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Catholic religious order

Catholic religious orders are one of two types of religious institutes ('Religious Institutes', cf. canons 573–746), the major form of consecrated life in the Roman Catholic Church. They are organizations of laity and/or clergy who take solemn vows (in contrast to the simple vows taken by the members of religious congregations) and who live a common life following a religious rule or constitution under the leadership of a religious superior. According to the Annuario Pontificio, there are four branches of religious orders:

* Monastic orders: orders founded by monks or nuns who live and work in a monastery and recite the divine office.
* Mendicant orders: orders founded by friars or nuns who live from alms, recite the divine office, and have active participation in apostolic endeavors.
* Canons Regulars: orders founded by canons and canonesses regular who recite the divine office and generally are in charge of a parish.
* Clerks Regulars: orders founded by priests who are also religious men with vows and have a very active apostolic live.

Their intention is to imitate Jesus more closely, mainly, but not exclusively, by observing evangelical chastity, poverty, and obedience, which are the three evangelical counsels of perfection (cf. canons 599–601). They bind themselves to this form of living by taking public vows in accordance with the norms of church law. They may additionally profess to obey certain guidelines for living, since each order has its peculiar charism. Religious vows are to be distinguished from Holy Orders, the sacrament which bishops, priests, and deacons receive. Hence, members of religious orders are not part of the hierarchy, unless they are also ordained priests or deacons (sometimes referred to as "priest-monks" or "hieromonks" - a term more commonly found among the Orthodox than among Roman Catholics).

Religious orders only differ from religious congregations in the nature of their vows (solemn vs. simple), since today much of their way of live and apostolates don't differ much. Even though the names are used interchangeably, technically, they are not the same.

Saint Francis of Assisi, founder of the mendicant Order of Friars Minor, as painted by El Greco.

Saint Francis of Assisi, founder of the mendicant Order of Friars Minor, as painted by El Greco.

Religious rules

Religious orders generally follow one of the four great religious rules: Rule of St Basil, Rule of St. Benedict, Rule of St. Augustine, and the Rule of St. Francis.

For example, a large number of the religious orders in the Catholic Church ( Benedictines, Trappists, Cistercians, etc.) observe the Rule of St Benedict, a collection of precepts for what is called contemplative religious life; others follow the Rule of St Augustine that stress self-denial, moderation, and care for those in need, whereas the Rule of St Basil, one of the earliest rules for Christian religious living, tends to be followed by monastic communities of the Orthodox Church. In addition, the individual Orders have their own regulations for the practical living out of their chosen Rule so as to be able to serve their own Order's charism more fully.

Authority structure

A Religious Order is characterized by an authority structure where a superior general has jurisdiction over the order's dependent communities. An exception is the Order of St Benedict which is not a religious order in this technical sense, because it has a system of "independent houses", meaning that each abbey is autonomous. However, the Constitutions governing the order's global "independent houses" were approved by the pope. Likewise, according to rank and authority, the abbot primate's "position with regard to the other abbots [throughout the world] is to be understood rather from the analogy of a primate in a hierarchy than from that of the general of an order like the Dominicans and Jesuits."

History

Roots in Egypt and Syriac- and Greek-speaking East

From the earliest times there were probably individual hermits who lived a life in isolation in imitation of Jesus' 40 days in the desert. They have left no confirmed archaeological traces and only hints in the written record. Communities of virgins who had consecrated themselves to Christ are found at least as far back as the 2nd century. There were also individual ascetics, known as the "devout", who usually lived not in the deserts but on the edge of inhabited places, still remaining in the world but practicing asceticism and striving for union with God, although extreme ascetism such as encratism was regarded as suspect by the Church.

Paul of Thebes (fl. 3rd cent.), commemorated in the writings of St Jerome, is regarded as the first Christian hermit in Egypt, his withdrawal into the desert apparently having been prompted by the persecution of the Christians at the time. Saint Anthony was the first to leave the world specifically to live in the desert as a monk; St Athanasius speaks of him as an anchorite. In upper Egypt, sometime around 323 AD, Saint Pachomius decided to organize his disciples into a form of community in which they lived in individual huts or rooms (cellula in Latin), but worked, ate, and worshipped in shared space. Guidelines for daily life were drawn up (a monastic 'rule'); and several monasteries were founded, nine for men and two for women. This method of monastic organization is called cenobitic or "community-based". Towards the end of his life St Pachomius was therefore not only the abbot of a monastery but also the head of an entire order of monasteries.

