow.

-huzunia v. feel sadness for.

-huzunika v. be very sad.

I - i

-iba v. steal.

ibadi n. adoration.

Ibilisi n. Lucifer; Satan.

-ibwa v. be stolen.

idadi n. number.

idara n. department.

-iga v. imitate; mimic.

-igiza v. act (as in a play).

ijapokuwa conj. even if.

Ijumaa n. Friday.

ikiwa conj. if; provided that.

ila conj. except.

ile dem. this; this one; these; these ones.

ili conj. so that; in order to.

imani n. feath.

imara adj. strong.

-imarika v. be firm; become strong.

-imba v. sing.

-imbia v. sing for.

-inama v. bow; bend down.

-inamia v. bow someone.

-inamisha v. make something bend down.

inchi n. inch.

ingawa conj. although; though.

-ingi adj, pron. much; many.

-ingia v. enter; go in.

-ingilia v. go in for; pry into.

-ingine adj, pron. other.

-ingiza v. introduce.

ini Pl: maini. n. liver.

injini n. engine.

-inua v. lift; pull up.

-inuka v. rise up.

inzi n. fly.

ipo v. there is; there are.

-isha v. finish.

ishara n. omen; sign.

-ishi v. live; stay; dwell.

ishirini num. twenty.

-ita v. call.

-itika v. answer (a call).

-itwa v. be called; be named.

-iva v. get ripe; be cooked.

J - j

-ja v. come.

-jaa v. fill up; be full.

jahazi Pl: majahazi. n. ship; dhow.

jalala n. rubbish heap.

jamaa n. relatives; members of family.

jamani int. form of address to a group of people.

-jamba v. break wind with noise.

jambo Pl: mambo. n. affair; matter; business.

jambo ! int. hello .

jamhuri n. republic.

jamii n. group of people or things.

jana n. yesterday.

jani Pl: majani. n. leaf; leaves.

-janja adj. sly; deceitful; cunning.

Januari n. January.

jaribio Pl: majaribio. n. trial.

-jaribisha v. try.

-jaribu v. try.

jasho n. perspiration; sweat.

-jaza v. fill.

je int. hey; say; now; well; well then.

jela n. prison.

jembe Pl: ma. hoe.

jeneza n. bedstead for carrying a corpse burial.

-jenga v. build.

-jengea ua v. fence in.

jengo Pl: majengo. n. building.

jeraha Pl: majeraha. n. wound.

jeshi Pl: majeshi. n. army.

-je ? interro. how ?; well .

-jibia v. answer to.

-jibiana v. answer each other.

-jibika v. be answered.

jibini n. cheese.

-jibiwa v. be answered.

jibu Pl: majibu. n. answer; reply.

-jibu n. answer.

-jiburudisha v. refresh oneself.

jicho Pl: macho. n. eye.

-jidai v. proclaim oneself.

-jifanya v. pretend.

-jificha v. hide oneself.

-jifunza v. learn.

-jigonga v. knock oneself.

-jikinga v. protect oneself.

jiko Pl: meko. n. kitchen; stove.

jina Pl: majina. n. name.

jini n. spirit; genie; fairy.

jino Pl: meno. n. tooth; teeth.

jinsi n. sort; kind; method.

-jinyoosha v. straighten oneself.

jiografia n. geography.

-jiona v. be proud of oneself; be conceited.

jioni n. evening,; in the evening.

-jipamba v. adorn oneself.

jipu Pl: majipu. n. boil.

jirani Pl: majirani. n. neighbour; neighbor.

-jisifu v. brag; boast.

-jitahidi v. try hard.

-jitazama v. look at oneself.

-jitegemea v. rely on oneself; be autonomous.

-jitenga v. withdraw oneself; move out of the way.

-jitengenezea v. repair smth by yourself.

jiti Pl: majiti. n. big tree.

-jitolea v. volonteer.

jitu Pl: majitu. n. giant.

-jiua v. commit suicide.

-jiuliza v. ask oneself.

-jiuzulu v. abdicate; resign from office.

jiwe Pl: mawe. n. stone.

jogoo Pl: majogoo. n. cock; rooster.

joka Pl: majoka. n. big snake.

jongoo Pl: majongoo. n. millipede.

joto Pl: majoto. n. heat.

jua Pl: majua. n. sun.

-jua v. know.

jua kali n. sunshine.

-juana v. know each other.

jukwa Pl: majukwa. n. raised platform.

Julai n. July.

-julikana v. be known.

-julisha v. inform.

-juliwa v. be known.

juma Pl: majuma. n. week.

Jumamosi n. Saturday.

Jumanne n. Tuesday.

Jumapili n. Sunday.

Jumatano n. Wednesday.

Jumatatu n. Monday.

jumba Pl: majumba. n. large house or building; palace.

jumbe Pl: majumbe. n. headman; boss; chief; leader.

juni Pl: majuni. n. big bird.

Juni n. June.

-juta v. be sorry; regret.

juu adv. on top; above.

juu ya adv. on; above.

juu ya conj. across from; against; in exchange for; opposed to.

juzi n. day before yesterday.

juzi juzi adv. a few days ago; formerly.

K - k

kaa Pl: makaa. n. ember; charcoal.

kaa n. crab.

-kaa v. dwell; remain; sit.

-kaanga v. fry.

-kaba v. choke; squeeze.

kabati n. cupboard.

kabila Pl: makabila. n. tribe.

kabisa adv. quiet; altogether; completely; at all.

kabla prep. before.

kaburi Pl: makaburi. n. grave.

kadhalika n. and so on; in the same way.

kadha wa kadha adv. a few; some.

kadiri adv. how much of smth; how many of smth; about.

-kagua v. inspect; examine; look at carefully.

kahawa n. coffee.

kaka n. brother.

kaki n. khaki; kind of cloth.

kalamu n. pen; pencil.

kale adv. a long time ago.

kalenda n. calendar.

-kali adj. fierce; cruel; sharp; hot.

kama conj. like; if; as; how; like; such as; provided that.

kama kawaida adv. as usual.

-kamata v. catch; seize; catch hold of; grasp.

-kamatwa v. be caught.

kamba n. cord; rope; string.

kambi n. camp.

kamili adv. complete; exact.

-kamilika v. be completed; achieved.

-kamilisha v. finish.

kampuni n. company.

-kamua v. milk; squeeze; wring.

kamusi n. dictionary.

kamwe adv. not at all; not once; never.

-kana v. deny.

-kanda v. knead.

-kandamiza v. press.

-kandika v. daub; plaster.

kando n. edge; side.

kando ya prep. along.

kanga n. piece of cloth (for women).

kanga n. fowl; guinea fowl.

kaniki n. dark blue cloth.

kanisa n. church.

kanuni n. rule; principle.

-kanyaga v. tread; step on smth.

kanzu n. dress (for men).

kaptula n. shorts.

kapu Pl: makapu. n. large basket.

karabai n. pressure lamp.

karakana n. factory.

karamu n. party; feast.

karanga n. groundnut,; peanut.

karani Pl: makarani. clerk; employee.

karata n. playing card.

karatasi n. paper.

-karibia v. be near; come near to.

karibu prep. almost; nearby.

karibu na prep. next; near; close to.

karibuni ! int. welcome all .

karibu ! int. welcome .

karne n. century.

kasia n. paddle.

-kasirika v. become angry.

-kasirisha v. make someone angry.

kaskazi n. small rain season.

kaskazini n. north.

kasoro n. less; take away.

kasuku n. parrot.

kata n. ladle; slice.

-kata v. break; cut.

-kataa v. refuse; say no.

-katakata v. cut smth in little pieces.

-kataliwa v. be refused.

katani n. sisal.

-kataza v. refuse; forbid.

katika prep. in; inside; on; within; per.

-katika v. snap; be cut.

kati kati prep. in the middle.

katikati ya prep. among.

kati ya prep. among; between; in the middle of.

-kauka v. dry up.

kauri n. cowry.

-kavu adj. dry.

kawa Pl: makawa. n. dish cover.

-kawia v. take a long time; be late.

kazi n. work; job.

-ke adj. female.

keki n. cake.

kelele n. noise; din.

-kemea v. scold.

kenda num. nine.

kenge n. monitor lizard.

kengele n. bell.

-kenua v. show the teeth.

Kenya n. Kenya.

kesho n. tomorrow.

kesho kutwa n. day after tomorrow.

kete n. cowry.