The Greeks (e.g. St Basil the Great of Cappadocian Caesarea) and the Syriac-speaking east have their own monastic traditions (e.g. St Ephrem of Nisibis and Edessa).

Gaul

The earliest forms of monasticism in Western Europe involved figures such as Martin of Tours, who after serving in the Roman legions converted to Christianity and established a hermitage near Milan. He then moved on to Poitiers where he gathered a community around his hermitage. In 372 he was called to become Bishop of Tours, where he established a monastery at Marmoutiers on the opposite bank of the Loire River. His monastery was laid out as a colony of hermits rather than as a single integrated community.

John Cassian began his monastic career at a monastery in Palestine and Egypt around 385 to study monastic practice there. In Egypt he had been attracted to the isolated life of hermits, which he considered the highest form of monasticism, yet the monasteries he founded were all organized monastic communities. About 410 he established two monasteries near Marseilles, one for men, one for women. In time these attracted a total of 5,000 monks and nuns. Most significant for the future development of monasticism were Cassian's Institutes, which provided a guide for monastic life and his Conferences, a collection of spiritual reflections.

Honoratus of Marseilles was a wealthy Gallo-Roman aristocrat, who after a pilgrimage to Egypt, founded the Monastery of Lerins, on an island lying off the modern city of Cannes. Lerins became, in time, a center of monastic culture and learning, and many later monks and bishops would pass through Lerins in the early stages of their career.

Italy

The anonymous Rule of the Master (Regula magistri), was written somewhere south of Rome around 500. The rule adds administrative elements not found in earlier rules, defining the activities of the monastery, its officers, and their responsibilities in great detail.

Benedict of Nursia was the most influential early Western monk. He was educated in Rome but soon sought the life of a hermit in a cave at Subiaco, outside the city. He then attracted followers with whom he founded the monastery of Monte Cassino around 520, between Rome and Naples. His Rule is shorter than the Master's, and somewhat less legalistic. By the 9th century, largely under the inspiration of the Emperor Charlemagne, Benedict's Rule became the basic guide for Western monasticism.

Ireland

The earliest Monastic settlements in Ireland emerged at the end of the 5th century. The first identifiable founder of a monastery was Saint Brigit, a saint who ranked with Saint Patrick as a major figure of the Irish church. The monastery at Kildare was a double monastery, with both men and women ruled by the Abbess, a pattern found in many other monastic foundations.

Commonly Irish monasteries were established by grants of land to an abbot or abbess, who came from a local noble family. The monastery became the spiritual focus of the tribe or kin group. Irish monastic rules specify a stern life of prayer and discipline in which prayer, poverty, and obedience are the central themes. However Irish monks read Latin texts, both spiritual and secular, with an enthusiasm that their contemporaries on the continent lacked. By the end of the 7th century, Irish monastic schools were attracting students from England and from Europe.

Irish monasticism spread widely, first to Scotland and Northern England, then to Gaul and Italy. Columba and his followers established monasteries at Bangor, on the northeastern coast of Ireland, at Iona in Scotland, and at Lindisfarne, in Northumbria. Columbanus, an abbot from a Leinster noble family, traveled to Gaul in the late 6th century with twelve companions. Columbanus and his followers spread the Irish model of monastic institutions established by noble families to the continent. A whole series of new rural monastic foundations on great rural estates under Irish influence sprang up, starting with Columbanus's foundations of Fontaines and Luxeuil, sponsored by the Frankish King Childebert II. After Childebert's death Columbanus traveled east to Metz, where Theudebert II allowed him to establish a new monastery among the semi-pagan Alemanni in what is now Switzerland. One of Columbanus's followers founded the monastery of St. Gall on the shores of Lake Constance, while Columbanus continued onward across the Alps to the kingdom of the Lombards in Italy. There King Agilulf and his wife Theodolinda granted Columbanus land in the mountains between Genoa and Milan, where he established the monastery of Bobbio.

List of Catholic religious orders

As per the Annuario Pontificio, these are the existing approved and recognized Catholic religious orders:

Mendicant orders
Official Name Acronym Nickname
Ordo Augustiniensium Discalceatorum O.A.D. Discalced Augustinians
Ordo Minimorum O.M. Minims
Ordo Augustinianorum Recollectorum O.A.R. Augustinians Recollects
Ordo Fratrum Discalceatorum B. Mariae V. de Monte Carmelo O.C.D. Discalced Carmelites
Ordo Servorum Mariae O.S.M. Servites
Ordo Fratrum Minorum O.F.M. Franciscans
Ordo Fratrum Minorum Capuccinorum O.F.M. Cap. Capuchin Franciscans
Ordo Fratrum Minorum Conventualium O.F.M. Conv. Conventual Franciscans
Ordo Fratrum Praedicatorum O.P. Dominicans
Ordo B. Mariae Virginis de Mercede O. de M. Mercedarians
Ordo Fratrum Beatissimae Mariae Virginis de Monte Carmelo O. Carm. Carmelites
Ordo Fratrum Sancti Augustini O.S.A. Augustinians
Ordo Ssmae Trinitatis O.SS.T. Trinitarians
Tertius Ordo Regularis S. Francisci T.O.R. Brothers of Penance
Monastic Orders
Official Name Acronym Nickname
Ordo Cartusiensis Cart. Carthusians
Ordo Sancti Hieronymi O.S.H. Hieronymites
Ordo Cisterciensis O. Cist. Cistercians
Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae O.C.S.O. Trappist
Ordo Libanensis Maronitarum O.L.M. Baladites
Ordo S. Benedicti O.S.B. Benedictines
Ordo Basilianus S. Iosaphat O.S.B.M. Basilians
Ordo Basilianus S. Iohannis Baptistae, Soaritarum Melkitarum B.C.  
Ordo Fratrum S. Pauli Primi Eremitae O.S.P.P.E. Pauline Fathers
Ordo Basilianus Ssmi Salvatoris Melkitarum B.S.  
Ordo Maronita Beatae Mariae Virginis O.M.M.  
Cleric Regulars
Official Name Acronym Nickname
Congregatio Clericorum Regularium S. Pauli B. Barnabites
Ordo Clericorum Regularium vulgo Theatinorum C.R. Theatines
Ordo Clericorum Regularium a Somascha C.R.S.  
Ordo Clericorum Regularium Matris Dei O. M. D.  
Ordo Clericorum Regularium Pauperum Matris Dei Scholarum Piarum Sch. P. Piarists
Ordo Clericorum Regularium Ministrantium Infirmis M.I. Camilians
Societas Jesu S.J. Jesuits
Canon Regulars
Official Name Acronym Nickname
Congregatio Ssmi Salvatoris Lateranensis C.R.L.  
Sacer et Apostolicus Ordo Canonicorum Regularium S. Augustini C.R.S.A. Canon Regulars
Ordo Fratrum Domus Hospitalis Sanctae Mariae Teutonicorum in Jerusalem O.T.  
Candidus et Canonicus Ordo Praemonstratensis O. Praem. Norbertines or Premonstratensians
Ordo Canonicorum Regularium Sancae Crucis O.R.C.  
Congregatio Helvetica o Sancto Mauritio Agaunensis C.R.A  
Canonici Regulares Ordinis S. Crucis O.S.C. Holy Cross



Congregation (Catholic)

In reference to Catholic religious orders, the term congregation has two usages.

Primarily, a congregation is one of the Catholic religious institutes in which simple vows, not solemn vows, are taken. In the canon law of the Catholic Church, public vows are divided into simple vows and solemn vows. Professed members of monastic and certain other orders (e.g., the Jesuits) take solemn vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience (the vows of religion) in which all claims to inheritances are renounced. Countries which recognized canon law as having legal force for the society would automatically enforce this religious practice. Members of religious congregations take simple versions of them, which allow for inheritance.

This innovation was introduced after the experience in the Catholic Church of the upheavals brought about the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic invasions of other Catholic countries. Thousands of monks and nuns were left to live in poverty, having forsaken any means of income to which they might have been entitled through inheritances. This was coupled with the rise of the new groups of religious men and women, whose way of life was oriented not to the ancient monastic way of life, but rather more to social service in response to the widespread poverty of the age, and to evangelization, both in Europe and overseas.

The other major use of this term is to denote the various grouping of Benedictine monasteries into independent associations, presided over by the abbot of a particular community. Thus one speaks of, e.g., the Cassinese or Camaldolese congregations. These different congregations vary in regard to the authority of the presiding abbot. Thus, in some congregations, the role of the presiding abbot is directly exercised upon the individual member of the congregation, while in others, it is more of a role of guidance to the monastic community.