-keti v. be sitting.

ki- pron. it is (class 7).

kiangazi n. hot dry season.

kiapo n. oath.

kiarabu n. arabic.

kiaskari adv. soldier like.

kiatu Pl: viatu. n. shoe.

kiazi Pl: viazi. n. potato; sweet potato.

kiazi kikuu n. yam.

kibaba Pl: vibaba. n. measure.

kibanda Pl: vibanda. n. cabin; hut; shack.

kibao Pl: vibao. n. board.

kibarua Pl: vibarua. n. day laborer.

kiberiti Pl: viberiti. n. match; matchbox.

kiboko Pl: viboko. n. hippo; hippopotamus.

kibuyu Pl: vibuyu. n. calebash; gourd.

kichaka Pl: vichaka. n. bush country; thicket.

kicheko Pl: vicheko. n. laughter.

kichuguu n. antheap.

kichwa Pl: vichwa. n. head.

kidari Pl: vidari. n. breastbone.

kidevu Pl: videvu. n. chin.

kidiri n. squirrel.

kidogo adv. little; a little.

kidokezi Pl: vidokezi. n. secret words; secret sign.

kidole Pl: vidole. n. finger; toe.

kidonda Pl: vidonda. n. sore; wound; ulcer.

kidonge Pl: vidonge. n. pill.

kienyeji adj. local.

kifaa Pl: vifaa. n. useful thing.

kifagio Pl: vifagio. n. broom; brush.

kifaranga Pl: vifaranga. n. chick; baby bird.

kifaransa n. French.

kifaru Pl: vifaru. n. rhino; rhinoceros.

kifo Pl: vifo. n. death.

kifua Pl: vifua. n. chest; bossom; breast.

kifudifudi n. the way someone is lying face down.

kifungu Pl: vifungu. n. little pile of smth; parentheses.

kifuniko Pl: vifuniko. n. cover; hood; lid; stopper.

kifurushi Pl: vifurushi. n. little bag; little bundle; parcel.

kiganja Pl: viganja. n. palm of the hand.

kigoda Pl: vigoda. n. stool.

kihindi n. Indian (language).

kiingereza n. English (language).

kijana Pl: vijana. n. young boy or girl; youth; youngster.

kijani n. green.

kijiji Pl: vijiji. n. village.

kijiko Pl: vijiko. n. spoon.

kijiti Pl: vijiti. n. stick.

kijito Pl: vijito. n. stream.

kijitu Pl: vijitu. n. dwarf.

kijiwe Pl: vijiwe. n. pebble.

kikapu Pl: vikapu. n. basket.

kiko Pl: viko. n. pipe.

kikohozi Pl: vikohozi. n. cough.

kikoi Pl: vikoi. n. loin cloth.

kikombe Pl: vikombe. n. cup.

kikongo Pl: vikongo. n. tendril.

kikosi Pl: vikosi. n. group of soldiers.

kikundi Pl: vikundi. n. group of people; group of animals.

kikwazo Pl: vikwazo. n. stumbling block.

kila pron. all; each; every; everyone.

kilabu Pl: vilabu. n. club.

kila siku adv. every day.

kile dem. that; that one.

kilele Pl: vilele. n. peak of a mountain.

kilemba Pl: vilemba. n. turban.

kilima Pl: vilima. n. hill.

kilindi n. deep water.

kilo n. kilo; kilogram.

kilometa n. kilometer.

kima n. monkey.

-kimbia v. run; run away.

-kimbilia v. run towards; run after.

-kimbiza v. make someone run away.

kimbunga n. cyclone; hurricane.

kimetameta Pl: vimetameta. n. sparkle; glow worm.

kimya n. quietness; silence.

kina n. kind of people.

kinanda Pl: vinanda. n. piano.

kindi n. squirrel.

-kinga v. put across.

-kingama v. lie across.

kinu Pl: vinu. n. mortar (for pounding).

kinyama adv. animal like.

kinyonga Pl: vinyonga. n. chameleon.

kinyozi Pl: vinyozi. n. barber.

kinyume prep. opposite.

kinywa Pl: vinywa. n. mouth.

kiongozi Pl: viongozi. n. leader.

kioo Pl: vioo. n. mirror; looking glass.

kiota n. nest.

kipande Pl: vipande. n. piece; fragment; lump; splinter; share; part; spare part.

kipendo Pl: vipendo. n. mark of affection.

kipepeo Pl: vipepeo. n. butterfly.

kipimo Pl: vipimo. n. measure.

kipindi Pl: vipindi. n. portion of time; period.

kipini Pl: vipini. n. handle.

kipofu Pl: vipofu. n. blind person; sightless person.

kipumbavu adv. like an idiot.

kipupue n. cold season.

kiraka Pl: viraka. n. patch.

kireno n. Portuguese (language).

-kiri v. admit; confess.

kiroboto Pl: viroboto. n. flea.

kisa Pl: visa. n. story.

kisahani Pl: visahani. n. saucer.

kisanduku Pl: visanduku. n. little box.

kisasi Pl: visasi. n. revenge.

kisha conj. and then.

kishamba adv. like a peasant.

kishenzi adv. like a sauvage.

kisiki Pl: visiki. n. stump of tree.

kisima Pl: visima. n. well; waterhole.

kisingino Pl: visingino. n. heel.

kisiwa Pl: visiwa. n. island; isle.

kisogo Pl: visogo. n. nape of neck; occiput.

kisu Pl: visu. n. knife (knives).

kiswahili n. Swahili (language).

kitabu Pl: vitabu. n. book.

kitako n. on your bottom.

kitambaa Pl: vitambaa. n. piece of cloth.

kitambo kidogo adv. in a little while.

kitana Pl: vitana. n. comb.

kitanda Pl: vitanda. n. bed.

kitanzi Pl: vitanzi. n. loop.

kitawi n. frond.

kitendawili Pl: vitendawili. n. riddle.

kiti Pl: viti. n. chair.

kitoto Pl: vitoto. n. little child.

kitoto adv. like a child.

kitovu n. navel; umbilical cord.

kitu Pl: vitu. n. thing; article; object.

kitumbua Pl: vitumbua. n. fritter (food cooked in a frying pan).

kitunguu Pl: vitunguu. n. onion.

kituo Pl: vituo. n. place; stop; station.

kiu n. thirst.

kiumbe Pl: viumbe. n. creature.

kiume adv. like a boy or man.

kiungo Pl: viungo. n. articulation.

kiungulia n. heartburn.

kiuno Pl: viuno. n. buttock; hip; waist.

kivimbe n. bump.

kivuko n. crossing place.

kivuli Pl: vivuli. n. shadow.

kiwanda Pl: viwanda. n. factory.

kiwanja Pl: viwanja. n. plot of land; piece of ground; earth; land; soil.

kiwavi Pl: viwavi. n. caterpillar.

kiwele n. udder.

kiwete Pl: viwete. n. lame person.

kiwiko n. elbow.

kizazi Pl: vizazi. n. birth.

kizibo Pl: vizibo. n. cork.

kiziwi Pl: viziwi. n. deaf person.

kizungu adv. like a white man.

kizunguzungu Pl: vizunguzungu. n. giddiness.

-ko v. is there; are there.

kobe Pl: makobe. n. tortoise.

kodi n. tribute; taxes.

-kodi v. rent.

kofi Pl: makofi. n. flat part of a hand.

kofia n. hat.

kogo n. occiput.

-kohoa v. cough.

kohozi n. phlegm.

-kojoa v. urinate.

kokwa n. nut; nut of oil-palm.

koleo Pl: makoleo. n. plier.

-koma v. stop.

-komba v. lick food with finger.

kombe Pl: makombe. n. large cup; curved dish.

-konda v. get thin; emaciated (become -).

kondoo n. sheep.

kongoni n. gnu; wildebeest.

konokono n. snail.

-konyeza v. wink.

koo n. gullet; throat.

kope n. eyelashes.

-kopesha v. lend.

kopo Pl: makopo. n. loan.

kopo Pl: makopo. n. tin.

koroboi n. small lamp.

-korofi adj. savage; brutal.

-koroga v. stir.

-koroma v. snore; snort.

korongo n. stork.

kosa Pl: makosa. n. error; mistake.

-kosa v. lack; make a mistake.

-kosana v. quarrel.

-kosea v. make a mistake.

-kosekana v. become lacking.

koti Pl: makoti. n. coat.

kovu n. scar.

-kua v. grow; grow up; become aged.

-kubali v. agree; assent; accede; consent.

-kubalika v. be agreed.

-kubaliwa v. be permitted.

-kubwa adj. adult; big; mature.

kufuli n. padlock.

kuku n. chicken; fowl.

kule adv. over there; yonder.

-kulia v. eat.

kulia prep. right (hand).

kuliko conj. than.

kuma n. female genitals.

kumbe ! int. word of surprise.

kumbikumbi n. rain ant.

-kumbuka v. remember.

-kumbusha v. make someone remember.

kumi num. ten.

-kuna v. scratch.

kundi Pl: makundi. n. group.

kunguni n. bug.

kunguru Pl: makunguru. n. crow.

kuni n. firewood.

-kunja v. bend; fold; twist; wind round.

-kunjua v. unfold.

-kunywa v. drink.

kupe n. tick.

kuputu n. sound that a horse's hoofs make.

-kusanya v. assemble; gather up.

kushoto prep. left (hand).

kusi n. dry season.

kusini n. South.

kusudi conj. so that.

kusudi Pl: makusudi. n. aim.

-kuta v. find; meet.

-kutana v. assemble; meet.

kuti Pl: makuti. n. palm.

kutoka adv. from.

kutu n. rust.

-kuu adj. adult; chief; main; major; principal.

-kuukuu v. be used up; be old.

kuwa conj. that (namely).

kuwa v. be.

kuwa na v. have.

-kuza v. grow; make smth grow bigger.

kwa prep. by; for; with; through.