List of congregations

The 2000 Annuario Pontificio lists about 1 million persons in religious institutes worldwide. This included 139,397 religious priests (and excluded 265,781 diocesan priests), 55,057 religious brothers, and 801,185 religious sisters.

The following list refers to some of the major religious congregations of the Catholic Church; it should be understood that communities using the same name may exist in also in the Anglican tradition, as well as there can be more than one Catholic congregation with the same name. Each is accompanied by its official name in English as well as the acronym (or "post-nominal initials") commonly used to identify its members. In many cases name variations and/or alternative names are also in use. In parentheses is the year it was established.

Some organizations in the following list are not Religious Institutes because they are Associations of the Faithful and have not yet received a decree of erection to become an Institute of Consecrated Life. For this reason, this list does not verify the canonical status of an organization:

Name Initials Founder Date(s) of founding
Adorers of the Blood of Christ A.S.C. Maria De Mattias 1834
Adrian Dominican Sisters     1923 (1233)
Albertines     1888
Alexians C.F.A.   1469
Angelic Sisters of St. Paul A.S.S.P. Anthony Maria Zaccaria 1535
Apostles of the Sacred Heart of Jesus A.S.C.J.   1894
Assisi Sisters of Mary Immaculate A.S.M.I.   1949
Assumptionists A.A.   1845
Little Sisters of the Assumption L.S.A. Etienne Pernet 1865
Religious of the Assumption     1839
Society of the Atonement (Atonement Friars, Graymoor Friars/Sisters) S.A.   1909
Augustinian Sisters, Servants of Jesus and Mary A.S.J.M.   1827
Society of Saint Augustine (Augustinians of Kansas) S.S.A.   1981
Benedictine Oblates of St Scholastica O.S.B.   1984
Benedictine Sisters of Perpetual Adoration     1874
Bernardine Cistercians of Esquermes   Hippolyte Lecouvreur 1827
Bernardines (also call Cistercians)     1098
Bon Secours Sisters C.B.S.   1824
Brigidine Sisters     1807
Brotherhood of Hope B.H.   1980
Brothers of Charity F.C.   1807
Brothers of Christian Instruction of St Gabriel F.S.G.   1711
Brothers of Mercy of Our Lady of Perpetual Help F.M.M.   1839
Brothers of the Christian Schools (Lasallian Brothers or Christian Brothers) F.S.C. John Baptist de La Salle 1680
Brothers of the Poor of St. Francis C.F.P. Johannes Hoever 1861
Brothers of the Sacred Heart S.C.   1821
Brothers of Christian Instruction (De la Mennais Brothers, FIC Brothers) F.I.C. Gabriel Deshayes
Jean-Marie de Lamennais
1819
Camaldolese Hermits of the Congregation of Monte Corona Er.Cam. Paul Giustiniani 1525
Canons Regular of Saint John Cantius S.J.C.   2006
Canons Regular of the Immaculate Conception     1871
Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem C.R.N.J.   2002
Canossians (Canossian Daughters and Sons of Charity) F.D.D.C.   1808
Carmelites of Saint Elijah
Carmelitae Sancti Eliae
C.S.E.   1986
Carmelites of Mary Immaculate C.M.I.   1831
Carmelite Daughters of the Divine Heart of Jesus D.C.J.   1891
Carmelite Sisters for the Aged and Infirm     1929
Carmelite Sisters of the Most Sacred Heart of Los Angeles     1904
Claretians (Claretian Missionaries) C.M.F.   1849
Claretian Sisters     1876
Comboni Missionaries     1867
Community of Betania      
Companions of the Cross C.C.   1988
Company of Mary Our Lady O.D.N.   1607
Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Scheutists)
Congregatio Immaculati Cordis Mariae
C.I.C.M.   1862
Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament S.S.S.   1659
Congregation of Christian Brothers (Christian Brothers of Ireland) C.F.C.   1802
Congregation of the Disciples of the Lord
Congregatio Discipulorum Domini
C.D.D.   1931
Congregation of Divine Providence C.D.P.   1827
Congregation of Holy Cross C.S.C.   1837
Congregation of Maronite Lebanese Missionaries M.L.   1865
Congregation of the Mission C.M.   1624
Congregation of the Mother Co-Redemptrix C.M.C.   1909
Congregation of Notre Dame C.N.D.   1653
Congregation of Our Lady of the Missions     1861