-kwaa v. knock your foot against smth.

kwa bahati adv. luckily.

kwa ghafula adv. suddenly.

kwa haraka adv. quickly.

kwa heri int. adieu; farewell; bye; goodbye.

kwa herini int. good bye (plur).

kwa heri ya kuonana int. see you soon.

kwa hiyo conj. therefore; so.

kwa kawaida adv. usually.

kwa kifupi adv. in brief.

kwa kusudi adv. voluntarily.

kwa kutwa adv. daily.

kwa kweli adv. really.

kwale n. partridge.

-kwama v. be jammed.

kwamba conj. that.

kwanga n. rock-rabbit.

kwa nini ? interro. why .

kwanza ord num. first; firstly.

kwapa n. armpit.

kwa sababu conj. because; for the reason that; since.

kwa sababu gani ? interro. for what reason .

kwa sababu hii conj. then.

kwa sauti adv. loudly.

kwa siri adv. secretly.

kweli adj. true.

kwikwi n. hiccup.

L - l

-la v. eat.

labda adv. maybe; perhaps; possibly.

laini adj. soft; smooth.

-lainisha v. make smooth.

-laki v. go meet someone.

laki n. a hundred thousand.

lakini conj. but; however; nevertheless; yet.

-lala v. lie down; sleep.

lala salama ! int. sleep well .

-lamba v. lick.

lami n. tar.

-lawama v. reproach; blame.

-laza v. make someone lie down.

lazi n. sleeping place.

lazima adv. must; necessary.

-lazimu v. be made do.

la ! int. no .

-lea v. bring up (a child); look after (a child).

-legea v. be loosened.

-legeza v. loosen.

-lelea v. bring up for.

-lemaa v. be mutilated.

lengo Pl: malengo. n. aim.

leo n. today.

-leta v. bring.

-letea v. bring to; bring for.

-letwa v. be brought.

-levya v. intoxicate.

-lewa v. get drunk; become intoxicated.

li- pron. it is (class 5).

-lia v. cry; wail; crow.

-lika v. be eatable.

likizo n. holiday.

lile dem. that; that one.

-lima v. cultivate; dig land.

limau Pl: malimau. n. lemon.

-limwa v. be cultivated.

-linda v. protect; watch over.

-lingana v. become equal.

-linganisha v. compare.

lini ? inter. when .

-lipa v. pay.

lipu n. plaster.

-lipwa v. be paid.

-lisha v. feed.

lita n. litre.

livu n. leave; holiday.

-liwa v. be eaten.

loo ! int. word of surprise.

lori Pl: malori. n. lorry.

-lowa v. soak; become wet.

-loweka v. soak.

lugha n. language; tongue.

lulu n. pearl.

M - m

m- pron. you are (plur).

maafa n. misfortune.

maana n. reason; cause; meaning.

maandamano n. procession.

maarifa n. knowledge; news.

macheo n. dawn.

Machi n. March.

machozi n. tears.

machujo n. dregs.

madaraka n. responsibilities.

madhumuni n. aim.

madini n. metal.

madoadoa n. small dots.

maelezo n. explanation.

maendeleo n. development; progress.

mafuta n. oil; cooking oil; paraffin.

magamba n. fishscale.

magendo n. smuggling.

magharibi n. west.

magugu n. weeds.

mahala n. place.

mahali n. place.

mahali pa conj. instead of.

mahali po pote adv. wherever.

mahari n. bride price.

mahindi n. maize seeds.

maili n. mile (measure).

maisha n. life.

maiti n. corps; body (dead).

majani n. grass.

maji n. water.

majimaji n. damp; a little wet.

majira n. space of time.

majivu n. ashes.

majivuno n. boasting.

makamasi n. nasal mucus.

makao n. dwelling place; residence.

makasi n. scissors.

makende n. testicles.

makini (kwa -) adv. carefully.

makosa n. errors.

makubaliano n. agreement.

makuti n. palms.

malaika n. angel.

mali n. fortune; wealth.

malipo n. payment.

-maliza v. finish.

malkia n. queen.

mama n. mother.

mamba n. crocodile.

mambo n. peg.

manati n. catapult.

manjano n. yellow.

manyonya n. feathers.

manyoya n. fur.

maombi n. prayers.

maonyesho n. show.

maovu n. anything bad or wicked.

mapacha n. twins.

mapatano n. agreement.

mapema adv. early.

mapenzi n. love; desire.

mapesa n. small change; money.

mapumbu n. testicles.

mara n. time; occasion.

marafiki n. circle of friends.

marahaba ! int. thank you ! (in response to "shikamoo").

mara kwa mara adv. from time time; now and then.

mara moja adv. immediately; at once; one time.

mara nyingi adv. often; frequently.

marehemu n. defunct person; the late.

marekani n. American.

marimba n. hand-piano; marimba; xylophone.

markiti n. market (in zanzibar).

marufuku n. interdiction.

masalkheri ! int. good night .

masamaki n. school of fish.

mashariki n. East.

mashindano n. competition.

mashine n. machine; engine.

mashua n. boat.

masika n. rain season.

masimba n. herd of lions.

masizi n. soot.

maskini n. poor person; miserable; poor.

masurufu n. provisions.

matandiko n. bedding.

matata n. problems.

matatizo n. problems.

mate n. spittle.

matokeo n. results.

matope n. mud.

matusi n. insults.

maumivu n. pain; ache; hurt.

mavi n. excreta; dung.

mavuno n. harvest; harvesting.

mazao n. crop.

maziko n. burial.

mazishi n. funeral.

maziwa n. milk.

mazungumzo n. talk.

mbaazi n. peas.

mbalamwezi n. moonlight.

mbali prep. far.

mbali mbali adj. different.

mbali ya prep. far from.

mbarika n. castor-oil plant.

mbegu n. seed.

mbeko n. piece of cloth for carrying a baby.

mbele adv. front; ahead; formerly; previously; foreward.

mbeleko n. piece of cloth for carrying a baby.

mbele ya prep. before; in front of.

mbili num. two.

mbilikimo n. pygmy.

mbingu n. sky.

mboga n. vegetable.

mbogo n. buffalo.

mbolea n. manure.

mboni n. pupil of eye.

mbono n. castor-oil plant.

mboo n. penis.

mbu n. mosquito.

mbuga n. grassland; savannah.

mbung'o n. tse-tse fly.

mbuni Pl: mibuni. n. coffee tree.

mbuyu Pl: mibuyu. n. baobab.

mbuzi n. goat.

mbwa n. dog.

mbwa mwitu n. wolf; wild dog.

mbweha n. jackal.

mchaka-mchaka n. paramilitary training.

mchana n. day (vs. night).

mchanga Pl: michanga. n. sand.

mchawi Pl: wachawi. n. witch; enchanter; magician; sorcerer; wizard.

mchele Pl: michele. husked rice.

mchezaji Pl: wachezaji. n. player.

mchezo Pl: michezo. n. game; play.

mchi n. pestle.

mchicha n. spinach.

mchikichi n. palm-tree; oil-palm.

mchinjaji Pl: wachinja. n. butcher.

mchoro Pl: michoro. n. drawing.

mchungaji Pl: wachungaji. n. shepherd.

mchungwa Pl: michungwa. n. orange tree.

mchuzi Pl: michuzi. n. broth; gravy.

mchwa n. termite.

mdachi n. German.

mdomo Pl: midomo. n. lip.

mdudu Pl: wadudu. n. insect; bug.

mea Pl: mimea. n. sprout.

Mei n. May.

meko n. the three stones used for cooking.

meli n. steamer; ship.

mende n. cockroach.

-menya v. pare down.

-meremeta v. twinkle; sparkle; shine.

-meza v. swallow.

meza n. table.

mfalme Pl: wafalme. n. king.

mfano Pl: mifano. n. example.

mfanya kazi Pl: wafanya kazi. n. worker.

mfaransa Pl: wafaransa. n. French (person); Frenchman.

mfu Pl: wafu. n. dead person.

mfuko Pl: mifuko. n. bag; pocket; sack.

mfululizo Pl: mifululizo. n. in succession.

mfungwa Pl: wafungwa. n. captive; prisoner.

mfuniko Pl: mifuniko. n. stopper.

mfupa Pl: mifupa. n. bone.

mganga Pl: waganga. n. witch-doctor; doctor; physician.

mgeni Pl: wageni. n. guest; stranger; foreigner.

mgiriki Pl: wagiriki. n. Greek (person).

mgomba Pl: migomba. n. banana tree; banana plant.

mgomvi Pl: wagomvi. n. quarrelsome person.

mgongo n. back; rear.

mgonjwa Pl: wagonjwa. n. sick person; patient.

mguu Pl: miguu. n. foot; leg; paw.

mhindi Pl: wahindi. n. indian (person).

mia num. hundred.

mia moja num. a hundred; one hundred.

milele n. for ever.

milioni num. million.

mimba n. fetus; pregnancy.

mimi pron. I; me.

-mimina v. pour.

-minya v. squeeze.

miongoni mwa adv. among.