Congregation of the Sisters of Nazareth C.S.N.   1948
Congregation of the Sisters of the Resurrection     1891
Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary SS.CC.   1800
Congregation of St. Basil C.S.B.   1822
Congregation of St. Joseph C.S.J.   1873
Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux C.S.T.   1931 / 1945
Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy (Divine Mercy Sisters) O.L.M.   1862
Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul D.C.   1633
Daughters of Divine Charity F.D.C.   1868
Daughters of Divine Love     1969
Daughters of the Holy Spirit D.H.S.   1706
Daughters of Mary of the Immaculate Conception     1904
Daughters of Our Lady of Compassion D.O.L.C.   1892
Daughters of St. Francis of Assisi     1894
Daughters of St. Paul F.S.P.   1915
Daughters of Wisdom     1707
Dehonians (Priests of the Sacred Heart of Jesus) S.C.J.   1878
Divine Word Missionaries S.V.D.   1875
Dominican Missionaries for the Deaf Apostolate O.P. Miss.   2004
Dominican Nuns of the Perpetual Rosary     1880
Dominican Sisters of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin     1856
Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne     1900
Dominican Sisters of the Immaculate Conception O.P.   1861
Dominican Sisters of St. Cecilia O.P.   1860
Christian Doctrine Fathers (Doctrinaries)
Congregatio Patrum Doctrinae Christianae
D.C.   1592
Eudists (Congregation of Jesus and Mary) C.I.M.   1643
Fathers of Mercy
Congregatio Presbyterorum a Misericordia
C.P.M.   1808
Felician Sisters (Congregation of the Sisters of St. Felix of Cantalice) C.S.S.F.   1855
Franciscan Apostolic Sisters F.A.S.   1954
Franciscan Brothers of Brooklyn O.S.F.   1858
Franciscan Brothers of the Eucharist F.B.E.   2004
Franciscan Brothers of Peace F.B.P.   1982
Franciscan Clarist Congregation      
Franciscan Friars of the Renewal C.F.R.   1987
Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate F.I. Fr. Stefano Maria Manelli
Fr. Gabriel Maria Pellettieri
1970
Franciscan Handmaids of Mary     1915
Franciscan Hospitaller Sisters of the Immaculate Conception F.H.I.C.   1876
Franciscan Minims of the Perpetual Help of Mary F.M.   1942
Franciscan Missionaries of the Divine Motherhood F.M.D.M.   1887
Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word M.F.V.A.   1987
Franciscan Missionaries of Mary F.M.M.   1877
Franciscan Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary     1859
Franciscan Missionary Sisters of the Infant Jesus     1879
Franciscan Servants of Jesus     1997
Franciscan Sisters of Christian Charity O.S.F.   1869
Franciscan Sisters of the Eucharist F.S.E.   1973
Franciscan Sisters of the Family of Mary   Zygmunt Szczesny Felinski 1857
Franciscan Sisters of the Immaculate Conception F.S.I.C. Refugio Morales 1874
Franciscan Sisters of Mary Immaculate     1893
Franciscan Sisters of Penance of the Sorrowful Mother T.O.R.   1988
Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration O.S.F.   1849
Fransalians (Missionaries of St. Francis de Sales) M.S.F.S.   1838
Friars of St. Francis F.S.F.   1993
Good Shepherd Sisters R.G.S.   1641
Grey Nuns G.N.S.H.   1738
Handmaids of the Blessed Sacrament and of Charity A.A.S.C.   1950
Handmaids of the Precious Blood H.P.B.   1947
Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus A.A.S.C.   1877
Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Mary and Joseph     1978
Hermits of Saint Bruno H.S.B.   2001
Holy Cross Fathers (Congregation of Holy Cross) C.S.C.   1837
Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters (Pink Sisters) S.Sp.S.A.P. Arnold Janssen 1896
Hospital Sisters of the Mercy of Jesus     1200s
Infant Jesus Sisters I.J. Nicolas Barre 1666
Institut du Clerge Patriarcal de Bzommar I.C.P.B.   1749
Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest I.C.R.S.S.   1990
Institute of the Incarnate Word I.V.E.   1984
Josephite Fathers (St. Joseph's Society of the Sacred Heart) S.S.J.   1893
Legion of Christ L.C.   1941
Little Brothers of the Gospel     1956
Little Brothers of Jesus     1933