Misri n. Egypt.

mita n. metre.

mjane Pl: wajane. n. widow.

mjeremani Pl: wajeremani. n. German (person).

mji Pl: miji. n. city; town; village.

mjinga Pl: wajinga. n. idiot; fool.

mjomba Pl: wajomba. n. uncle (maternal).

mjukuu Pl: wajukuu. n. grandchild.

mjusi n. lizard.

mkaa n. charcoal.

mkahawa n. restaurant.

mkanda Pl: mikanda. n. strap.

mkataba Pl: mikataba. contract.

mkate Pl: mikate. n. bread; loaf.

mke Pl: wake. n. wife.

mkeka Pl: mikeka. n. mat; plaited mat.

mkenya Pl: wakenya. n. Kenyan (person).

mkia Pl: mikia. n. tail.

mkindu Pl: mikindu. n. palm-tree.

mkoba Pl: mikoba. n. bag.

mkojo n. urine.

mkoloni Pl: wakoloni. n. colonial (person).

mkongwe Pl: wakongwe. n. old person.

mkono Pl: mikono. n. arm; forearm; hand; handle.

mkristo Pl: wakristo. n. Christian (person).

mkuki Pl: mikuki. n. spear.

mkulima Pl: wakulima. n. farmer.

mkundu n. anus.

mkunga n. eel.

mkurugenzi Pl: wakurugenzi. n. director.

mkutano Pl: mikutano. n. meeting.

mkuyu Pl: mikuyu. n. fig-tree.

mlafi Pl: walafi. n. glutton.

mlango Pl: milango. n. door; gate; gateway; portal.

mle loc. there; there inside; yonder.

mlemavu Pl: walemavu. n. lame (person).

mlevi Pl: walevi. n. drunk.

mlezi Pl: walezi. n. nurse.

mlima Pl: milima. n. hill; mountain.

mlimaji Pl: walimaji. n. farmer.

mlinzi Pl: walinzi. n. guard; guardian; protector.

mmasai Pl: wamasai. n. Masai.

mmea Pl: mimea. n. plant.

mnara Pl: minara. n. minaret; tower.

mnazi Pl: minazi. n. coconut tree; coconut-palm.

mno adv. too; too much; very; very much.

mnofu Pl: minofu. n. flesh; meat without bones.

mnunuzi Pl: wanunuzi. n. customer.

mnyama Pl: wanyama. n. animal; beast.

-mo v. is inside; are inside.

-moja num. one.

moja moja adv. one by one.

-momonyoka v. be broken off.

moshi Pl: mioshi. n. smoke.

mosi num. one.

moto n. fire.

motokaa n. automobile; car.

moyo Pl: mioyo. n. heart.

mpaka Pl: mipaka. n. boundary.

mpamba Pl: mipamba. cotton plant.

mpango Pl: mipango. n. plan; project.

mpelelezi Pl: wapelelezi. n. investigator.

mpendwa Pl: wapendwa. n. loved being.

mpenzi Pl: wapenzi. n. darling; lover.

mpingo Pl: mipingo. n. ebony tree.

mpini Pl: mipini. n. pestle.

mpira Pl: mipira. n. ball; tube.

mpira (wa miguu) n. football.

mpishi Pl: wapishi. n. cook.

mpumbavu Pl: wapumbavu. n. stupid person; idiot.

mpunga Pl: mipunga. n. rice.

mpwa Pl: wapwa. n. nephew; niece.

mpwito n. throb.

mraba Pl: miraba. n. square.

mrembo Pl: warembo. n. pretty girl.

mreno Pl: wareno. n. Portuguese (person).

mrumi Pl: warumi. n. Roman.

msaada Pl: misaada. n. help; aid.

msafara Pl: misafara. n. caravan.

msafiri Pl: wasafiri. n. traveler.

msahafu Pl: misahafu. n. Koran; Quran.

msaidizi Pl: wasaidizi. n. help; second.

msala Pl: misala. n. lavatory.

msalaba Pl: misalaba. n. cross.

msamiati Pl: misamiati. n. vocabulary.

msasa Pl: misasa. n. plant or shrub with rough leaves.

msemaji Pl: wasemaji. n. speaker.

msemo Pl: misemo. n. saying.

mshahara Pl: mishahara. n. salary; wage; wages.

mshale Pl: mishale. n. arrow.

mshipa Pl: mishipa. n. vein.

mshipi Pl: mishipi. n. belt.

mshoni Pl: washoni. n. taylor.

msichana Pl: wasichana. n. girl; young girl.

msikiti Pl: misikiti. n. mosque.

msimamizi Pl: wasimamizi. n. manager; overseer.

msingi Pl: misingi. n. foundation.

msitu Pl: misitu. n. forest; woods.

msomo Pl: misomo. n. lesson; lecture.

msozi Pl: misozi. n. sun-bird.

mstari Pl: mistari. n. line.

msumari Pl: misumari. n. nail.

msumeno Pl: misumeno. n. saw.

mswaki Pl: miswaki. n. toothbrush.

mtaa Pl: mitaa. n. quarter; part of a town.

mtaalamu Pl: wataalamu. n. learned person; expert; professor.

mtalii Pl: watalii. n. tourist.

mtama Pl: mitama. n. sorghum; millet; eleusine.

mtambo Pl: mitambo. n. machine; engine.

mtanzania Pl: watanzania. n. Tanzanian (person).

mtawala Pl: watawala. n. governor.

mtazamaji Pl: watazamaji. n. spectator.

mtego Pl: mitego. n. trap.

mtelemko Pl: mitelemko. n. slope.

mtemi Pl: watemi. n. chief.

mtende Pl: mitende. n. date palm.

mti Pl: miti. n. tree; pole; post; stake; timber; wood.

mtihani Pl: mitihani. n. examination; exam.

mto Pl: mito. n. pillow.

mto Pl: mito. n. river.

mtondo n. within three days.

mtondo goo n. the fourth day.

mtoto Pl: watoto. n. child; infant.

mtu Pl: watu. n. person; people.

mtukufu Pl: watukufu. n. exalted person.

mtulivu Pl: watulivu. n. quiet person.

mtumba Pl: mitumba. n. bundle; parcel.

mtumbwi Pl: mitumbwi. n. boat; canoe.

mtume Pl: watume. n. messenger.

mtumishi Pl: watumishi. n. servant; boy.

mtumwa Pl: watumwa. n. slave.

mtungi Pl: mitungi. n. pot (for water); jug; clay pitcher.

mtunza Pl: watunza. n. care giver; baby sitter.

muda Pl: miuda. n. time.

muda gani ? interro. how long .

muhimu adj. important.

muhindi Pl: mihindi. n. maize; corn.

muhogo Pl: mihogo. n. cassava.

-mulika v. shine.

mume Pl: wame. n. husband.

mundu Pl: miundu. n. sickle.

Mungu n. God.

muwa Pl: miwa. n. sugar cane.

muziki n. music.

mvi n. hair (grey).

mvinyo n. wine.

mviringo Pl: miviringo. n. circle.

mvivu Pl: wavivu. n. lazy person.

mvua n. rain.

mvulana Pl: wavulana. n. young man.

mvuvi Pl: wavuvi. n. fisherman.

mwafrika Pl: wafrika. n. African (person).

-mwaga v. pour.

-mwagika v. be poured.

mwaka Pl: miaka. n. year.

mwali n. girl at puberty; bride.

mwaliko Pl: mialiko. n. loud snap; clap.

mwalimu Pl: walimu. n. teacher; instructor.

mwamba n. rock (flat).

mwaminifu Pl: waminifu. n. believer; faithful.

mwana Pl: wana. n. son; daughter; child; offspring; young.

mwanachama Pl: wanachama. n. member; partisan.

mwanadamu Pl: wanadamu. n. human being.

mwanafunzi Pl: wanafunzi. n. pupil; student.

mwana kondoo n. lamb.

mwanamke Pl: wanawake. n. woman.

mwananchi Pl: wananchi. n. citizen.

mwanaserere Pl: wanaserere. n. doll.

mwanasheria Pl: wanasheria. n. lawyer.

mwanaume Pl: wanaume. n. man.

mwandazi Pl: waandazi. n. confectioner; caterer.

mwanga Pl: mianga. n. light.

mwangavu Pl: waangavu. n. intelligent person.

mwanzi Pl: mianzi. n. bamboo.

mwanzo Pl: mianzo. n. beginning.

mwarabu Pl: warabu. n. Arab (person).

mwashi Pl: washi. n. masson.

mwasia Pl: waasia. n. Asian (person).

mwavuli Pl: miavuli. n. umbrella.

mwayo Pl: miayo. n. yawn.

mwembe Pl: miembe. n. mango tree.

mwendeshaji Pl: wendeshaji. n. conducteur.

mwendo Pl: miendo. n. journey; movement; distance; trip; voyage.

mwenge n. torch.

mwenyeji Pl: wenyeji. n. inhabitant; villager.

mwenyekiti Pl: wenyekiti. n. chairman.

mwenyewe n. self; owner.

mwenyezi Mungu n. Lord God.

mwenzi Pl: wenzi. n. companion; friend.

mwewe n. hawk.

mwezi Pl: miezi. n. moon; month.

mwezi ujao n. next month.

mwezi uliopita n. last month.

mwiba Pl: miiba. n. thorn.

mwiko Pl: miiko. n. spoon; large spoon; trowel.

mwili Pl: miili. n. body.

mwimbaji Pl: waimbaji. n. singer.

mwindaji Pl: waindaji. n. hunter.

mwingereza Pl: waingereza. n. English (person); Englishman.

mwisho Pl: miisho. n. end; ending; in the end; finaly.

mwishowe prep. in the end.

mwislamu Pl: waislamu. n. Muslim; Moslem.

mwitalia Pl: waitalia. n. Italian (person).

mwito Pl: miito. n. call.

mwizi Pl: wezi. n. thief.

mwongo Pl: waongo. n. liar.

mwota ndoto Pl: waota ndoto. n. dreamer.

mwumiko Pl: miumiko. n. cupping-horn.

mwungwana Pl: waungwana. n. gentleman.

mwuzaji Pl: wauzaji. n. seller.

myahudi Pl: wayahudi. n. Hebrew; Jew.

myunani Pl: wayunani. n. ancient Greek.

mzanzibari Pl: wazanzibari. n. Zanzibarian (person).

mzazi Pl: wazazi. n. parent.

mzee Pl: wazee. n. old person.

mzigo Pl: mizigo. n. load; burden; charge.

mzimu Pl: mizimu. n. ghost; spirit.

mzinga Pl: mizinga. n. cannon.

mzinga Pl: mizinga. n. beehive.

mzingi Pl: mizingi. n. weaver-bird.

mzizi Pl: mizizi. n. root.

mzoga Pl: mizoga. n. corpse.

mzungu Pl: wazungu. n. white man; european.

N - n

-na v. have; have got.

na conj. and; with.

naam ! int. yes .

nafaka n. grain.

nafasi n. space; time.

nakala n. copy.

namba n. number.

nambari n. number.

namna n. kind; sort.

namna gani ? interro. how ?; in what way .

nanasi Pl: mananasi. n. pineapple.

-nane num. eight.

nani ? interro. who .

nasibu n. chance; lottery.

-nawa v. wash one's hands.

nazi n. coconut.

ncha n. point; tip of something.

nchi n. country.

ndama n. calf.

ndani prep. inside.

ndani ya prep. in; inside; into; within.

ndege n. plane; bird.

ndevu n. beard.

ndi- emphat. this is indeed.

ndimu n. lime.

ndio emphat. this is indeed.

ndiyo yes.

ndiyo emphat. this is indeed.

ndiyo yes, that is so.

ndizi n. banana.

ndoa n. marriage; wedding.

ndoana n. hook (for fish).

ndoo n. bucket; pall.

ndoto n. dream.

ndovu n. elephant.

ndugu n. brother; comrade.

ndui n. smallpox.

neema n. grace.

nenda ! v. go .

-nene adj. big; corpulent; fat; thick.

-nenepa v. become fat.

neno Pl: maneno. n. word.

ngalawa n. outrigger canoe.

ngamia n. camel.

ngano n. wheat.

ngao n. shield.

-ngapi ? interro. how many ?; how much .

-ngara v. glitter.

ngawa n. civet-cat.

ngazi n. ladder.

nge n. scorpion.

ngiri n. warthog.

-ngoja v. wait.

-ngojana v. wait for each other.

ngoma n. dance; drum.

ngozi n. skin (of animal); leather.

ngumi n. fist.

nguo n. cloth; article of clothing; garment; clothes.

-nguruma v. growl; roar (e.g. lion).

ngurumo n. thunder.

nguruwe n. pig.

nguvu n. strength; force.

nguzo n. pillar; post; column.

-ng'aa v. be shining.

ng'ambo n. foreign country.

ng'ambo ya adv. on the other side.

-ng'oa v. uproot.

-ng'oka v. be uprooted.

-ng'olewa v. be uprooted.

ng'ombe n. cow; cattle.

ng'ombe dume n. bull.

ni v. is; are; am.

nia n. intention; aim.

-ning'inia v. swing.

nini ? interro. what .

ninyi pron. you (plur).

njaa n. famine; hunger.

nje adv. abroad; out; outside.

njema adv. well; fine.

nje ya adv. outside.

njia n. road; path; way; road; route.

njia panda n. fork in a road.

njiwa n. pigeon.

njugu n. groundnut.

-nne num. four.

-noa v. sharpen (edge); whet.

-nono adj. big; fat (animal).

noti n. note.

Novemba n. November.

nta n. wax.

-nuka v. smell bad.

-nukia v. smell good.

nundu n. hump.

nungunungu n. porcupine.

-nung'unika v. grumble.

-nunua v. buy.

nuru n. light.

-nusa v. smell smth.

nusu n. half.

nusura adv. almost.

-nya v. defecate.

-nyakua v. snatch.

nyama n. meat.

-nyamaza v. be quiet; remain silent.

-nyang'anya v. steal; cheat.

nyani n. ape; monkey; baboon.

nyanya n. tomato.

nyanya n. grandmother.

-nyanyua v. lift; pull up.

nyasi n. grass.

nyati n. buffalo.

-nyauka v. wither.

-nyemelea v. stalk.

nyenje n. beetle.

nyerere n. wire.

-nyesha v. rain.

-nyima v. be mean.

-nyoa v. shave.

nyoka n. snake.

-nyonga v. twist the nake of an animal.

nyongo n. bile; gall-bladder.

-nyonya v. suck out; suck (in mouth).

nyonyo n. castor-oil bean.

-nyooka v. become straight.

-nyoosha v. straighten.

nyororo adj. smooth, soft.

nyota n. star.

nyuki n. bee.

nyuma adv. at the back; at the rear; behind.

nyuma ya adv. behind; after.

nyumba n. house.

nyumbu n. gnu; wildebeest.

nyundo n. hammer.

nyungunyungu n. worm.

nyuni n. bird.

-nyunyizia v. sprinkle.

-nywa v. drink.

-nyweka v. be drinkable.

nywele n. hair.

-nywewa v. be drunk.

nzi n. fly.

nzige n. locust.

nzuri ! int. well .

O - o

-oa v. marry (a wife).

-oga v. take a bath; wash oneself.

-ogelea v. swim.

-ogopa v. fear; be afraid.

-ogopesha v. frighten.

oili n. engine oil.

-oka v. bake in ashes.

-okoa v. redeem; save someone.

-okota v. pick up.

Oktoba n. October.

-olewa v. be married (by a husband).

-omba v. ask for; beg.

-omboleza v. cry; wail.

-ona v. see; find.

-onana v. see each other.

-ondoa v. take smth away; dislodge; remove.

-ondoka v. leave; go away; begin a trip.

-ondolea v. remove.

-ondolewa v. be removed.

-onea v. bully; illtreat; harass.

-onekana v. be visible.

-ongea v. chat; talk.

-ongeza v. add; increase.

-ongezeka v. be increased.

-ongopa v. tell lies.

-ongoza v. steer; lead the way.

-onwa v. be seen.

-onya v. warn.

-onyesha v. show.

-o -ote pron. any at all.

orodha n. list.

-ororo adj. smooth, soft.

-osha v. wash smth.

-ota v. dream.

-ota v. grow; sprout.

-ote adj, pron. all; whole; every; everyone.

-ovu adj. bad.

ovyo adv. any way.

ovyo ovyo adv. baddly.

-oza v. become rotten; be spoiled.

-ozesha v. rot; ferment.

P - p

-pa v. give.

-paa v. go up.

paa n. impala; antelope; buck.

paa n. roof.

-paaza v. make smth go up.

-pagawa v. become mad.

pahali n. place.

paja Pl: mapaja. n. thigh.

paka n. cat.

-paka v. apply; spread; paint.

pakacha Pl: mapakacha. n. little basket.

-pakana v. border on.

paka shume n. wild cat.

-pakia v. pack.

-pakua v. dish up food.

pale loc. there; yonder.

pale pale adv. at this very moment.

-palilia v. weed.

pamba n. cotton.

-pambanua v. differentiate.

pambazuko n. dawn; light of morning.

pambo Pl: mapambo. n. decoration.

pamoja adv. together.

-pana adj. large; broad.

pancha n. puncture.

-panda v. ascend; go up; climb up.

-panda v. plant; sow.

panga Pl: mapanga. n. cutlass; matchet.

-panga v. rent; arrange; plan.

pango n. cave; hole.

-pangusa v. wipe; rub off; sweep; dust.

panya n. rat; mouse.

panzi n. grasshoper.

papa n. shark.

papai Pl: mapapai. n. pawpaw; papaya.

-papasa v. stroke; touch gently with the hand.

papasi Pl: mapapasi. n. tick.

papo hapo adv. immediately.

-parua v. scrape.

-pasa v. be convenient.

Pasaka n. Easter.

pasipo verb form. without.

-pasua v. split; saw; cut open; chop up; tear.

-pasuka v. burst open; crack; become split.

-pata v. get; obtain.

-pata mimba v. become pregnant.

-patana v. agree together.

patasi n. chisel.

-patia v. obtain for.

-patikana v. be obtainable.

-patwa v. be obtained.

-payuka v. babble.

pazia Pl: mapazia. n. curtain.

peke n. being alone.

-pekecha v. rub fire with firestick.

peke yake n. by oneself; alone.

-peleka v. send; carry away.

-pelekea v. send smth someone.

pelele n. rock-rabbit.

-peleleza v. spy.

pembe n. horn; tusk.

pembe n. corner.

-pembea v. swing.

-penda v. like; love.

-pendana v. love each other.

-pendea v. love for.