Little Brothers of St Francis L.B.S.F.   1970
Little Sisters of the Assumption     1865
Little Sisters of the Gospel     1963
Little Sisters of Jesus     1933
Little Sisters of Jesus and Mary     1974
Little Sisters of the Poor L.S.P.   1800s
Lovers of the Holy Cross     1670
Loreto Sisters (Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary) I.B.V.M.   1609
Marian Fathers M.I.C.   1673
Marian Sisters (Marian Sisters of the Diocese of Lincoln) M.S.   1952
Marianists (Society of Mary) S.M.   1817
Marianist Sisters (Daughters of Mary Immaculate) F.M.I.   1816
Marianites of Holy Cross M.S.C.   1841
Marist Brothers F.M.S.   1817
Marists (Society of Mary) S.M.   1816
Maryknoll (Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America) M.M.   1911
Miles Christi M.C.   1984
Mission Helpers of The Sacred Heart M.H.S.H.   1890
Missionaries of Charity M.C.   1950
Missionaries of La Salette M.S.   1852
Missionaries of Mary     2007
Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo) C.S.   1887
Missionaries of the Gospel of Life     2005
Missionaries of the Poor M.O.P.   1981
Missionaries of the Precious Blood (Precious Blood Fathers) C.PP.S.   1815
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart M.S.C.   1854
Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary     1836
Missionary Congregation for the Blessed Sacrament     1933
Missionary Society of St. Columban (Columbans) S.S.C.   1916
Monastic Fraternities of Jerusalem     1975
Montfort Missionaries (Company of Mary) S.M.M.   1705
Oblate Apostles of the Two Hearts O.A.T.H.   1995
Oblate Sisters of Providence O.S.P.   1829
Oblates of Mary Immaculate O.M.I.   1816
Oblates of St. Joseph O.S.J.   1878
Oblates of the Virgin Mary O.M.V.   1827
Oratorians (Oratory of St. Philip Neri) C.O. or Cong. Orat. Philip Neri 1500s
Pallottines (Society of the Catholic Apostolate) S.A.C.   1835
Paris Foreign Missions Society M.E.P.   1658
Passionists (Congregation of the Passion) C.P.   1720
Passionist Sisters     1850s
Patrician Brothers F.S.P.   1808
Paulist Fathers (Missionary Society of Saint Paul the Apostle) C.S.P.   1858
Pious Disciples of the Divine Master P.D.D.M.   1924
Sisters of the Reparation of the Holy Face     1950
Poor Clares Ordo Sanctae Clarae O.S.C. Clare of Assisi 1212
Poor Clares of Santa Barbara      
Poor Clare Nuns of Perpetual Adoration     1854
Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon
Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici
    1129–1312
Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary P.B.V.M.   1775
Presentation Brothers F.P.M.   1802
Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter
Fraternitas Sacerdotalis Sancti Petri
F.S.S.P.   1988
Putri Karmel     1982
Racine Dominican Sisters     1862
Redemptorists (Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer) C.Ss.R.   1732
Les Religieuses de Notre-Dame-du-Sacre-Coeur     1924
Religious of the Assumption R.A.   1839
Religious of Christian Education     1817
Religious of the Sacred Heart of Mary R.S.H.M.   1849
Religious of the Virgin Mary R.V.M.   1684
Religious Sisters of Mercy of Alma, Michigan R.S.M.   1973
Religious Sisters of Charity     1815
Resurrectionists C.R.   1836
Rogationists of the Heart of Jesus R.C.J.   1897
Rosminians (Institute of Charity) I.C.   1828
Salesians of St. John Bosco S.D.B.   1857
Salesian Sisters (Daughters of Mary Help of Christians) F.M.A.   1872
Salvatorians (Society of the Divine Savior) S.D.S.   1881
School Sisters of Christ the King     1976
School Sisters of Notre Dame S.S.N.D.   1833
School Sisters of the Third Order of St Francis     1873
Sinsinawa Dominican Sisters     1847
Sister Adorers of the Precious Blood R.P.G.   1861
Sisters Adorers of the Royal Heart of Jesus Christ Sovereign Priest     2004
Sisters of Adoration, Slaves of the Blessed Sacrament and of Charity     1850
Sisters of the Apostolic Carmel     1870
Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament     1891
Sisters of the Cenacle R.C.   1826
Sisters of Charity S.C.   1633
Sisters of Charity of Saints Bartolomaea Capitanio & Vincenza Gerosa S.C.C.G.   1832