-pendelea v. have a special liking.

-pendeleza v. cause favour.

-pendewa v. be loved for.

-pendeza v. please.

-pendezeka v. be pleasant.

-pendwa v. be loved.

-penga v. blow nose.

pengine adv. maybe; perhaps.

-pepea v. wave in the air.

-pepeta v. winnow.

pepo n. spirit.

pera Pl: mapera. n. guava.

peremende n. sweets.

pesa n. money.

pete n. ring.

petroli n. petrol.

-pewa v. be given.

pia n. top (i.e. toy).

pia adv. also; too.

picha n. photo; picture.

-piga v. hit; shoot at.

-piga bao v. divine.

-piga kelele v. cry out; make a noise.

-piga kite v. groan.

-piga kura v. vote.

-piga mabawa v. flap wings.

-piga magoti v. kneel.

-piga makofi v. clap hands.

-piga mluzi v. whistle.

-piga mwayo v. yawn.

-pigana v. fight.

-piga ngoma v. beat drum.

-pigania v. fight for smth.

-piga pasi v. iron.

-piga picha v. take a photo.

-piga vigelegele v. ululate.

-pigia v. hit for.

-pigika v. be hit.

-pigisha v. make hit.

pigo Pl: mapigo. n. knock.

-pigwa v. be hit.

-pika v. cook; boil.

pikipiki n. moto.

-pikwa v. be cooked.

pili n. puff-adder.

pili num. two; the second one.

pilipili n. pepper.

-pima v. measure.

-pinda v. become bent; become crooked.

-pinda v. hem; wind round.

pindi n. coil.

-pindua v. alter; change; turn.

-pinduka v. be overturned; be changed.

-pinga v. contradict.

pipa Pl: mapipa. n. drum.

piri n. puff-adder.

-pita v. pass.

-pitia v. pass through.

-pitisha v. make pass.

-pi ? interro. which ?; who .

-po there is; there are.

-poa v. become cold; cool down; feel better (after illness); get well.

pofu n. eland.

-pokea v. take; receive.

-pokelea v. receive for.

pole pole adv. slowly.

pole ! int. sorry.

polisi Pl: mapolisi. n. police; policeman.

pombe n. local beer; ale; beer.

-pona v. get well; be cured.

-ponya v. cure someone.

popo n. bat.

pori Pl: mapori. n. bush; savannah; grassland.

posho n. portion.

posta n. post office.

-potea v. disappear; get lost.

-poteza v. lose; cause to get lost.

povu n. foam; froth.

pua n. nose.

-pukuchua v. thresh corn.

-pukuta v. shake off.

-puliza v. blow.

-pulizia v. blow on smth; blow in smth.

pumba n. chaff.

-pumua v. breathe.

pumzi n. breath.

-pumzika v. rest.

punda n. donkey; ass.

punda milia n. zebra.

punde n. a little time.

-punga v. swing; sway.

-pungua v. become few.

-punguka v. be reduced.

-punguza v. reduce.

pwani n. shore of the sea; coast; seaside.

-pya adj. new.

R - r

raba n. rubber.

radhi n. pardon; blessing.

radi n. clap of thunder.

rafiki Pl: marafiki. n. friend.

raha n. joy.

rahisi adj. cheap; easy; facile; inexpensive.

raia n. citizen.

rais Pl: marais. n. president.

Rajabu n. Rajab.

Ramadhani n. Ramadan.

ramani n. map; plan.

-ramba v. lick; lick up.

-randa v. gambol.

rangi n. color; dye.

rasmi adj. official.

ratili n. pound (measure).

redio n. radio.

-refu adj. long; deep; profound.

-refuka v. become deep; become long.

rehema n. mercy; pity.

reli n. rail.

rifarii n. referee.

rika n. age group.

rinda Pl: marinda. n. dress; skirt.

ripoti n. report.

risasi n. lead; bullet.

-rithi v. inherit.

riziki n. provisions; means of subsistence.

robo n. quart.

-roga v. bewitch.

roho n. soul.

-rudi v. come back; go back; return.

-rudia v. return for; return to.

-rudiana v. come back to each other.

-rudisha v. give back.

ruhusa n. permission.

-ruhusu v. give permission.

-ruka v. fly; jump; jump over.

rula n. ruler.

-runda v. heap up.

rundo n. heap.

rungu Pl: marungu. n. big stick (with a knob at the end).

-rusha v. make smth jump.

S - s

saa n. clock; watch; hour; o'clock; time.

saa ngapi ? interr. what time is it .

saba num. seven.

sababu n. reason.

sabini num. seventy.

sabuni n. soap.

-sadiki v. believe.

safari n. journey; trip; voyage.

safari njema ! int. have a good journey .

safi adj. clean; pure.

-safiri v. travel.

-safisha v. clean.

safu n. line of objects.

-saga v. grind.

sahani n. plate; dish; platter.

-sahau v. forget.

-sahaulia v. forget to.

sahaulifu n. forgetful.

-sahaulika v. be forgotten.

-sahauliwa v. be forgotten.

sahihi adj. correct; right.

-saidia v. help.

-saidiana v. help each other.

sakafu n. floor.

sala n. prayer.

salaam n. greetings.

salama ! int. hello !; fine .

salamu n. greeting.

-sali v. pray.

-salia v. be left over.

-salimia v. say hello to.

-salimu v. greet.

-samaheka v. be forgiven.

samaki n. fish.

-sambaa v. sprawl; spread.

sambamba adv. side by side; alongside.

-sambaza v. scatter; spread.

-samehe v. forgive.

-samehea v. forgive to.

-sameheana v. forgive each other.

-samehewa v. be forgiven.

samli n. ghee.

sana adv. very; very much.

sanaa n. art; handicraft.

sanamu n. statue.

sanduku Pl: masanduku. n. box.

sarafu n. coin.

sarufi n. grammar.

sasa adv. now.

sasa hivi adv. at once; immediately; right away; right now.

sauti n. voice.

sawa adj. equal.

sawa sawa adv. the same.

-sawazisha v. put in order.

sayansi n. science.

sayari n. planet.

sebule n. hall; entrance.

sehemu n. part; piece; share.

sekondari n. secondary.

-sema v. say; speak; slander.

semezana v. talk each other about smth.

senene n. grasshopper.

sentensi n. sentence.

senti n. cent.

Septemba n. September.

seremala Pl: maseremala. n. carpenter.

serikali n. government.

Shaabani n. Sha'ban.

shaba n. copper.

shairi Pl: mashairi. n. poetry.

Sham n. Syria.

shamba Pl: mashamba. n. farm; field.

-shambuliwa v. be attacked.

-shangaa v. admire; be surprised.

shangazi n. aunt (paternal).

-shangilia v. shout out of joy.

sharti Pl: masharti. n. obligation.

shati Pl: mashati. n. shirt.

shauri Pl: mashauri. n. advice; plan; counsel; design.

shavu Pl: mashavu. n. cheek.

-shawishi v. entice.

shemeji n. brother-in-law; sister-in-law.

sherehe n. rejoicings.

-sherehekea v. rejoice.

sheria n. law.

shetani Pl: mashetani. n. devil.

-shiba v. be satiated.

shida n. trouble; difficulty.

-shika v. hold.

-shikamana v. stick something.

shikamoo ! int. my respects ! (to an elder).

-shikana v. hold on each other.

shilingi n. shilling.

shimo Pl: mashimo. n. hole; pit.

-shinda v. overcome; surpass; be difficult for.

-shinda v. spend the time away.

-shindana v. compete.

-shindilia v. ram in.

-shindwa v. fail.

shingo n. neck.

-shirikiana v. cooperate.

shoka Pl: mashoka. n. axe.

-shona v. sew.

shtaka Pl: mashtaka. n. accusation.

-shtaki v. accuse.

-shtua v. startle.

-shtuka v. be startled.

shughuli n. affair; occupation.

-shughulika v. be busy.

-shuhudia v. witness.

shujaa Pl: mashujaa. n. hero.

-shuka v. descend; come down.

shuka Pl: mashuka. n. bed sheet.

shukrani n. thanks.

-shukuru v. thank.

shule n. school.

-shupavu adj. brave; firm.

-shutumika v. be insulted.

-shutumu n. insult; abuse.

shwari adj. calm; smooth.

si v. am not; is not; are not.

siafu n. ant (brown).

siagi n. butter; margarine.

sifa n. praises.

-sifu v. praise; admire.

sigara n. cigarette.

-sihi v. ask; beg.

sijambo ! int. I'm fine .

siki n. vinegar.

-sikia v. hear.

-sikika v. be heard.

-sikiliza v. listen.

sikio Pl: masikio. n. ear.

-sikitika v. be sorry.

-sikiza v. make someone hear smth.

siku n. day.

sikukuu n. holiday.

sikuzote adv. everyday.

silaha n. arm; weapon.

-simama v. stand; stop.

-simamisha v. stop smth.

simba n. lion.

-simika v. stick inground.

simu n. telephone.

-simulia v. narrate.

sindano n. injection; needle.

-sindikiza v. accompany.

sinema n. cinema.

-sinzia v. be sleepy.

siri n. secret.

sisi pron. we; us.

sisimizi n. small ant.

-sita v. hang back; be undecided.

sita num. six.