Sisters of Charity of Cincinnati     1829
Sisters of Charity of Leavenworth     1858
Sisters of Charity of New York     1846
Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary B.V.M.   1831
Sisters of Charity of the Immaculate Conception     1854
Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word     1866
Sisters of Charity of Jesus and Mary     1803
Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy     1829
Sisters of Charity of Providence S.P.   1844
Sisters of Charity of Saint Elizabeth     1859
Sisters of Charity Federation in the Vincentian-Setonian Tradition     1947
Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul     1849
Vincentian Sisters of Charity V.S.C.   1902
Sisters of the Destitute     1927
Sisters of the Divine Compassion     1886
Sisters of Charity of Seton Hill     1870
Sisters of the Holy Cross C.S.C.   1837
Sisters of the Holy Family     1837
Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth     1875
Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary S.N.J.M.   1844
Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of Castres   Emilie de Villeneuve 1800s
Sisters of Jesus, Our Hope S.J.H.    
Sisters of Life S.V.   1991
Sisters of Mary, Mother of the Eucharist O.P.   1997
Sisters of Mercy R.S.M.   1831
Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur S.N.D. or S.N.D. de N.   1803
Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy     1862
Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods S.P.   1840
Sisters of Providence of St. Vincent de Paul S.P.   1861
Sisters of La Retraite   Catherine de Francheville 1674
Sisters of Saint Agnes     1858
Sisters of Saint Dorothy (Dorotheans) S.S.D. Paula Frassinetti 1834
Sisters of Saint Elizabeth     1842
Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi     1849
Sisters of St Francis of the Martyr St George F.S.G.M.   1869
Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity     1835
Sisters of Saint Francis of Rochester, Minnesota     1877
Sisters of St Joseph (Sisters of Saint Joseph of Medaille) C.S.J.   1650
Sisters of Saint Joseph of Bourg S.S.J.   1650
Sisters of St. Joseph of Chambery     1812
Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace     1884
Sisters of St. Joseph of the Sacred Heart S.S.J.   1866
Sisters of St. Joseph of the Third Order of St. Francis     1901
Sisters of Saint Martha     1900
Sisters of St Rita     1911
Sisters of St Therese of the Child Jesus (St Therese Sisters) S.S.Th. Maria Crocifissa Curcio 1900s
Sisters of Social Service S.S.S.   1926
Sisters of the Visitation     1610
Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary - I.H.M.   1845
Sisters, Servants of the Lord and the Virgin of Matara S.S.V.M.   1988
Sisters, Servants of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus S.S.C.J.   1894
Society of African Missions
Societas Missionum ad Afros
S.M.A.   1850
Society of the Helpers of the Holy Souls     1856
Society of the Holy Child Jesus S.H.C.J.   1846
Society of Our Lady of the Most Holy Trinity S.O.L.T.   1958
Society of St. Edmund S.S.E.   1843
Society of Saint Paul S.S.P.   1914
Society of the Sacred Heart R.S.C.J.   1800
Sovereign Military Order of Malta (Order of Malta) S.M.O.M.   1099
Spiritans (Congregation of the Holy Ghost)
Congregatio Sancti Spiritus
C.S.Sp. Claude Poullart des Places 1703
Stigmatines (Congregation of the Sacred Stigmata) C.S.S.   1816
Sulpician Fathers (Society of Saint Sulpice) S.S. or P.S.S.   1642
Tertiary Sisters of St. Francis, Cameroon     1700
Verbum Dei Missionary Fraternity M.V.D.F.   1963
Viatorians (Clerics of Saint Viator) C.S.V.   1831
Heralds of the Gospel   John Scognamiglio Cla Dias 1970
Virgo Flos Carmeli (Regina Virginum) E.P.   2001
Vincentian Congregation V.C.   1904
Vocationists (The Society of Divine Vocations) S.D.V.   1927
White Fathers M.Afr.   1868
Xaverian Brothers C.F.X.   1839
Xaverian Missionaries (Missionary Society of St. Francis Xavier) S.X.   1895

 

 

Published - March 2011












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