-sitawi v. flourish; prosper; develop.

sitini num. sixty.

siyo adv. no.

skauti Pl: maskauti. n. scout.

skuli n. school.

soda n. soda; sweet drink.

-sogea v. move closer to smth.

soko Pl: masoko. n. bazaar; fair; market; marketplace.

-sokota v. twist (rope).

soksi n. sock.

-soma v. read; learn.

-somea v. read for; read to.

-somesha v. teach someone.

somo Pl: masomo. n. lesson.

-somwa v. be read.

-songa v. press together.

-songea v. move.

soni n. shame.

-staajabu v. be very surprised.

-stahili v. be worthy of smth.

stakabadhi n. receipt.

starehe ! int. be at ease .

stesheni n. station.

subalkheri ! int. good morning .

subira n. patience.

-subiri v. wait.

sufuria n. cooking pan.

-sugua v. rub.

-suka v. plait (hair, mat).

sukari n. sugar.

-sukuma v. push.

-sukumana v. push each other.

-sumbua v. bother someone.

sumu n. poison.

sungura n. hare; rabbit.

supu n. soup; sauce.

sura n. face; appearance.

suruali n. trousers.

swala n. antelope.

swali Pl: maswali. n. question.

sweta n. sweater; jersey.

T - t

taa n. lamp.

taabu n. trouble.

taarifa n. report; bulletin.

tabia n. condition.

tabibu Pl: matabibu. n. doctor.

tafadhali v. please.

-tafuna v. chew.

-tafuta v. seek; search for; look for.

-taga v. lay eggs.

-tagaa v. straddle.

tai n. vulture; eagle.

tai n. tie.

taifa Pl: mataifa. n. nation; country.

tajiri Pl: matajiri. n. rich person.

tajiri adj. rich; wealthy; well-off.

-tajirika v. become rich.

-taka v. want.

-takata v. be very clean and bright.

takataka n. refuse; rubbish.

-takiwa v. be wanted.

-tamani v. desire.

-tambaa v. crawl.

-tambua v. recognize.

-tamka v. pronounce.

-tamu adj. delicious; sweet.

-tandaza v. spread smth out.

-tandika v. spread out smth.

tandu n. centipede.

tanga Pl: matanga. n. sail.

-tangaza v. proclaim; announce.

tangazo Pl: matangazo. n. notice; announcement; ad; advertisement.

tangu prep. since.

-tangulia v. precede; go first; lead the way.

tang' n. sound of a coin when it falls.

tano n. five.

-tanua v. open smth wide.

Tanzania n. Tanzania.

-tapakaa v. spread out all over.

-tapika v. vomit.

tapwi n. sound of smth when it falls in the mud.

taratibu adv. slowly; steadily.

tarehe n. date.

tasa n. barren woman.

-tata v. tangle; confuse.

-tatanisha v. interlace.

tatizo Pl: matatizo. n. trouble.

tatu num. three.

-tatua v. tear; tear off.

taulo n. towel.

-tawala v. rule over.

tawi Pl: matawi. n. branch.

taya n. jaw.

tayari n. ready; finished; through.

-tayarisha v. prepare.

-tazama v. look; look at; face towards.

-tega v. set trap.

-tegemea v. depend on smth else.

-tegua v. take out of trap.

teka n. pillage; looting.

-teka v. take water from somewhere.

teke Pl: mateke. n. kick.

tele adj. abundant; a lot of.

televisheni n. television.

-teleza v. make smth fall; slip.

-tema v. spit.

-tema v. cut smth up.

-tembea v. travel; walk; wander about.

-tembeza v. walk someone.

tembo n. elephant.

tena prep. again; anew; once more.

-tenda v. act; do smth.

tende n. date (fruit).

-tendea v. treat well.

tendo n. action.

-tenga v. separate; set apart.

-tengemaa v. become level.

-tengeneza v. repair.

-teseka v. afflict; cause trouble.

teso Pl: mateso. n. suffering; pain; adversity.

tete Pl: matete. n. reed.

-tetea v. speak for someone.

-tetema v. shiver.

-tetemeka v. tremble; shake.

tezo n. adze.

thamani n. value.

thelathini num. thirty.

theluji n. snow.

themanini num. eighty.

thenashara num. twelve.

thumuni n. eighth; fifty cent coin.

-tia v. put.

tiara n. kite.

-tia sahihi v. sign.

tiba n. cure.

-tibu v. cure (an invalid).

-tii v. obey.

-tikisa v. make smth move or shake.

-tikisika v. move; shake.

-tilia v. put smth in.

-timia v. be finished.

timu n. team.

-tiririka v. flow; move along like water.

tisa num. nine.

-tisha v. frighten.

tisini num. ninety.

titi Pl: matiti. n. breast.

-toa v. remove; hand over.

-toa hongo v. pay tribute.

-toa mwiba v. extract a thorn.

-toba v. repent.

-toboa v. pierce.

tochi n. torch.

tofali Pl: matofali. n. brick.

tofauti n. difference.

togwa n. drink.

-toka v. come from.

-toka jasho v. perspire.

-toka nje v. go out; come out.

-tolewa v. be removed.

-tomba v. copulate.

-tona v. fall drop by drop.

tone Pl: matone. n. drop.

-tonesha hurt (a sore).

-toroka v. escape.

-tosha v. be sufficient; be enough; suffice.

-tosheka v. be sufficient.

-tota v. sink; drown.

tu- pron. we.

tu adv. exclusively; just; only; alone; solely.

-tua v. put down.

-tubu v. repent.

-tukana v. abuse; rumble.

-tukia v. happen.

tukio baya accident.

-tukuka v. be estimated.

-tulia v. be quiet.

-tuliza v. calm someone down; pacify.

-tuma v. send; employ.

-tumaini v. hope.

tumbako tobacco.

tumbaku n. tobacco (leaf).

tumbili n. monkey.

tumbili n. ape; monkey.

tumbo stomach.

tumbo Pl: matumbo. stomach; abdomen; belly.

-tumia v. use.

-tumika v. be used.

-tumikia v. serve.

-tumwa v. be used.

tunda Pl: matunda. n. fruit.

-tundika v. hang up.

tundu Pl: matundu. n. hole (in wall).

tungule n. tomato (in zanzibar).

-tunza v. support.

-tupa v. throw.

-tupa mke v. desert wife.

-tupia v. throw to; throw smth at someone.

-tupu adj. empty; naked; void.

tuta Pl: matuta. n. mound of earth for planting.

tutaonana ! int. see you again .

-twanga v. pound; beat.

twiga n. girafe.

-twika v. put up (a load on s.o.).

U - u

u- pron. you.

-ua v. kill.

ua Pl: nyua. n. courtyard; court; yard.

ua Pl: maua. n. flower.

ua n. fence.

Uajemi n. Persia.

-uana v. kill each other.

Uarabu n. Arabia.

-uawa v. be killed.

ubaguzi n. segregation.

ubaguzi wa rangi n. discrimination; racism.

ubahili n. stinginess.

ubao Pl: bao. n. board; plank.

ubavu Pl: mbavu. n. rib.

ubawa Pl: mabawa. n. wing.

ubaya n. badness.

ubishi n. quarrel.

uboho n. bone marrow.

ubongo n. brain.

ubovu n. rottenness.

ubwabwa n. gruel; rice soup.

uchache n. scarcity.

uchafu n. dirt.

uchaguzi n. election.

uchawi n. witchcraft; enchantment; magic; sorcery; wizardry.

uchoyo n. greed; greediness.

uchumi n. economy of a country.

uchungu n. painful hurt; bitterness.

Udachi n. Germany.

udelele n. sticky saliva.

udende n. sticky saliva.

udevu Pl: ndevu. n. hair of beard; beard.

-udhika v. take offence.

udogo n. smallness.

udongo n. soil.

udongo ulaya n. cement.

udongo wa mfinyanzi n. clay.

ufa Pl: nyufa. n. crack.

ufagio Pl: fagio. n. broom.

ufalme n. kingdom.

Ufaransa n. France.

ufi n. long thin stick.

ufuko n. shore of the sea.

ufundi n. skill.

ufunguo Pl: funguo. n. key.

ufupi n. shortness.

ugali n. maize meal.

Uganda n. Uganda.

ugeni n. abroad.

ugomvi Pl: magomvi. n. quarrel.

ugonjwa Pl: magonjwa. n. illness; disease.

-ugua v. become ill; get sick; feel bad.

Uhabeshi n. Abyssinia; Ethiopia.

uhai n. life; being alive.

u hali gani ? interro. how is your health .

uharibifu n. destruction.

Uhindi n. India.

uhuru n. freedom; liberty.

Uingereza n. England.

ujamaa n. kinship; community.

ujana n. youth.

ujanja n. cunning.

ujenzi Pl: majenzi. n. building smth.

Ujerumani n. Germany.

uji n. porridge.

ujinga n. stupidity; foolishness.

ujuzi n. skill; wisdom; knowledge.

ukali n. acidity; fierceness; sharpness.

ukanda Pl: kanda. n. belt.

ukarimu n. generosity.

uke wenza n. polygamy.

uki n. honey.

ukili Pl: kili. n. narrow strip of leaf for weaving mats.

ukindu Pl: kindu. n. palm-frond used for making baskets.

ukingo Pl: kingo. n. edge of a river.

ukoko n. hard crust of rice.

ukoma n. leprosy.

ukono n. tendril.

ukoo Pl: koo. n. clan; family.

ukosefu n. lack.

ukubwa n. bigness; size.

ukucha Pl: kucha. n. fingernail; claw.

ukulima n. farming.

ukumbusho n. souvenir; remembrance.

ukunde Pl: kunde. n. bean.

ukungu n. fog; mist; rain mist.

ukuni Pl: kuni. n. fire wood.

ukurasa Pl: kurasa. n. page.

ukuta Pl: kuta. wall.

ukwato Pl: kwato. n. hoof.

Ulaya n. Europe.

ule n. that; that one.

ulezi n. millet; eleusine; sorghum.

ulimbo n. birdlime.

ulimi Pl: ndimi. n. tongue.

ulimwengu n. world.

-uliza v. ask.

uma Pl: nyuma. n. fork.

-uma v. bite; sting; bee-sting; hurt.

umande n. dew.

umaskini n. poverty.

-umba v. create.

umbali n. distance.

-ume adj. male.

umeme n. light; lightning; electricity.

-umia v. be painful.

-umika v. bleed by cupping.

umiko n. cupping-horn.

-umiza v. cause pain.

umoja n. unity.

umri n. age.

umuhimu n. importance.

-umuka v. boil over; froth over.

-umwa v. suffer; have pain.

u mzima ? int. are you well .

undugu n. brotherhood; sisterhood.

-unga v. join by tying.

unga n. flour; meal.

-ungana v. join together.

ungo Pl: maungo. n. joint.

-ungua v. be burnt; be singed.

Unguja n. Zanzibar island.

-unguza v. singe.

unono n. comfort; health.

unyasi Pl: nyasi. n. leaf of grass.

unyayo n. footprint.

unyimi n. stinginess.

unyoya Pl: manyoya. n. feather.

unyusi n. eyebrow.

unywele Pl: nywele. n. hair.

uongo n. lie.

upakaji n. spreading colour with a brush.

upana n. width.

upande Pl: pande. n. side.

upanga Pl: panga. n. machete; bush-knife.

upara n. baldness.

upele n. itch; craw-craw.

upendano n. mutual love.

upendeleo n. inclination; favoritism.

upendo n. love.

upepo n. wind.

upesi adv. quickly.

upinde n. bow.

upole n. quietness.

upumbavu n. stupidity.

upungufu n. rarefaction.

upya adv. again.

uraia n. citizenship.

urefu n. length.

Ureno n. Portugal.

Urusi n. Russia.

usafi n. cleanliness.

usaha n. pus.

usahaulifu n. forgetfulness.

usalama n. peace.

usawa n. equality.

useremala n. carpentry.

ushanga Pl: shanga. n. bead.

ushi Pl: nyushi. n. eyebrow.

ushinde n. defeat.

ushirika n. cooperative.

ushonaji n. sewing.

ushuru n. tax; customs duty.

usiku n. night.

usiku mwema ! int. good night .

usingizi n. sleep; sleepiness.

uso Pl: nyuso. n. face.

ustaarabu n. civilization.

ustadi n. being skilful.

Usukuma n. pays Sukuma.

uta Pl: nyuta. n. bow.

utaa n. platform.

utajiri n. riches.

utambi Pl: tambi. n. wick.

utambuzi n. wisdom.

utamu n. flavor (pleasant); sweetness.

utando n. spider's web.

ute n. sticky saliva.

utelezi n. slipperiness.

uti n. shaft; arrowshaft.

uti wa mgongo n. backbone.

utoto n. childhood.

utulivu n. calm,; tranquility.

utumbo n. intestines.

utumwa n. slavery.

uuguzi n. nursing.

uvimbe n. swelling.

uvivu n. lazyness.

uvumbi Pl: vumbi. n. grain of dust; dust.

uvumbuzi v. exploration; discovering places.

uvundo n. smell.

uwayo n. footprint; sole of foot.

uwezo n. ability; capability.

uwizi n. theft.

uyoga n. mushroom.

-uza v. sell.

uzee n. old age.

uzi Pl: nyuzi. n. cord; rope; string.

uzito n. weight.

uzuri n. beauty.

V - v

-vaa v. wear; put on clothes.

-valisha v. dress.

vazi Pl: mavazi. n. garment; clothes.

vema adv. well; ok.

vi v. they are.

viazi ulaya n. potatoes.

vibaya adv. badly.

vifaa n. equipment.

vigumu adv. difficult.

vile dem. those ones over there.

vile adv. in that way.

vile vile adv. also.

-vimba v. swell.

vingine adv. in another way.

vita n. war.

vivi hivi adv. so so.

-vivu adj. lazy.

vivyo adv. the same way.

vivyo hivyo adv. exactly the same.

vizuri adv. well; ok.

volkeno n. volcano.

-vua v. fish.

-vua v. take off clothes; undress.

-vuja v. leak.

-vuka v. cross river.

-vuka v. be taken off (clothes).

-vuma v. roar; buzz; groal.

vumbi Pl: mavumbi. n. dust.

-vumilia v. go on doing smth; stand; bear.

-vuna v. harvest.

-vundika v. ripen artificially.

-vunja v. break; smash.

-vunjika v. be broken.

-vuruga v. stir up.

-vusha v. make smth or s.o. go across.

-vuta v. pull; smoke tobacco.

-vutia v. be interested; be attracted.

W - w

-wa v. be; become.

wajibu n. duty.

-waka v. burn; be lit.

wakati Pl: nyakati. n. time; moment.

wakati gani ? interr. what time .

wala conj. or.

wale dem. those ones over there.

wali n. cooked rice.

-wamba v. peg out.

wano n. shaft; arrowshaft.

wao pron. they; them.

wapi ? interr. where.

wapo v. there are.

wari n. yard (measure).

-washa v. itch; kindle; light (fire); sting; smart.

wasiwasi n. doubt.

watu n. folk; nation; people.

wavu Pl: nyavu. n. net; network.

wayo Pl: nyayo. n. footprint; mark of a hoof; mark of paw on the ground.

-waza v. think.

wazi adj. open.

wazimu n. madness.

waziri Pl: mawaziri. n. minister.

wazo Pl: mawazo. n. thought.

-weka v. put away; store away.

-weka sambamba v. put side by side.

-wekwa v. be put.

wema n. kindness.

wembe Pl: nyembe. n. razor blade.

weupe n. whiteness.

weusi n. blackness.

wewe pron. you (sg); thou.

-weza v. be able; can.

-wezekana v. be possible; be able to be done; can be done.

-wezesha v. allow.

-wika v. crow like a cock.

wiki n. week.

wiki ijayo n. next week.

wiki iliyopita n. last week.

wilaya n. district.

-wili num. two.

-wima v. being straight up and down.

wimbi Pl: mawimbi. n. wave of water.

wimbo Pl: nyimbo. n. song.

-winda v. hunt.

-windwa v. be hunted.

wingi n. plenty.

wingu Pl: mawingu. n. cloud.

wino n. ink.

-wivu adj. jealous.

wivu n. jealousy.

wizara n. ministry.

woga n. fear.

wokovu n. redemption.

Y - y

ya v. they are.

yaani conj. that is; in other words.

yadi n. yard (measure).

yahudi n. hebrew; jew.

yai Pl: mayai. n. egg.

yale dem. those ones over there.

yaya n. ayah; baby sitter.

yeye pron. he; she; him; her.

ye yote pron. anybody at all.

yowe Pl: mayowe. n. scream (for help).

yule dem. that one over there.

-yumba v. sway; wave to and fro.

Z - z

-zaa v. bear; have a baby; have fruit.

zaidi adv. more.

-zalia v. give a child to.

-zaliana v. reproduce.

-zalisha v. deliver a woman.

-zaliwa v. be born.

-zalwa v. be born.

-zama v. sink.

zamani n. olden times.

zamani za kale n. a long time ago.

zao Pl: mazao. n. crop.

zawadi n. gift.

-zee adj. old; aged.

-zeeka v. get old.

zeze n. kind of banjo.

zi v. they are.

-ziba v. stop a bottle; cork.

-zibua v. uncork.

-zidi v. grow bigger; be more and more.

zii ! int. down .

-zika v. bury.

zile dem. these ones; those ones.

-zima adj. whole; adult,; mature.

-zima v. extinguish; put out a fire; switch off.

-zimika v. be extinguished.

zimwi n. ogre.

-zingira v. surround.

zipo v. there are.

-zito adj. burdensome; heavy; onerous.

ziwa Pl: maziwa. n. lake.

ziwa n. breast.

zizi Pl: mazizi. n. pen; cattle-pen; enclosure; coral.

-zoea v. get used.

zoezi Pl: mazoezi. n. exercise.

-zuia v. hamper; obstruct; prevent; forbid.

-zuka v. appear suddenly.

-zunguka v. surround.

-zungumza v. speak.

zungumzo Pl: mazungumzo. n. conversation.

-zuri adj. good; beautiful; pretty; fine; handsome; lovely; nice.

-zurura v. wander arround.

zzz n. sound of a bee when it flies.





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